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R in Action

Cover of R in Action by Robert Kabacoff Published by Manning Publications
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Chapter 6. Basic graphs


This chapter covers
  • Bar, box, and dot plots
  • Pie and fan charts
  • Histograms and kernel density plots


Whenever we analyze data, the first thing that we should do is look at it. For each variable, what are the most common values? How much variability is present? Are there any unusual observations? R provides a wealth of functions for visualizing data. In this chapter, we’ll look at graphs that help you understand a single categorical or continuous variable. This topic includes

  • Visualizing the distribution of variable
  • Comparing groups on an outcome variable

In both cases, the variable could be continuous (for example, car mileage as miles per gallon) or categorical (for example, treatment outcome as none, some, or ...

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