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Research Approaches to Sustainable Biomass Systems by Tadashi Hirasawa, Seishu Tojo

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Chapter 12

Thermochemical Transformation of Biomass

Kenichi Yakushido, Yuichi Kobayashi and Hitoshi Kato

Abstract

The generation of energy from biomass is promoted as a measure to combat global warming. There are five main methods for processing biomass: combustion (including for the generation of electricity), carbonization, gasification (again including for the generation of electricity), gasification for methanol synthesis, and ethanol fermentation. Although agricultural biomass is abundant, it is thinly distributed over a wide area, so its practical use requires much time and effort for harvest, preparation, and storage. In particular, because agricultural biomass initially has high water content, it must be dried before it can be used. ...

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