This section presents the following topics:
Conceptual overview of sed
Syntax of sed commands
Group summary of sed commands
Alphabetical summary of sed commands
sed is a non-interactive, or stream-oriented, editor. It interprets a script and performs the actions in the script. sed is stream-oriented because, like many Unix programs, input flows through the program and is directed to standard output. For example, sort is stream-oriented; vi is not. sed's input typically comes from a file or pipe, but it can also be directed from the keyboard. Output goes to the screen by default but can be captured in a file or sent through a pipe instead.
The Free Software Foundation has a version of sed, available from ftp://gnudist.gnu.org/gnu/sed/sed-3.02.tar.gz. The somewhat older version, 2.05, is also available.
Typical uses of sed include:
Editing one or more files automatically
Simplifying repetitive edits to multiple files
Writing conversion programs
sed operates as follows:
Each line of input is copied into a "pattern space," an internal buffer where editing operations are performed.
All editing commands in a sed script are applied, in order, to each line of input.
Editing commands are applied to all lines (globally) unless line addressing restricts the lines affected.
If a command changes the input, subsequent commands and address tests will be applied to the current line in the pattern space, not the original input line.
The original ...