O'Reilly logo

RF and Microwave Engineering: Fundamentals of Wireless Communications by Frank Gustrau

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

7.3 Mathematical Treatment of the Hertzian Dipole

The Hertzian dipole is an infinitely small radiating current element. The electromagnetic field of this theoretical antenna can be calculated mathematically in closed form [2, 9, 10]. The current distribution on practical antennas—especially wire antennas—can be represented by Hertzian dipole elements. Furthermore, essential antenna parameters can be illustrated and understood from the example of the Hertzian dipole.

Figure 7.8a shows the geometry of the Hertzian dipole. A time-dependent homogeneous current I flows along the z-axis. The length ell of the element approaches zero, but the product of current and length Iell shall be finite. Time-dependent charges Q and −Q exist at the ends of the current element. We consider harmonic time-dependency and apply complex phasor notation.

Figure 7.8 Hertzian dipole: (a) linear element with uniform current and (b) vertical radiation pattern.

7.8

In order to calculate the electric field strength images/c07_I0030.gif and the magnetic field strength we use the magnetic vector potential as an auxiliary quantity. So, the mathematical ...

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, interactive tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required