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Separation Process Engineering, Second Edition by Phillip C. Wankat

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Chapter 11: Economics and Energy Conservation in Distillation

There are an estimated 40,000 distillation columns in the USA, which have a combined capital value in excess of $8 billion. These columns are estimated to have at least a 30-year life, and they are used in more than 95% of all chemical processes. The total energy use of these columns is approximately 3% of total U.S. energy consumption (Humphrey and Keller, 1987). Thus, estimating and, if possible, reducing capital and operating costs of distillation are important. Because they are a major energy user, saving energy in distillation systems is particularly important in a time of high and uncertain energy costs.

11.1 DISTILLATION COSTS

Now that we have considered the design of the ...

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