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Research Approaches to Sustainable Biomass Systems by Tadashi Hirasawa, Seishu Tojo

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Chapter 11

Co-Generation by Ethanol Fuel

Hideo Kameyama

Abstract

Steam reforming of ethanol using plate-type alumite catalysts was performed at atmospheric pressure in the temperature range of 300–600°C under space velocity of 50,000 h−1 with the objective of developing a high-performance proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) systems. Alumite catalyst, which is prepared by anodic oxidation of aluminum plate, is advantageous for endothermic steam reforming reactions because of its excellent thermal conductivity. The method to increase durability of the alumite catalysts by preventing carbon formation was studied. The addition of Pt to Ni2Ce2 catalyst leads to satisfactory results in daily start and stop (DSS) tests with 20 cycles, and the ...

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