Cover by Andrew K. Dennis

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History and background of Arduino

One of the most popular open source hardware products to have hit the market is the Arduino platform – a branch off of the earlier open-source Wiring platform. Developed in Italy by Massimo Banzi and David Cuartielles in 2005, Arduino is an open source hardware technology coupled with a programming language and an Integrated Development Environment (IDE).

The Arduino platform allows the user to create custom hardware and applications to control it via its namesake programming language.

Currently, there are several board models on the market ranging in size and components. For example, the Lilly Pad allows enthusiasts to attach an Arduino board to clothing for electronic textile-based projects. These boards support ...

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