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Sams Teach Yourself SQL™ in 10 Minutes, Third Edition by Ben Forta

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Appendix D. Using SQL Datatypes

As explained in Lesson 1, “Understanding SQL,” datatypes are basically rules that define what data may be stored in a column and how that data is actually stored.

Datatypes are used for several reasons:

• Datatypes enable you to restrict the type of data that can be stored in a column. For example, a numeric datatype column will only accept numeric values.

• Datatypes allow for more efficient storage, internally. Numbers and date time values can be stored in a more condensed format than text strings.

• Datatypes allow for alternate sorting orders. If everything is treated as strings, 1 comes before 10, which comes before 2. (Strings are sorted in dictionary sequence, one character at a time starting from the ...

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