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Raising Kids Who Read: What Parents and Teachers Can Do by Daniel T. Willingham

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Chapter 8Reading with Fluency

Your child is now a third grader or older. Assuming all has gone more or less to plan, doesn’t he know how to decode by this age? He does, but there are actually two processes of decoding, not one. The first process, more easily observed, develops in kindergarten. The second process, clandestine, develops slowly and is still being fine-tuned as late as high school. It’s this second process that supports fluency, and it’s just as important as the first process, for it enables your child to read quickly and effortlessly. In this chapter, we look at ways to ensure it develops in full.

The Second Type of Decoding: Reading via Spelling

So far I have described decoding as the process by which the reader turns printed ...

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