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Radio Propagation Measurement and Channel Modelling

Book Description

While there are numerous books describing modern wireless communication systems that contain overviews of radio propagation and radio channel modelling, there are none that contain detailed information on the design, implementation and calibration of radio channel measurement equipment, the planning of experiments and the in depth analysis of measured data.

The book would begin with an explanation of the fundamentals of radio wave propagation and progress through a series of topics, including the measurement of radio channel characteristics, radio channel sounders, measurement strategies, data analysis techniques and radio channel modelling. Application of results for the prediction of achievable digital link performance would be discussed with examples pertinent to single carrier, multi-carrier and spread spectrum radio links. This work would address specifics of communications in various different frequency bands for both long range and short range fixed and mobile radio links.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright
  4. Dedication
  5. Foreword
  6. Preface
  7. List of Symbols
  8. Acronyms and Abbreviations
  9. Chapter 1: Radio Wave Fundamentals
    1. 1.1 Maxwell's Equations
    2. 1.2 Free Space Propagation
    3. 1.3 Uniform Plane Wave Propagation
    4. 1.4 Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves in Isotropic and Homogeneous Media
    5. 1.5 Wave Polarization
    6. 1.6 Propagation Mechanisms
    7. 1.7 Propagation in the Earth's Atmosphere
    8. 1.8 Frequency Dispersion of Radio Waves
    9. References
  10. Chapter 2: Radio Wave Transmission
    1. 2.1 Free Space Transmission
    2. 2.2 Transmission Loss of Radio Waves in the Earth's Atmosphere
    3. 2.3 Attenuation Due to Propagation into Buildings
    4. 2.4 Transmission Loss due to Penetration into Vehicles
    5. 2.5 Diffraction Loss
    6. 2.6 Diffraction Loss Models
    7. 2.7 Path Loss Due to Scattering
    8. 2.8 Multipath Propagation: Two-Ray Model
    9. 2.9 General Multipath Propagation
    10. 2.10 Shadow Fading: Medium Scale
    11. 2.11 Measurement-Based Large-Scale Path Loss Models
    12. References
  11. Chapter 3: Radio Channel Models
    1. 3.1 System Model for Ideal Channel: Linear Time-Invariant (LTI) Model
    2. 3.2 Narrowband Single Input–Single Output Channels
    3. 3.3 Wideband Single Input–Single Output Channels
    4. 3.4 System Functions in a Linear Randomly Time-Variant Channel
    5. 3.5 Simplified Channel Functions
    6. 3.6 Coherence Functions
    7. 3.7 Power Delay Profile and Doppler Spectrum
    8. 3.8 Parameters of the Power Delay Profile and Doppler Spectrum
    9. 3.9 The Two-Ray Model Revisited in a Stochastic Channel
    10. 3.10 Multiple Input–Multiple Output Channels
    11. 3.11 Capacity Limitations for MIMO Systems
    12. 3.12 Effect of Correlation Using Stochastic Models
    13. 3.13 Correlation Effects with Physical Channel Models
    14. 3.14 Effect of Number of Scatterers on Channel Capacity
    15. 3.15 Keyholes
    16. 3.16 Rician Channels
    17. 3.17 Wideband MIMO Channels
    18. References
  12. Chapter 4: Radio Channel Sounders
    1. 4.1 Echoes of Sound and Radio
    2. 4.2 Definitions and Objectives of Radio Sounders and Radar
    3. 4.3 Waveforms
    4. 4.4 Single-Tone CW Waveforms
    5. 4.5 Single-Tone Measurements
    6. 4.6 Spaced Tone Waveform
    7. 4.7 Pulse Waveform
    8. 4.8 Pulse Compression Waveforms
    9. 4.9 Coded Pulse Signals
    10. 4.10 Serial Correlation Detection of Coded Transmission
    11. 4.11 Comment Regarding Coded Transmission
    12. 4.12 Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave (FMCW) Signal
    13. 4.13 Range Doppler Ambiguity of Chirp Signals: Advanced Waveforms
    14. 4.14 Architectures of Chirp Sounders
    15. 4.15 Monostatic Operation of FMCW Sounder/Radar
    16. 4.16 Single and Multiple Antenna Sounder Architectures
    17. 4.17 Ultra-wideband (UWB) Channel Sounders
    18. 4.18 Sounder Design
    19. 4.19 Performance Tests of a Channel Sounder and Calibration
    20. 4.20 Overall Data Acquisition and Calibration
    21. References
  13. Chapter 5: Data Analysis
    1. 5.1 Data Validation
    2. 5.2 Spectral Analysis via the Discrete Fourier Transform
    3. 5.3 DFT Analysis of the FMCW Channel Sounder Using a Heterodyne Detector
    4. 5.4 Spectral Analysis of Network Analyzer Data via the IDFT
    5. 5.5 DFT Analysis of CW Measurements for Estimation of the Doppler Spectrum
    6. 5.6 Estimation of the Channel Frequency Response via the Hilbert Transform
    7. 5.7 Parametric Modelling
    8. 5.8 Estimation of Power Delay Profile
    9. 5.9 Small-Scale Characterization
    10. 5.10 Medium/Large-Scale Characterization
    11. 5.11 Multiple Antenna Array Processing for Estimation of Direction of Arrival
    12. 5.12 Practical Considerations of DOA Estimation
    13. 5.13 Estimation of MIMO Capacity
    14. References
  14. Chapter 6: Radio Link Performance Prediction
    1. 6.1 Radio Link Simulators
    2. 6.2 Narrowband Stochastic Radio Channel Simulator
    3. 6.3 Wideband Stochastic Channel Simulator
    4. 6.4 Frequency Domain Implementation Using Fast Convolution
    5. 6.5 Channel Block Realization from Measured Data
    6. 6.6 Theoretical Prediction of System Performance in Additive White Gaussian Noise
    7. 6.7 Prediction of System Performance in Fading Channels
    8. 6.8 Bit Error Rate Prediction for Wireless Standards
    9. 6.9 Enhancement of Performance Using Diversity Gain
    10. References
  15. Appendix 1
    1. A.1 Probability Distribution Functions
    2. A.2 The Gaussian (Normal) Distribution
    3. A.3 The Rayleigh Distribution
    4. A.4 The Rician Distribution
    5. A.5 The Nakagami m-Distribution
    6. A.6 The Weibull Distribution
    7. A.7 The Log-Normal Distribution
    8. A.8 The Suzuki Distribution
    9. A.9 The Chi-Square Distribution
    10. References
  16. Appendix 2
  17. Index