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R Graphics, Second Edition, 2nd Edition

Book Description

Extensively updated to reflect the evolution of statistics and computing, the second edition of the bestselling R Graphics comes complete with new packages and new examples. Paul Murrell, widely known as the leading expert on R graphics, has developed an in-depth resource that helps both neophyte and seasoned users master the intricacies of R graphics.

New in the Second Edition

  • Updated information on the core graphics engine, the traditional graphics system, the grid graphics system, and the lattice package
  • A new chapter on the ggplot2 package
  • New chapters on applications and extensions of R Graphics, including geographic maps, dynamic and interactive graphics, and node-and-edge graphs

Organized into five parts, R Graphics covers both "traditional" and newer, R-specific graphics systems. The book reviews the graphics facilities of the R language and describes R’s powerful grid graphics system. It then covers the graphics engine, which represents a common set of fundamental graphics facilities, and provides a series of brief overviews of the major areas of application for R graphics and the major extensions of R graphics.

Table of Contents

  1. Preliminaries
  2. Series
    1. What this book is about
    2. Changes in the second edition
    3. What this book is <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cItalic">still</span> not about not about
    4. Who should read this book
    5. Conventions used in this book
    6. On the web
    7. Version information
    8. Acknowledgments
    1. 1.1 <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cVariable">R</span> graphics examples graphics examples
      1. 1.1.1 Standard plots
      2. 1.1.2 Trellis plots
      3. 1.1.3 The Grammar of Graphics
      4. 1.1.4 Specialized plots
      5. 1.1.5 General graphical scenes
    2. 1.2 The organization of <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cVariable">R</span> graphics graphics
      1. 1.2.1 Types of graphics functions
      2. 1.2.2 Traditional graphics versus <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">grid</span> graphics graphics
      1. Figure 1.1
      2. Figure 1.2
      3. Figure 1.3
      4. Figure 1.4
      5. Figure 1.5
      6. Figure 1.6
      7. Figure 1.7
      8. Figure 1.8
      9. Figure 1.9
      10. Figure 1.10
      11. Figure 1.11
      12. Figure 1.12
      13. Figure 1.13
      14. Figure 1.14
  3. Part I TRADITIONAL GRAPHICS
      1. 2.1 The traditional graphics model
      2. 2.2 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="code">plot()</span> function function
      3. 2.3 Plots of a single variable
      4. 2.4 Plots of two variables
      5. 2.5 Plots of many variables
      6. 2.6 Arguments to graphics functions
        1. 2.6.1 Standard arguments to graphics functions
      7. 2.7 Specialized plots
      8. 2.8 Interactive graphics
        1. Figure 2.1
        2. Figure 2.2
        3. Figure 2.3
        4. Figure 2.4
        5. Figure 2.5
        6. Figure 2.6
        7. Figure 2.7
        8. Figure 2.8
        9. Figure 2.9
        1. Table 2.1
        2. Table 2.2
        3. Table 2.3
      1. 3.1 The traditional graphics model in more detail
        1. 3.1.1 Plotting regions
          1. Coordinate systems
        2. 3.1.2 The traditional graphics state
      2. 3.2 Controlling the appearance of plots
        1. 3.2.1 Colors
          1. Fill patterns
        2. 3.2.2 Lines
        3. 3.2.3 Text
          1. Text size
          2. Specifying fonts
          3. Justification of text
          4. Rotating text
          5. Multi-line text
        4. 3.2.4 Data symbols
        5. 3.2.5 Axes
        6. 3.2.6 Plotting regions
          1. Outer margins
          2. Figure regions
          3. Figure margins
          4. Plot regions
        7. 3.2.7 Clipping
        8. 3.2.8 Moving to a new plot
      3. 3.3 Arranging multiple plots
        1. 3.3.1 Using the traditional graphics state
        2. 3.3.2 Layouts
        3. 3.3.3 The split-screen approach
      4. 3.4 Annotating plots
        1. 3.4.1 Annotating the plot region
          1. Graphical primitives
          2. Graphical utilities
          3. Missing values and non-finite values
        2. 3.4.2 Annotating the margins
        3. 3.4.3 Legends
        4. 3.4.4 Axes
        5. 3.4.5 Coordinate systems
          1. The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="code">par()</span> function function
          2. Overlaying output
        6. 3.4.6 Special cases
          1. Obscure scales on axes
          2. Functions that draw several plots
          3. 3D plots
      5. 3.5 Creating new plots
        1. 3.5.1 A simple plot from scratch
        2. 3.5.2 A more complex plot from scratch
        3. 3.5.3 Writing traditional graphics functions
          1. Helper functions
          2. Argument lists
          3. Plot methods
          4. A graphics function template
        1. Figure 3.1
        2. Figure 3.2
        3. Figure 3.3
        4. Figure 3.4
        5. Figure 3.5
        6. Figure 3.6
        7. Figure 3.7
        8. Figure 3.8
        9. Figure 3.9
        10. Figure 3.10
        11. Figure 3.11
        12. Figure 3.12
        13. Figure 3.13
        14. Figure 3.14
        15. Figure 3.15
        16. Figure 3.16
        17. Figure 3.17
        18. Figure 3.18
        19. Figure 3.19
        20. Figure 3.20
        21. Figure 3.21
        22. Figure 3.22
        23. Figure 3.23
        24. Figure 3.24
        25. Figure 3.25
        26. Figure 3.26
        27. Figure 3.27
        28. Figure 3.28
        1. Table 3.1
        2. Table 3.2
        3. Table 3.3
        4. Table 3.4
        5. Table 3.5
  4. Part II GRID GRAPHICS
      1. 4.1 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">lattice</span> graphics model graphics model
        1. 4.1.1 Why another graphics system?
      2. 4.2 <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">lattice</span> plot types plot types
      3. 4.3 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="code">formula</span> argument and multipanel conditioning argument and multipanel conditioning
      4. 4.4 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="code">group</span> argument and legends argument and legends
      5. 4.5 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="code">layout</span> argument and arranging plots argument and arranging plots
      6. 4.6 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="code">scales</span> argument and labeling axes argument and labeling axes
      7. 4.7 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="code">panel</span> argument and annotating plots argument and annotating plots
        1. 4.7.1 Adding output to a <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">lattice</span> plot plot
      8. 4.8 <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="code">par.settings</span> and graphical parameters and graphical parameters
      9. 4.9 Extending <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">lattice</span> plots plots
        1. 4.9.1 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">latticeExtra</span> package package
        1. Figure 4.1
        2. Figure 4.2
        3. Figure 4.3
        4. Figure 4.4
        5. Figure 4.5
        6. Figure 4.6
        7. Figure 4.7
        8. Figure 4.8
        9. Figure 4.9
        10. Figure 4.10
        11. Figure 4.11
        12. Figure 4.12
        13. Figure 4.13
        1. Table 4.1
        2. Table 4.2
        3. Table 4.3
        4. Table 4.4
      1. 5.1 Quick plots
      2. 5.2 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">ggplot2</span> graphics model graphics model
        1. 5.2.1 Why another graphics system?
        2. 5.2.2 An example data set
      3. 5.3 Data
      4. 5.4 Geoms and aesthetics
      5. 5.5 Scales
      6. 5.6 Statistical transformations
      7. 5.7 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="code">group</span> aesthetic aesthetic
      8. 5.8 Position adjustments
      9. 5.9 Coordinate transformations
      10. 5.10 Facets
      11. 5.11 Themes
      12. 5.12 Annotating
      13. 5.13 Extending <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">ggplot2</span>
        1. Figure 5.1
        2. Figure 5.2
        3. Figure 5.3
        4. Figure 5.4
        5. Figure 5.5
        6. Figure 5.6
        7. Figure 5.7
        8. Figure 5.8
        9. Figure 5.9
        10. Figure 5.10
        11. Figure 5.11
        12. Figure 5.12
        13. Figure 5.13
        14. Figure 5.14
        15. Figure 5.15
        1. Table 5.1
        2. Table 5.2
        3. Table 5.3
        4. Table 5.4
      1. 6.1 A brief overview of <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">grid</span> graphics graphics
        1. 6.1.1 A simple example
      2. 6.2 Graphical primitives
        1. 6.2.1 Standard arguments
        2. 6.2.2 Clipping
      3. 6.3 Coordinate systems
        1. 6.3.1 Conversion functions
        2. 6.3.2 Complex units
      4. 6.4 Controlling the appearance of output
        1. 6.4.1 Specifying graphical parameter settings
        2. 6.4.2 Vectorized graphical parameter settings
      5. 6.5 Viewports
        1. 6.5.1 Pushing, popping, and navigating between viewports
          1. Drawing between viewports
        2. 6.5.2 Clipping to viewports
        3. 6.5.3 Viewport lists, stacks, and trees
          1. Viewport paths
        4. 6.5.4 Viewports as arguments to graphical primitives
        5. 6.5.5 Graphical parameter settings in viewports
        6. 6.5.6 Layouts
          1. A simple layout
          2. A layout with units
          3. A nested layout
      6. 6.6 Missing values and non-finite values
      7. 6.7 Interactive graphics
      8. 6.8 Customizing <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">lattice</span> plots plots
        1. 6.8.1 Adding <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">grid</span> output to output to <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">lattice</span> output output
        2. 6.8.2 Adding <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">lattice</span> output to output to <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">grid</span> output output
      9. 6.9 Customizing <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">ggplot2</span> output output
        1. 6.9.1 Adding <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">grid</span> output to output to <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">ggplot2</span> output output
        2. 6.9.2 Adding <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">ggplot2</span> output to output to <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">grid</span> output output
        1. Figure 6.1
        2. Figure 6.2
        3. Figure 6.3
        4. Figure 6.4
        5. Figure 6.5
        6. Figure 6.6
        7. Figure 6.7
        8. Figure 6.8
        9. Figure 6.9
        10. Figure 6.10
        11. Figure 6.11
        12. Figure 6.12
        13. Figure 6.13
        14. Figure 6.14
        15. Figure 6.15
        16. Figure 6.16
        17. Figure 6.17
        18. Figure 6.18
        19. Figure 6.19
        20. Figure 6.20
        21. Figure 6.21
        22. Figure 6.22
        23. Figure 6.23
        24. Figure 6.24
        25. Figure 6.25
        26. Figure 6.26
        1. Table 6.1
        2. Table 6.2
        3. Table 6.3
        4. Table 6.4
      1. 7.1 Working with graphical output
        1. 7.1.1 Standard functions and arguments
      2. 7.2 Grob lists, trees, and paths
        1. 7.2.1 Graphical parameter settings in gTrees
        2. 7.2.2 Viewports as components of gTrees
        3. 7.2.3 Searching for grobs
      3. 7.3 Working with graphical objects off-screen
        1. 7.3.1 Capturing output
      4. 7.4 Placing and packing grobs in frames
        1. 7.4.1 Placing and packing off-screen
      5. 7.5 Other details about grobs
        1. 7.5.1 Calculating the sizes of grobs
        2. 7.5.2 Calculating the positions of grobs
        3. 7.5.3 Editing graphical context
      6. 7.6 Saving and loading <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">grid</span> graphics graphics
      7. 7.7 Working with <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">lattice</span> grobs grobs
      8. 7.8 Working with <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">ggplot2</span> grobs grobs
        1. Figure 7.1
        2. Figure 7.2
        3. Figure 7.3
        4. Figure 7.4
        5. Figure 7.5
        6. Figure 7.6
        7. Figure 7.7
        8. Figure 7.8
        9. Figure 7.9
        10. Figure 7.10
        11. Figure 7.11
        12. Figure 7.12
        13. Figure 7.13
        1. Table 7.1
      1. 8.1 An example
        1. 8.1.1 Modularity
      2. 8.2 Simple graphics functions
        1. 8.2.1 Embedding graphical output
        2. 8.2.2 Facilitating annotation
        3. 8.2.3 Editing output
        4. 8.2.4 Absolute versus relative sizes
      3. 8.3 Graphical objects
        1. 8.3.1 Overview of creating a new graphical class
        2. 8.3.2 Defining a new graphical class
          1. Summary of creating a new graphical class
        3. 8.3.3 Validating grobs
          1. Default validating behavior
          2. The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="code">imageGrob</span> example example
        4. 8.3.4 Drawing grobs
          1. Default drawing behavior
          2. The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="code">imageGrob</span> example example
          3. An <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="code">ozGrob</span> example example
          4. An <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="code">ozImage</span> example example
        5. 8.3.5 Editing grobs
          1. Default editing behavior
          2. The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="code">imageGrob</span> example example
          3. The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="code">ozGrob</span> example example
          4. The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="code">ozImage</span> example example
          5. The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="code">imageGrob</span> example again example again
          6. The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="code">ozImage</span> example again example again
        6. 8.3.6 Querying grobs
          1. Default sizing behavior
          2. A <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="code">ribbonLegend</span> example example
        7. 8.3.7 Pre-drawing and post-drawing
          1. Default pre/post-drawing behavior
        8. 8.3.8 Summary of graphical object methods
        9. 8.3.9 Completing the example
        10. 8.3.10 Reusing graphical elements
        11. 8.3.11 Other details
          1. Extending other grobs
          2. Display lists
          3. Calculations during drawing
          4. Avoiding argument explosion
          5. Mixing graphical functions and graphical objects
      4. 8.4 Debugging <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">grid</span>
        1. Figure 8.1
        2. Figure 8.2
        3. Figure 8.3
        4. Figure 8.4
        5. Figure 8.5
        6. Figure 8.6
        7. Figure 8.7
        8. Figure 8.8
        9. Figure 8.9
        10. Figure 8.10
        11. Figure 8.11
        12. Figure 8.12
        13. Figure 8.13
        14. Figure 8.14
        15. Figure 8.15
        16. Figure 8.16
        17. Figure 8.17
        18. Figure 8.18
        19. Figure 8.19
        20. Figure 8.20
        21. Figure 8.21
        22. Figure 8.22
        23. Figure 8.23
        24. Figure 8.24
        25. Figure 8.25
        26. Figure 8.26
        27. Figure 8.27
  5. Part III THE GRAPHICS ENGINE
      1. 9.1 Graphics devices
      2. 9.2 Graphical output formats
        1. 9.2.1 Vector formats
          1. PDF
          2. PostScript
          3. SVG
          4. Windows Metafile
        2. 9.2.2 Raster formats
      3. 9.3 Including <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cVariable">R</span> graphics in other documents graphics in other documents
        1. 9.3.1 L<span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cSmCap">A</span>TEXTEX
        2. 9.3.2 “Productivity” software
        3. 9.3.3 Web pages
      4. 9.4 Device-specific features
      5. 9.5 Multiple pages of output
      6. 9.6 Display lists
      7. 9.7 Extension packages
        1. Table 9.1
        2. Table 9.2
      1. 10.1 Colors
        1. 10.1.1 Semitransparent colors
        2. 10.1.2 Converting colors
        3. 10.1.3 Color sets
        4. 10.1.4 Device Dependency of Color Specifications
      2. 10.2 Line styles
        1. 10.2.1 Line widths
        2. 10.2.2 Line types
        3. 10.2.3 Line ends and joins
      3. 10.3 Data symbols
      4. 10.4 Fonts
        1. 10.4.1 Font family
        2. 10.4.2 Font face
        3. 10.4.3 Multi-line text
        4. 10.4.4 Locales
      5. 10.5 Mathematical formulae
        1. Figure 10.1
        2. Figure 10.2
        3. Figure 10.3
        4. Figure 10.4
        1. Table 10.1
        2. Table 10.2
        3. Table 10.3
  6. Part IV GRAPHICS PACKAGES
      1. 11.1 Tricks with text
        1. 11.1.1 Drawing formatted text on a plot
        2. 11.1.2 Avoiding text overlaps
      2. 11.2 Peculiar primitives
        1. 11.2.1 Confidence bars
      3. 11.3 Calculations on colors
        1. 11.3.1 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">colorspace</span> package package
        2. 11.3.2 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">RColorBrewer</span> package package
        3. 11.3.3 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">munsell</span> package package
        4. 11.3.4 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">dichromat</span> package package
      4. 11.4 Custom coordinates
        1. 11.4.1 Converting between traditional coordinate systems
        2. 11.4.2 Subplots
      5. 11.5 Atypical axes
        1. Figure 11.1
        2. Figure 11.2
        3. Figure 11.3
        4. Figure 11.4
        5. Figure 11.5
        6. Figure 11.6
        7. Figure 11.7
        8. Figure 11.8
        9. Figure 11.9
        10. Figure 11.10
        11. Figure 11.11
        12. Figure 11.12
        13. Figure 11.13
      1. 12.1 Venn diagrams
      2. 12.2 Chernoff faces
      3. 12.3 Ternary plots
        1. 12.3.1 Soil texture diagrams
      4. 12.4 Polar plots
        1. 12.4.1 Wind roses
      5. 12.5 Hexagonal binning
        1. Figure 12.1
        2. Figure 12.2
        3. Figure 12.3
        4. Figure 12.4
        5. Figure 12.5
        6. Figure 12.6
        7. Figure 12.7
      1. 13.1 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">vcd</span> package package
      2. 13.2 XMM-Newton
      3. 13.3 Plots of categorical data
      4. 13.4 Categorical data on the y-axis
      5. 13.5 Visualizing contingency tables
      6. 13.6 Categorical plot matrices
      7. 13.7 Multipanel categorical plots
      8. 13.8 Customizing categorical plots
      9. 13.9 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">vcdExtra</span> package package
        1. Figure 13.1
        2. Figure 13.2
        3. Figure 13.3
        4. Figure 13.4
        5. Figure 13.5
        6. Figure 13.6
        7. Figure 13.7
        8. Figure 13.8
      1. 14.1 Map data
        1. 14.1.1 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">maps</span> package package
        2. 14.1.2 Shapefiles
      2. 14.2 Map annotation
      3. 14.3 Complex polygons
      4. 14.4 Map projections
      5. 14.5 Raster maps
      6. 14.6 Other packages
        1. Figure 14.1
        2. Figure 14.2
        3. Figure 14.3
        4. Figure 14.4
        5. Figure 14.5
        6. Figure 14.6
        7. Figure 14.7
        8. Figure 14.8
        9. Figure 14.9
        10. Figure 14.10
        11. Figure 14.11
      1. 15.1 Creating graphs
        1. 15.1.1 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">graph</span> package package
      2. 15.2 Graph layout and rendering
        1. 15.2.1 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">Rgraphviz</span> package package
        2. 15.2.2 Graph attributes
        3. 15.2.3 Customization
        4. 15.2.4 Output formats
        5. 15.2.5 Hypergraphs
      3. 15.3 Other packages
        1. 15.3.1 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">igraph</span> package package
        2. 15.3.2 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">network</span> package package
      4. 15.4 Diagrams
        1. 15.4.1 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">diagram</span> and and <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">shape</span> packages packages
        1. Figure 15.1
        2. Figure 15.2
        3. Figure 15.3
        4. Figure 15.4
        5. Figure 15.5
        6. Figure 15.6
        7. Figure 15.7
        8. Figure 15.8
        9. Figure 15.9
        10. Figure 15.10
      1. 16.1 3D graphics concepts
      2. 16.2 The Canterbury earthquake
      3. 16.3 Traditional graphics
      4. 16.4 <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">lattice</span> graphics graphics
      5. 16.5 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">scatterplot3d</span> package package
      6. 16.6 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">rgl</span> package package
      7. 16.7 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">vrmlgen</span> package package
        1. Figure 16.1
        2. Figure 16.2
        3. Figure 16.3
        4. Figure 16.4
        5. Figure 16.5
        6. Figure 16.6
        7. Figure 16.7
        8. Figure 16.8
        9. Figure 16.9
        10. Figure 16.10
        11. Figure 16.11
      1. 17.1 Dynamic graphics
        1. 17.1.1 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">animation</span> package package
      2. 17.2 Interactive graphics
        1. 17.2.1 Tools and techniques
        2. 17.2.2 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">rggobi</span> package package
          1. Tours
        3. 17.2.3 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">iplots</span> package package
          1. Developing new interactive plots
      3. 17.3 Graphics GUIs
        1. 17.3.1 GUIs for <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cVariable">R</span>
        2. 17.3.2 GUI toolkits
          1. An interactive clock
          2. The gWidgets package
      4. 17.4 Interactive graphics for the web
        1. Figure 17.1
        2. Figure 17.2
        3. Figure 17.3
        4. Figure 17.4
        5. Figure 17.5
        6. Figure 17.6
        7. Figure 17.7
        8. Figure 17.8
        9. Figure 17.9
        10. Figure 17.10
        11. Figure 17.11
        12. Figure 17.12
        13. Figure 17.13
        14. Figure 17.14
        15. Figure 17.15
        16. Figure 17.16
      1. 18.1 The Moon and the tides
      2. 18.2 Importing raster graphics
        1. 18.2.1 Manipulating raster images
      3. 18.3 Importing vector graphics
        1. 18.3.1 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">grImport</span> package package
        2. 18.3.2 Manipulating vector images
        1. Figure 18.1
        2. Figure 18.2
        3. Figure 18.3
        4. Figure 18.4
        5. Figure 18.5
        6. Figure 18.6
        1. Table 18.1
      1. 19.1 The <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">gridBase</span> package package
        1. 19.1.1 Annotating traditional graphics using <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">grid</span>
        2. 19.1.2 Traditional graphics in <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" class="cBold">grid</span> viewports viewports
        3. 19.1.3 Problems and limitations
        1. Figure 19.1
        2. Figure 19.2