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Research Approaches to Sustainable Biomass Systems by Tadashi Hirasawa, Seishu Tojo

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Chapter 3

Ecosystems and Biomass Systems

Hiroto Toda, Tomoe Shimizu, Jun Shimada and Takashi Motobayashi

Abstract

In this chapter, ecological and biomass systems of Satoyama, uplands, and paddy fields are introduced. Forests in the Satoyama region provide wood for fire logs to support life of nearby villagers and fallen leaves for compost to make surrounding farmland fertile. The Satoyama management practices also played an important role in maintaining the biodiversity and other important functions of the forests in the Satoyama region. In the section on long-term experimental upland fields, we discuss the impact of tillage and fertilizer application on the soil fauna through the soil detritus food web, and the role of soil fauna in crop production ...

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