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R: Data Analysis and Visualization by Ágnes Vidovics-Dancs, Kata Váradi, Tamás Vadász, Ágnes Tuza, Balázs Árpád Szucs, Julia Molnár, Péter Medvegyev, Balázs Márkus, István Margitai, Péter Juhász, Dániel Havran, Gergely Gabler, Barbara Dömötör, Gergely Daróczi, Ádám Banai, Milán Badics, Ferenc Illés, Edina Berlinger, Bater Makhabel, Hrishi V. Mittal, Jaynal Abedin, Brett Lantz, Tony Fischetti

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Central tendency

One very popular question to ask about univariate data is What is the typical value? or What's the value around which the data are centered?. To answer these questions, we have to measure the central tendency of a set of data.

We've seen one measure of central tendency already: the mode. The mtcars$carburetors data subset was bimodal, with a two and four carburetor setup being the most popular. The mode is the central tendency measure that is applicable to categorical data.

The mode of a discretized continuous distribution is usually considered to be the interval that contains the highest frequency of data points. This makes it dependent on the method and parameters of the binning. Finding the mode of data from a non-discretized ...

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