If designing a graphical user interface were comparable to painting, you could currently produce only one kind of art: abstract expressionism. You can put components onto an interface, but you don’t have control over where they go.
To arrange the components of a user interface in Java, you must use a set of classes called layout managers.
Today, you learn how to use layout managers to arrange components into an interface. You take advantage of the flexibility of Swing, which was designed to be presentable on the many different platforms that support the language.
You also learn how to put several different layout managers to work on the same interface, an approach for the many times when one layout ...