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R Graphs Cookbook by Hrishi Mittal

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Adding and formatting legends

In this recipe, we will learn how to add and format legends to graphs.

Getting ready

First we need to load the cityrain.csv example data file, which contains monthly rainfall data for four major cities across the world. You can download this file from the code download section of the book's companion website:

rain<-read.csv("cityrain.csv",header=TRUE)

How to do it...

In the bar plots recipe, we already saw that we can add a legend by passing the legend argument to the barplot() function. Now we see how we can use the legend() function to add and customize a legend for any type of graph.

Let's first draw a graph with multiple lines representing the rainfall in cities:

plot(rain$Tokyo,type="l",col="red", ylim=c(0,300), main="Monthly ...

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