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Reliability Characterisation of Electrical and Electronic Systems

Book Description

This book takes a holistic approach to reliability engineering for electrical and electronic systems by looking at the failure mechanisms, testing methods, failure analysis, characterisation techniques and prediction models that can be used to increase reliability for a range of devices.

The text describes the reliability behavior of electrical and electronic systems. It takes an empirical scientific approach to reliability engineering to facilitate a greater understanding of operating conditions, failure mechanisms and the need for testing for a more realistic characterisation. After introducing the fundamentals and background to reliability theory, the text moves on to describe the methods of reliability analysis and charactersation across a wide range of applications.



  • Takes a holistic approach to reliability engineering
  • Looks at the failure mechanisms, testing methods, failure analysis, characterisation techniques and prediction models that can be used to increase reliability
  • Facilitates a greater understanding of operating conditions, failure mechanisms and the need for testing for a more realistic characterisation

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. List of contributors
  6. Woodhead Publishing Series in Electronic and Optical Materials
  7. Foreword
  8. 1: Introduction
    1. Abstract
    2. 1.1 Introduction
    3. 1.2 The focus of the book
    4. 1.3 Reliability science and engineering fundamentals (Chapters 2–4)
    5. 1.4 Reliability methods in component and system development (Chapters 5–9)
    6. 1.5 Reliability modelling and testing in specific applications (Chapters 10 and 11)
    7. 1.6 Conclusion
  9. 2: Reliability and stupidity: mistakes in reliability engineering and how to avoid them
    1. Abstract
    2. 2.1 Introduction
    3. 2.2 Common mistakes in reliability engineering
    4. 2.3 Conclusion
  10. 3: Physics-of-failure (PoF) methodology for electronic reliability
    1. Abstract
    2. 3.1 Introduction
    3. 3.2 Reliability
    4. 3.3 PoF models
    5. 3.4 PoF reliability assessment
    6. 3.5 Applications of PoF to ensure reliability
    7. 3.6 Summary and areas of future interest
  11. 4: Modern instruments for characterizing degradation in electrical and electronic equipment
    1. Abstract
    2. 4.1 Introduction
    3. 4.2 Destructive techniques
    4. 4.3 Nondestructive techniques
    5. 4.4 <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="italic">In situ</span> measurement techniques measurement techniques
    6. 4.5 Conclusions
  12. 5: Reliability building of discrete electronic components
    1. Abstract
    2. 5.1 Introduction
    3. 5.2 Reliability building
    4. 5.3 Failure risks and possible corrective actions
    5. 5.4 Effect of electrostatic discharge on discrete electronic components
    6. 5.5 Conclusions
  13. 6: Reliability of optoelectronics
    1. Abstract
    2. 6.1 Introduction
    3. 6.2 Overview of optoelectronics reliability
    4. 6.3 Approaches and recent developments
    5. 6.4 Case study: reliability of buried heterostructure (BH) InP semiconductor lasers
    6. 6.5 Reliability extrapolation and modeling
    7. 6.6 Electrostatic discharge (ESD) and electrical overstress (EOS)
    8. 6.7 Conclusions
  14. 7: Reliability of silicon integrated circuits
    1. Abstract
    2. Acknowledgments
    3. 7.1 Introduction
    4. 7.2 Reliability characterization approaches
    5. 7.3 Integrated circuit (IC) wear-out failure mechanisms
    6. 7.4 Summary and conclusions
  15. 8: Reliability of emerging nanodevices
    1. Abstract
    2. 8.1 Introduction to emerging nanodevices
    3. 8.2 Material and architectural evolution of nanodevices
    4. 8.3 Failure mechanisms in nanodevices
    5. 8.4 Reliability challenges: opportunities and issues
    6. 8.5 Summary and conclusions
  16. 9: Design considerations for reliable embedded systems
    1. Abstract
    2. 9.1 Introduction
    3. 9.2 Hardware faults
    4. 9.3 Reliable design principles
    5. 9.4 Low-cost reliable design
    6. 9.5 Future research directions
    7. 9.6 Conclusions
  17. 10: Reliability approaches for automotive electronic systems
    1. Abstract
    2. Acknowledgment
    3. 10.1 Introduction
    4. 10.2 Circuit reliability challenges for the automotive industry
    5. 10.3 Circuit reliability checking for the automotive industry
    6. 10.4 Using advanced electronic design automation (EDA) tools
    7. 10.5 Case studies and examples
    8. 10.6 Conclusion
  18. 11: Reliability modeling and accelerated life testing for solar power generation systems
    1. Abstract
    2. 11.1 Introduction
    3. 11.2 Overview
    4. 11.3 Challenges
    5. 11.4 Modeling
    6. 11.5 Accelerated life testing (ALT)
    7. 11.6 ALT example: how to craft a thermal cycling ALT plan for SnAgCu (SAC) solder failure mechanism
    8. 11.7 How to craft a temperature, humidity, and bias ALT plan for CMOS metallization corrosion
    9. 11.8 Developments and opportunities
    10. 11.9 Conclusions
    11. 11.10 Sources of further information
  19. Index