You are previewing RF Power Amplifier, 2nd Edition.
O'Reilly logo
RF Power Amplifier, 2nd Edition

Book Description

This second edition of the highly acclaimed RF Power Amplifiers has been thoroughly revised and expanded to reflect the latest challenges associated with power transmitters used in communications systems. With more rigorous treatment of many concepts, the new edition includes a unique combination of class-tested analysis and industry-proven design techniques.

Radio frequency (RF) power amplifiers are the fundamental building blocks used in a vast variety of wireless communication circuits, radio and TV broadcasting transmitters, radars, wireless energy transfer, and industrial processes. Through a combination of theory and practice, RF Power Amplifiers, Second Edition provides a solid understanding of the key concepts, the principle of operation, synthesis, analysis, and design of RF power amplifiers.

This extensive update boasts: up to date end of chapter summaries; review questions and problems; an expansion on key concepts; new examples related to real-world applications illustrating key concepts and brand new chapters covering 'hot topics' such as RF LC oscillators and dynamic power supplies.

Carefully edited for superior readability, this work remains an essential reference for research & development staff and design engineers. Senior level undergraduate and graduate electrical engineering students will also find it an invaluable resource with its practical examples & summaries, review questions and end of chapter problems.

Key features:

  • A fully revised solutions manual is now hosted on a companion website alongside new simulations.

  • Extended treatment of a broad range of topologies of RF power amplifiers.

  • In-depth treatment of state-of-the art of modern transmitters and a new chapter on oscillators.

  • Includes problem-solving methodology, step-by-step derivations and closed-form design equations with illustrations.

  • Table of Contents

    1. Title Page
    2. Copyright
    3. Dedication
    4. Preface
    5. About the Author
    6. List of Symbols
    7. List of Acronyms
    8. Chapter 1: Introduction
      1. 1.1 Radio Transmitters
      2. 1.2 Batteries for Portable Electronics
      3. 1.3 Block Diagram of RF Power Amplifiers
      4. 1.4 Classes of Operation of RF Power Amplifiers
      5. 1.5 Waveforms of RF Power Amplifiers
      6. 1.6 Parameters of RF Power Amplifiers
      7. 1.7 Transmitter Noise
      8. 1.8 Conditions for 100% Efficiency of Power Amplifiers
      9. 1.9 Conditions for Nonzero Output Power at 100% Efficiency of Power Amplifiers
      10. 1.10 Output Power of Class E ZVS Amplifiers
      11. 1.11 Class E ZCS Amplifiers
      12. 1.12 Antennas
      13. 1.13 Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves
      14. 1.14 Frequency Spectrum
      15. 1.15 Duplexing
      16. 1.16 Multiple-Access Techniques
      17. 1.17 Nonlinear Distortion in Transmitters
      18. 1.18 Harmonics of Carrier Frequency
      19. 1.19 Intermodulation Distortion
      20. 1.20 AM/AM Compression and AM/PM Conversion
      21. 1.21 Dynamic Range of Power Amplifiers
      22. 1.22 Analog Modulation
      23. 1.23 Digital Modulation
      24. 1.24 Radars
      25. 1.25 Radio-Frequency Identification
      26. 1.26 Summary
      27. 1.27 Review Questions
      28. 1.28 Problems
      29. References
    9. Chapter 2: Class A RF Power Amplifier
      1. 2.1 Introduction
      2. 2.2 Power MOSFET Characteristics
      3. 2.3 Short-Channel Effects
      4. 2.4 Circuit of Class A RF Power Amplifier
      5. 2.5 Waveforms in Class A RF Amplifier
      6. 2.6 Energy Parameters of Class A RF Power Amplifier
      7. 2.7 Parallel-Resonant Circuit
      8. 2.8 Power Losses and Efficiency of Parallel-Resonant Circuit
      9. 2.9 Class A RF Power Amplifier with Current Mirror
      10. 2.10 Impedance Matching Circuits
      11. 2.11 Class A RF Linear Amplifier
      12. 2.12 Summary
      13. 2.13 Review Questions
      14. 2.14 Problems
      15. References
    10. Chapter 3: Class AB, B, and C RF Power Amplifiers
      1. 3.1 Introduction
      2. 3.2 Class B RF Power Amplifier
      3. 3.3 Class AB and C RF Power Amplifiers
      4. 3.4 Push–Pull Complementary Class AB, B, and C RF Power Amplifiers
      5. 3.5 Transformer-Coupled Class B Push–Pull RF Power Amplifier
      6. 3.6 Class AB, B, and C RF Power Amplifiers with Variable-Envelope Signals
      7. 3.7 Summary
      8. 3.8 Review Questions
      9. 3.9 Problems
      10. References
    11. Chapter 4: Class D RF Power Amplifiers
      1. 4.1 Introduction
      2. 4.2 MOSFET as a Switch
      3. 4.3 Circuit Description of Class D RF Power Amplifier
      4. 4.4 Principle of Operation of Class D RF Power Amplifier
      5. 4.5 Topologies of Class D Voltage-Source RF Power Amplifiers
      6. 4.6 Analysis
      7. 4.7 Bandwidth of Class D RF Power Amplifier
      8. 4.8 Operation of Class D RF Power Amplifier at Resonance
      9. 4.9 Class D RF Power Amplifier with Amplitude Modulation
      10. 4.10 Operation of Class D RF Power Amplifier Outside Resonance
      11. 4.11 Efficiency of Half-Bridge Class D Power Amplifier
      12. 4.12 Design Example
      13. 4.13 Transformer-Coupled Push–Pull Class D Voltage-Switching RF Power Amplifier
      14. 4.14 Class D Full-Bridge RF Power Amplifier
      15. 4.15 Phase Control of Full-Bridge Class D Power Amplifier
      16. 4.16 Class D Current-Switching RF Power Amplifier
      17. 4.17 Transformer-Coupled Push–pull Class D Current-Switching RF Power Amplifier
      18. 4.18 Bridge Class D Current-Switching RF Power Amplifier
      19. 4.19 Summary
      20. 4.20 Review Questions
      21. 4.21 Problems
      22. References
    12. Chapter 5: Class E Zero-Voltage Switching RF Power Amplifiers
      1. 5.1 Introduction
      2. 5.2 Circuit Description
      3. 5.3 Circuit Operation
      4. 5.4 ZVS and ZDS Operations of Class E Amplifier
      5. 5.5 Suboptimum Operation
      6. 5.6 Analysis
      7. 5.7 Drain Efficiency of Ideal Class E Amplifier
      8. 5.8 RF Choke Inductance
      9. 5.9 Maximum Operating Frequency of Class E Amplifier
      10. 5.10 Summary of Parameters at D = 0.5
      11. 5.11 Efficiency
      12. 5.12 Design of Basic Class E Amplifier
      13. 5.13 Impedance Matching Resonant Circuits
      14. 5.14 Class E ZVS RF Power Amplifier with Only Nonlinear Shunt Capacitance
      15. 5.15 Push–Pull Class E ZVS RF Power Amplifier
      16. 5.16 Class E ZVS RF Power Amplifier with Finite DC-Feed Inductance
      17. 5.17 Class E ZVS Amplifier with Parallel-Series Resonant Circuit
      18. 5.18 Class E ZVS Amplifier with Nonsinusoidal Output Voltage
      19. 5.19 Class E ZVS Power Amplifier with Parallel-Resonant Circuit
      20. 5.20 Amplitude Modulation of Class E ZVS RF Power Amplifier
      21. 5.21 Summary
      22. 5.22 Review Questions
      23. 5.23 Problems
      24. References
    13. Chapter 6: Class E Zero-Current Switching RF Power Amplifier
      1. 6.1 Introduction
      2. 6.2 Circuit Description
      3. 6.3 Principle of Operation
      4. 6.4 Analysis
      5. 6.5 Power Relationships
      6. 6.6 Element Values of Load Network
      7. 6.7 Design Example
      8. 6.8 Summary
      9. 6.9 Review Questions
      10. 6.10 Problems
      11. References
    14. Chapter 7: Class DE RF Power Amplifier
      1. 7.1 Introduction
      2. 7.2 Analysis of Class DE RF Power Amplifier
      3. 7.3 Components
      4. 7.4 Device Stresses
      5. 7.5 Design Equations
      6. 7.6 Maximum Operating Frequency
      7. 7.7 Class DE Amplifier with Only One Shunt Capacitor
      8. 7.8 Output Power
      9. 7.9 Cancellation of Nonlinearities of Transistor Output Capacitances
      10. 7.10 Amplitude Modulation of Class DE RF Power Amplifier
      11. 7.11 Summary
      12. 7.12 Review Questions
      13. 7.13 Problems
      14. References
    15. Chapter 8: Class F RF Power Amplifiers
      1. 8.1 Introduction
      2. 8.2 Class F RF Power Amplifier with Third Harmonic
      3. 8.3 Class F<sub xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:ibooks="http://vocabulary.itunes.apple.com/rdf/ibooks/vocabulary-extensions-1.0">35</sub> RF Power Amplifier with Third and Fifth Harmonics RF Power Amplifier with Third and Fifth Harmonics
      4. 8.4 Class F<sub xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:ibooks="http://vocabulary.itunes.apple.com/rdf/ibooks/vocabulary-extensions-1.0">357</sub> RF Power Amplifier with Third, Fifth, and Seventh Harmonics RF Power Amplifier with Third, Fifth, and Seventh Harmonics
      5. 8.5 Class F<sub xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:ibooks="http://vocabulary.itunes.apple.com/rdf/ibooks/vocabulary-extensions-1.0">T</sub> RF Power Amplifier with Parallel-Resonant Circuit and Quarter-Wavelength Transmission Line RF Power Amplifier with Parallel-Resonant Circuit and Quarter-Wavelength Transmission Line
      6. 8.6 Class <img xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:ibooks="http://vocabulary.itunes.apple.com/rdf/ibooks/vocabulary-extensions-1.0" src="images/c08-math-0647.png" alt="c08-math-0647" style="vertical-align:middle;"></img> RF Power Amplifier with Second Harmonic RF Power Amplifier with Second Harmonic
      7. 8.7 Class <img xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:ibooks="http://vocabulary.itunes.apple.com/rdf/ibooks/vocabulary-extensions-1.0" src="images/c08-math-0827.png" alt="c08-math-0827" style="vertical-align:middle;"></img> RF Power Amplifier with Second and Fourth Harmonics RF Power Amplifier with Second and Fourth Harmonics
      8. 8.8 Class <img xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:ibooks="http://vocabulary.itunes.apple.com/rdf/ibooks/vocabulary-extensions-1.0" src="images/c08-math-0947.png" alt="c08-math-0947" style="vertical-align:middle;"></img> RF Power Amplifier with Second, Fourth, and Sixth Harmonics RF Power Amplifier with Second, Fourth, and Sixth Harmonics
      9. 8.9 Class <img xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:ibooks="http://vocabulary.itunes.apple.com/rdf/ibooks/vocabulary-extensions-1.0" src="images/c08-math-0960.png" alt="c08-math-0960" style="vertical-align:middle;"></img> RF Power Amplifier with Series-Resonant Circuit and Quarter-Wavelength Transmission Line RF Power Amplifier with Series-Resonant Circuit and Quarter-Wavelength Transmission Line
      10. 8.10 Summary
      11. 8.11 Review Questions
      12. 8.12 Problems
      13. References
    16. Chapter 9: Linearization and Efficiency Improvements of RF Power Amplifiers
      1. 9.1 Introduction
      2. 9.2 Predistortion
      3. 9.3 Feedforward Linearization Technique
      4. 9.4 Negative Feedback Linearization Technique
      5. 9.5 Envelope Elimination and Restoration
      6. 9.6 Envelope Tracking
      7. 9.7 The Doherty Amplifier
      8. 9.8 Outphasing Power Amplifier
      9. 9.9 Summary
      10. 9.10 Review Questions
      11. 9.11 Problems
      12. References
    17. Chapter 10: Integrated Inductors
      1. 10.1 Introduction
      2. 10.2 Skin Effect
      3. 10.3 Resistance of Rectangular Trace
      4. 10.4 Inductance of Straight Rectangular Trace
      5. 10.5 Meander Inductors
      6. 10.6 Inductance of Straight Round Conductor
      7. 10.7 Inductance of Circular Round Wire Loop
      8. 10.8 Inductance of Two-Parallel Wire Loop
      9. 10.9 Inductance of Rectangle of Round Wire
      10. 10.10 Inductance of Polygon Round Wire Loop
      11. 10.11 Bondwire Inductors
      12. 10.12 Single-Turn Planar Inductor
      13. 10.13 Inductance of Planar Square Loop
      14. 10.14 Planar Spiral Inductors
      15. 10.15 Multi-Metal Spiral Inductors
      16. 10.16 Planar Transformers
      17. 10.17 MEMS Inductors
      18. 10.18 Inductance of Coaxial Cable
      19. 10.19 Inductance of Two-Wire Transmission Line
      20. 10.20 Eddy Currents in Integrated Inductors
      21. 10.21 Model of RF Integrated Inductors
      22. 10.22 PCB Inductors
      23. 10.23 Summary
      24. 10.24 Review Questions
      25. 10.25 Problems
      26. References
    18. Chapter 11: RF Power Amplifiers with Dynamic Power Supply
      1. 11.1 Introduction
      2. 11.2 Dynamic Power Supply
      3. 11.3 Amplitude Modulator
      4. 11.4 DC Analysis of PWM Buck Converter Operating in CCM
      5. 11.5 Synchronous Buck Converter as Amplitude Modulator
      6. 11.6 Multiphase Buck Converter
      7. 11.7 Layout
      8. 11.8 Summary
      9. 11.9 Review Questions
      10. 11.10 Problems
      11. References
    19. Chapter 12: Oscillators
      1. 12.1 Introduction
      2. 12.2 Classification of Oscillators
      3. 12.3 General Conditions for Oscillations
      4. 12.4 Topologies of <img xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:ibooks="http://vocabulary.itunes.apple.com/rdf/ibooks/vocabulary-extensions-1.0" src="images/c12-math-0262.png" alt="c12-math-0262" style="vertical-align:middle;"></img> Oscillators with Inverting Amplifier Oscillators with Inverting Amplifier
      5. 12.5 Op-Amp Colpitts Oscillator
      6. 12.6 Single-Transistor Colpitts Oscillator
      7. 12.7 Common-Source Colpitts Oscillator
      8. 12.8 Common-Gate Colpitts Oscillator
      9. 12.9 Common-Drain Colpitts Oscillator
      10. 12.10 Clapp Oscillator
      11. 12.11 Crystal Oscillators
      12. 12.12 CMOS Oscillator
      13. 12.13 Hartley Oscillator
      14. 12.14 Armstrong Oscillator
      15. 12.15 <img xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:ibooks="http://vocabulary.itunes.apple.com/rdf/ibooks/vocabulary-extensions-1.0" src="images/c12-math-0960.png" alt="c12-math-0960" style="vertical-align:middle;"></img> Oscillators with Noninverting Amplifier Oscillators with Noninverting Amplifier
      16. 12.16 Cross-Coupled <img xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:ibooks="http://vocabulary.itunes.apple.com/rdf/ibooks/vocabulary-extensions-1.0" src="images/c12-math-1024.png" alt="c12-math-1024" style="vertical-align:middle;"></img> Oscillators Oscillators
      17. 12.17 Wien-Bridge <img xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:ibooks="http://vocabulary.itunes.apple.com/rdf/ibooks/vocabulary-extensions-1.0" src="images/c12-math-1068.png" alt="c12-math-1068" style="vertical-align:middle;"></img> Oscillator Oscillator
      18. 12.18 Oscillators with Negative Resistance
      19. 12.19 Voltage-Controlled Oscillators
      20. 12.20 Noise in Oscillators
      21. 12.21 Summary
      22. 12.22 Review Questions
      23. 12.23 Problems
      24. References
    20. Appendix
    21. Appendix A: SPICE Model of Power MOSFETs
    22. Appendix B: Introduction to SPICE
    23. Appendix C: Introduction to MATLAB®
    24. Appendix D: Trigonometric Fourier Series
      1. D.1 Even Symmetry
      2. D.2 Odd Symmetry
      3. D.3 Generalized Trigonometric Fourier Series
    25. Appendix E: Circuit Theorems
      1. E.1 Generalized Ohm's Law Theorem
      2. E.2 Current-Source Absorption Theorem
      3. E.3 Voltage-Source Absorption Theorem
      4. E.4 Current-Source Splitting Theorem
      5. E.5 Voltage Source Splitting Theorem
    26. Appendix F: SABER Circuit Simulator
    27. Answers to Problems
      1. Chapter 1
      2. Chapter 2
      3. Chapter 3
      4. Chapter 4
      5. Chapter 5
      6. Chapter 6
      7. Chapter 7
      8. Chapter 8
      9. Chapter 9
      10. Chapter 10
    28. Index
    29. End User License Agreement