O'Reilly logo

R: Data Analysis and Visualization by Ágnes Vidovics-Dancs, Kata Váradi, Tamás Vadász, Ágnes Tuza, Balázs Árpád Szucs, Julia Molnár, Péter Medvegyev, Balázs Márkus, István Margitai, Péter Juhász, Dániel Havran, Gergely Gabler, Barbara Dömötör, Gergely Daróczi, Ádám Banai, Milán Badics, Ferenc Illés, Edina Berlinger, Bater Makhabel, Hrishi V. Mittal, Jaynal Abedin, Brett Lantz, Tony Fischetti

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

Smaller samples

Remember when I said that the sampling distribution of sample means is approximately normal for a large enough sample size? This caveat means that for smaller sample sizes (usually considered to be below 30), the sampling distribution of the sample means is not well approximated by a normal distribution. It is, however, well approximated by another distribution: the t-distribution.

Note

A bit of history…

The t-distribution is also known as the Student's t-distribution. It gets its name from the 1908 paper that introduces it, by William Sealy Gosset writing under the pen name Student. Gosset worked as a statistician at the Guinness Brewery and used the t-distribution and the related t-test to study small samples of the quality of the ...

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, interactive tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required