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R: Data Analysis and Visualization by Ágnes Vidovics-Dancs, Kata Váradi, Tamás Vadász, Ágnes Tuza, Balázs Árpád Szucs, Julia Molnár, Péter Medvegyev, Balázs Márkus, István Margitai, Péter Juhász, Dániel Havran, Gergely Gabler, Barbara Dömötör, Gergely Daróczi, Ádám Banai, Milán Badics, Ferenc Illés, Edina Berlinger, Bater Makhabel, Hrishi V. Mittal, Jaynal Abedin, Brett Lantz, Tony Fischetti

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Interval estimation

Again, we care about the standard error (the standard deviation of the sampling distribution of sample means) because it expresses the degree of uncertainty we have in our estimation. Because of this, it's not uncommon for statisticians to report the standard error along with their estimate.

What's more common, though, is for statisticians to report a range of numbers to describe their estimates; this is called interval estimation. In contrast, when we were just providing the sample mean as our estimate of the population mean, we were engaging in point estimation.

One common approach to interval estimation is to use confidence intervals. A confidence interval gives us a range over which a significant proportion of the sample ...

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