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SAS Encoding: Understanding the Details by Manfred Kiefer

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Chapter 2

Characters and Terminology in Computing

In hindsight, what we have done is invented a computer communications Tower of Babel.
—Edwin Hart

Bits and Bytes

A Brief History of Character Encoding Standards

ASCII

ISO 8859

Other 8-Bit Encoding Schemes

Multi-octet Encoding Schemes

Problems with Encodings

Unicode

Transcoding

Chapter Summary

Bits and Bytes

In the context of computing, the terms character set, code page, and encoding are often used interchangeably or as synonyms. This is not quite correct. We need to find a better definition of all these pieces and see how they fit together.

So, how do we relate abstract characters to the bits ...

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