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R: Data Analysis and Visualization by Ágnes Vidovics-Dancs, Kata Váradi, Tamás Vadász, Ágnes Tuza, Balázs Árpád Szucs, Julia Molnár, Péter Medvegyev, Balázs Márkus, István Margitai, Péter Juhász, Dániel Havran, Gergely Gabler, Barbara Dömötör, Gergely Daróczi, Ádám Banai, Milán Badics, Ferenc Illés, Edina Berlinger, Bater Makhabel, Hrishi V. Mittal, Jaynal Abedin, Brett Lantz, Tony Fischetti

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Exotic options embedded in structured products

Most of the time, exotic options are traded in camouflage; they are embedded in structured bonds or certificates. The exotic behavior is translated into a much more user-friendly language that is easier to understand by an everyday investor. For example, a binary payout can be calculated into a coupon yield; the investor gets a higher coupon if the circumstances let the binary option give its payout. A structure that includes a knock-out option could be called an airbag certificate, since as far as a long KO option is not knocked-out, it gives some protection against market losses, similar to an airbag that protects the driver in case of a less serious accident.

Another example is a turbo certificate, ...

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