A company file is where you store your company’s financial records in QuickBooks, so it’s the first thing you need to work on in the program. You can create a company file from scratch or convert records previously kept in a different small-business accounting program, Quicken, or even another edition of QuickBooks like QuickBooks for Mac. If you’re new to bookkeeping, another approach is to use a file that someone else created. For example, if you’ve worked with an accountant to set up your company, she might provide you with a QuickBooks company file already configured for your business so you can hit the ground running.
This chapter starts by explaining how to launch your copy of QuickBooks. Then, if you need to create your own company file, you’ll learn how to use the QuickBooks Setup dialog box or the EasyStep Interview to get started (and find out which other chapters explain how to finish the job). If you’re converting your records from another program, this chapter provides some hints for making the transition as smooth as possible. Finally, you’ll learn how to open a company file, update one to a new version of QuickBooks, and modify basic company information.
Desktop icon. Double-click the desktop shortcut that QuickBooks created during installation.
Windows taskbar. The fastest way to open QuickBooks in Windows 7 is to click its icon on the Windows taskbar, shown in Figure 1-1—but first you have to put it there. To do that, right-click the QuickBooks desktop icon and then, on the shortcut menu that appears, choose “Pin to Taskbar.” In Windows 8, pinning the QuickBooks desktop icon to the Start screen takes a few more steps: Point the cursor at the screen’s upper-right corner to display the Charms menu, click Search, type quickbooks in the Search box, and then press Enter. When you see the QuickBooks icon, right-click it, and then choose “Pin to Start.”
Figure 1-1. Windows’ taskbar keeps your favorite icons near at hand. The taskbar is easy to reach, because program windows don’t hide it the way they do desktop shortcuts. You can rename desktop icons, as was done here. To do that, right-click the icon, and then choose Rename on the shortcut menu. Type the label you want to use, and then press Enter.
Start menu. You can also launch QuickBooks from the Start menu in Windows 7. Click Start→QuickBooks Pro 2014 (or QuickBooks Premier 2014). If QuickBooks isn’t already listed in the Start menu, choose Start→All Programs→QuickBooks→QuickBooks Pro 2014 (or QuickBooks Premier 2014). This method doesn’t apply to Windows 8, because it doesn’t have a Start menu.
The first time you launch QuickBooks, you’re greeted by the QuickBooks Setup dialog box, whose sole purpose is to help you create a company file in one way or another. The rest of this chapter explains how to create a company file and then how to open company files you create. After that, you’ll be ready to dive into bookkeeping.
If you’ve just started a business and want to inaugurate your books with QuickBooks, your prep work will be a snap. If, on the other hand, you have existing records for your business, you have a few small tasks to complete before you jump into QuickBooks’ setup. Whether your books are paper ledgers or electronic files in another program, gather your company information before you open QuickBooks. That way, you can hunker down in front of your computer and crank out a company file in record time. This section explains what you need to create a company file in QuickBooks.
To keep your entire financial history at your fingertips, you need to put every transaction and speck of financial information in your QuickBooks company file. But you have better things to do than enter years’ worth of checks, invoices, and deposits, so the comprehensive approach is practical only if you just recently started your company.
The more realistic approach is to enter your financial data into QuickBooks starting as of a specific date and, from then on, add all new transactions to QuickBooks. The date you choose is called the start date. (The start date isn’t something that you enter in a field in QuickBooks; it’s simply the earliest transaction date in your company file.) You shouldn’t choose it randomly. Here are your start date options and the ramifications of each one:
The last day of the previous fiscal year. The best choice is to fill in your records for the entire current fiscal year. To do that, use the last day of your company’s previous fiscal year as the company file start date. That way, the account balances on your start date are like the ending balances on a bank statement, and you’re ready to start bookkeeping fresh on the first day of the fiscal year.
Yes, you have to enter checks, credit card charges, invoices, payments, and other transactions that have happened since the beginning of your fiscal year (see the box on Entering History in the Right Order), but that won’t take as much time as you think. And you’ll regain those hours when tax time rolls around, as you nimbly generate the reports you need to complete your tax returns.
If more than half of your fiscal year has already passed, the best approach is to be patient and postpone your QuickBooks setup until the next fiscal year. (Intuit releases new versions of QuickBooks in October or November each year for just that reason.) But waiting isn’t always feasible. In cases like that, go with the next option in this list.
For practice, you can start entering transactions that occur after the closing date of your bank statement from the month before you begin entering transactions in QuickBooks. For example, if you plan to start tracking your business finances in QuickBooks starting January 1, grab the bank statement whose closing date is before that (December 15, say). In QuickBooks, record all the transactions that occurred between that statement’s opening and closing dates—November 16 through December 15, in this example. Then, you can practice reconciling that statement with your QuickBooks records (Reconciling Accounts).
The last day of the previous fiscal period. The next best start date is the last day of the previous fiscal quarter (or fiscal month, at the very least). Since your company file won’t contain a full year’s worth of detail if you go this route, you might have to switch between QuickBooks and your old filing cabinets to prepare your tax returns and look up financial information.
Unless you begin using QuickBooks when you start your business, you need to know your account balances as of your selected start date to get things rolling. For example, if your checking account has $342 at the end of the year, that value goes into QuickBooks during setup. You also need every transaction that’s happened since the start date you chose—expenses you’ve incurred, sales you’ve made, payroll and tax transactions, and so on—to establish your asset, liability, equity, income, and expense accounts. So dig that information out of your existing accounting system (or shoebox). (If you don’t want to record individual transactions, the box on Summarizing Midyear Account Balances tells you how to quickly enter your account totals as of a specific date.)
Here are the balances and transactions you need and where you can find them in your records:
Cash balances. For each bank account you use in your business (checking, savings, money market, and so on), find the bank statements with statement dates as close to—but earlier than—the start date of your QuickBooks company file. Gather deposit slips and your checkbook register to identify the transactions that haven’t yet cleared; you’ll need them to enter transactions, unless you download transactions from your bank (Banking Online Using Express Mode). If you have petty cash lying around, count it and use that number to set up your petty cash account (Paying with Cash).
Customer balances. If customers owe you money, pull the paper copy of every unpaid invoice or statement out of your filing cabinet (or find the electronic versions you saved on your computer) so you can give QuickBooks what it needs to calculate your Accounts Receivable balance. If you didn’t keep copies, you can ask your customers for copies of the invoices they haven’t paid or simply create invoices in QuickBooks to match the payments you receive.
Vendor balances. If your company thinks handing out cash before you have to is more painful than data entry, find the bills you haven’t yet paid and get ready to enter them in QuickBooks so you can generate your Accounts Payable balance. (Or, to reduce the number of transactions you have to enter, simply pay those outstanding bills and then record the payments in QuickBooks.)
Asset values. When you own assets such as buildings or equipment, their value depreciates over time. If you included a balance sheet with the tax return you filed for your company, you can find asset values and accumulated depreciation on your most recent tax return (yet another reason to start using QuickBooks at the beginning of your fiscal year). If you haven’t filed a tax return for your company yet, an asset’s value is typically the price you paid for it.
Inventory. If you stock products that you sell and track them as inventory, you need to know how many items you had in stock as of the start date, how much you paid for them, and what you expect to sell them for.
Payroll. Payroll services are a great value for the money, which you’ll grow to appreciate as you collect the info you need for payroll (including salaries and wages, tax deductions, benefits, pensions, 401(k) deductions, and other stray payroll deductions you might have). You also need to know who receives withholdings, such as tax agencies or the company handling your 401(k) plan. Oh, yeah—and you also need payroll details for each employee. Chapter 15 explains the payroll options that are available inside and outside of QuickBooks.
Keeping books requires accuracy, attention to detail, and persistence—hence the customary image of spectacled accountants scanning row after row of numbers. QuickBooks can help you keep your books without ruining your eyesight—as long as you start your company file with good information. If you want to practice with QuickBooks, you can experiment with a sample file, as the box on Experimenting with a Sample File explains.
Figure 1-2. A journal entry that records income and expense totals is a compromise you can make when you must start using QuickBooks midyear. Each journal entry table row allocates funds to an income or expense account. Enter an income account total in the Credit cell. Enter an expense account total in the Debit cell. If total expense is less than total income, assign the leftover amount in the debit column to the Opening Balance Equity account. (That remaining amount is profit, which becomes your equity in the company, as described on page 461.)
QuickBooks makes it easy to create a company file from scratch. (The box on Getting Help Creating a New Company File tells you how to find someone who can help you create one.) You can opt for a short and sweet process, which asks you for the bare minimum of info before it creates your file. Or you can use a wizard that guides you through the process with a series of questions that takes about 15 minutes to answer. The questions cover the basics of creating and customizing a company file to fit your business. QuickBooks needs to know some company information, the industry you’re in, and the features you want to use. The program then sets your preferences and creates a few accounts (like basic income and expense accounts and your checking account). Of course, you have to do the bulk of the setup work later, which you learn in the box on What’s Next?.
You can create a company file in several ways, and the QuickBooks Setup dialog box—which opens automatically the very first time you start QuickBooks—is your ticket to all of them. If you don’t see this dialog box, choose File→New Company (or click “Create a new company” in the No Company Open window). The dialog box takes up most of the screen, so you can stay focused on creating your company file.
The three basic approaches to creating a company file are covered by the QuickBooks Setup dialog box’s three buttons:
Express Start. This button is in pole position because it’s the best option if this is your first time creating a company file. If you go this route, QuickBooks holds your hand and asks for a few bits of info at a time before moving to each new screen. If you stop filling in information before QuickBooks creates your company file, the program won’t save any of the values you entered. So make sure you have at least 15 minutes to complete the first set of steps. Instructions for Express Start begin below.
Advanced Setup. If you’ve been around the QuickBooks block before, choose this option to launch the EasyStep Interview window, which asks for more information on each screen than Express Start does. If you need help during the process, you can always click the “Get answers” link at the top right of the window. You can also use Advanced Setup to go back and modify info you entered previously, whether you entered it using Express Start or the EasyStep Interview. (The instructions for the EasyStep Interview begin on Creating Your Company File. If you’re unsure what to put in any of the fields you’re supposed to fill in, they’re described in the Express Start section, because you fill in much of the same information regardless of which approach you use.)
Other Options. This button covers the rest of the bases. You can use it to open an existing company file or to convert existing records that are in Quicken or another accounting program (Reopening the QuickBooks Setup Dialog Box) for use in QuickBooks.
Whether you use Express Start or the EasyStep Interview, you tell QuickBooks the basic 411 about your company, such as its name and tax ID. (If any of the fields confuse you, try clicking the “Need help? Give us a call” button in the QuickBooks Setup dialog box or the “Get answers” link in the upper-right corner of the EasyStep Interview window.) The next section provides the full scoop on the information you need to provide.
As its name implies, Express Start gets you going as quickly as possible by asking for the minimum amount of info (you can fill in the details later). To use it, choose File→New Company and then, in the QuickBooks Setup dialog box, click Express Start. The “Tell us about your business” screen appears, and you can start entering info. The following sections explain what the program needs to know to create your company file.
On the “Tell us about your business” screen, shown in Figure 1-3, you need to cough up only three answers, but these responses are the foundation of many of the preferences that QuickBooks sets:
You might see a screen before the “Tell us about your business” one that asks for your email address, which QuickBooks associates with your company file. If you already have an Intuit account set up, the screen also asks for your password. The checkbox with the label that starts “Set up my company file locally and on Intuit’s servers” is turned on initially, which means that QuickBooks stores your company file both on your computer and on Intuit’s servers. If you use any App Center applications (Working with Other Apps), keep this checkbox turned on so those applications can access the synchronized online copy of your company file. If you don’t use App Center applications, turn this checkbox off. Then click Continue to proceed to the “Tell us about your business” screen, which is covered in the following sections.
Company Name. Type the name you want to appear on invoices, reports, and other forms. Later on, you can specify your company’s legal name (Business Contact Information).
Industry. Start typing your industry in this box and see if QuickBooks finds a match. If not, click “Help me choose” to the right of this field to see all your options. If you don’t see an obvious choice in the Industry list, scroll to the bottom and choose either General Product-based Business or General Service-based Business.
Choose your industry carefully. Based on your choice, QuickBooks adjusts its preferences and chart of accounts to match how your business operates. For example, the program creates income and expense accounts for your type of business and automatically turns on features like sales tax and inventory if your industry typically uses them. If QuickBooks makes assumptions you don’t like, you can alter your preferences (Chapter 25) and accounts (Creating Accounts and Subaccounts) later.
Figure 1-3. QuickBooks’ list of industries is robust, so chances are good you’ll find one that’s close to what your company does. You can start typing an industry, and the program will display options that match what you’ve typed so far, such as cater to display the industry “Restaurant, Caterer, or Bar” shown here. Or you can click the “Help me choose” link to see all the industries the program offers.
Company Type. The tax form you use depends on the type of business entity you have. This drop-down list contains the most common types, from sole proprietorships and partnerships to corporations and nonprofits. When you select a type, QuickBooks assigns the corresponding tax form to your company file. After you finish creating your company file, you can see the tax form the program selected by choosing Company→My Company, which brings up the dialog box shown in Figure 1-9 (Modifying Company Info). The Income Tax Form Used box at the bottom of that dialog box lists the tax form for your company type.
Tax ID #. This box is for the federal tax ID number you use when you file taxes. You don’t have to enter it now, but you’ll need it come tax time. You’ll use a federal Employer Identification Number (EIN) if your company is a corporation or partnership, you have employees, or fit a few other criteria (go to www.irs.gov to see if you need an EIN). Otherwise, your tax ID is your Social Security number or Individual Tax Identification Number (ITIN).
Do you have employees? The choice you make in this box doesn’t affect the settings in your company file. If this field is set to Yes (as it is initially), or to “No, but I might in the future,” then Intuit will tempt you with payroll service offers. If you don’t have employees or don’t want to receive those offers, choose No in the drop-down list.
When you finish filling out this screen, click Continue.
Legal Name. This is the name you use on contracts and other legal documents. Your company name and legal name are usually the same unless you use a DBA (doing business as) company name. If you own a corporation, the legal name is what appears on your Certificate of Incorporation.
Contact info. Enter your mailing address, telephone number, email address, and website address, if you have one. The Zip and Phone fields are the only ones that are required.
Click Preview Your Settings to see which features QuickBooks selected for you based on the industry and company type you provided (Figure 1-4). The Preview Your Company Settings dialog box lets you fine-tune the accounts QuickBooks selected and choose a different place to store your company file. Here’s what you can do on each tab in this dialog box:
Features Selected. This tab is purely informational. You can’t modify the settings listed here, but once you’ve used QuickBooks for a while, you can change the program’s preferences (Chapter 25) to suit your needs.
Chart of Accounts. This tab lists accounts typically used in your industry. The accounts that QuickBooks chose have checkmarks next to their names. You can include or exclude accounts in your chart of accounts by turning their checkmarks on or off.
Figure 1-4. You can’t use this dialog box to change the features listed on the Features Selected tab. However, you can adjust those settings later in the Preferences dialog box (page 638). To modify the accounts in your company file or where the file is stored, click the Chart of Accounts or Company File Location tab, respectively.
Company File Location. This tab shows the location on your computer where the program plans to save your company file. To choose a different spot, click Change Location and then select the folder you want. If the folder doesn’t exist, in the “Browse for Folder” dialog box, click Make New Folder, type the folder’s name, and then press Enter. To close the “Browse for Folder” dialog box, click OK.
Once everything is the way you want it, in the main QuickBooks Setup dialog box, click Create Company File. A Working message box appears to show QuickBooks’ progress in creating your file. You know it’s finished when the “You’ve got a company file! Now add your info” screen appears. If you have time, you can now add your customers, vendors, and employees; the products and services you sell; and your bank accounts. To learn how to do these tasks, jump to Beginning to Use QuickBooks.
The EasyStep Interview also guides you through the setup process, but it gives you more control over setting up your company file than Express Start does. For example, you can provide more info about your company up front and choose which features to turn on.
To access the EasyStep Interview, choose File→New Company and then, in the QuickBooks Setup dialog box, click Advanced Setup. The “Enter your company information” screen appears. As you enter the following info, click Next to proceed to each new screen:
Name and contact info. The first screen wants to know the name of your company, its legal name, its tax ID, and your contact info. The “Company name” field is the only one that’s required—you can fill in the other fields later on as described on Modifying Company Info.
Industry. On the “Select your industry” screen, choose the industry closest to yours. That way, most of the settings the program chooses will be what you want.
Type of company. On the “How is your company organized?” screen, select the option for your company type. This setting determines which tax form, accounts, and tax form lines you’ll use to prepare your business tax return.
First month of fiscal year. When you start a company, you choose a fiscal year. On the “Select the first month of your fiscal year” screen, QuickBooks automatically sets the “My fiscal year starts in” box to January because so many businesses stick with the calendar year for simplicity. If you start your fiscal year in another month, choose it from the drop-down list.
Administrator password. The administrator can do absolutely anything in your company file: set up other users, log in as other users, and access any area of the company file. Although QuickBooks lets you click Next and skip right past the “Set up your administrator password” screen, this is no time for shortcuts, as the box on Safe Login Practices explains. Type the password you want to use in both the “Administrator password” and “Retype password” boxes, and then keep the password in a safe but memorable place. (Setting Up the Administrator explains how to change the administrator name and password.)
After you set the administrator password and click Next, the “Create your company file” screen appears. (If you’re new to QuickBooks, click the “Where should I save my company file?” link, which opens a Help Article dialog box that explains the pros and cons of storing company files in different places.)
When you’re ready to create the file, on the “Create your company screen,” click Next to wrap up the company file creation process by specifying the filename and location. QuickBooks opens the “Filename for New Company” dialog box, which is really just a Save As dialog box. Navigate to the folder where you want to store your company file. QuickBooks automatically sets the “File name” box to the company name you entered, and the “Save as type” box to “QuickBooks Files (*.QBW, *.QBA).” Here are some guidelines for naming and saving your company file:
If you want to call the file something other than the company name you entered earlier in the interview, simply type a new name in the “File name” box. For example, you may want one that’s shorter or that better identifies the company’s records within.
Consider storing your company file in a folder with the rest of your company data so that it gets backed up along with everything else. For example, if you’re the only person who uses QuickBooks, you could create a Company Files folder inside your My Documents folder. See Storing Company Files on a Network for more about choosing a location for company files.
When you click Save in the “Filename for New Company” dialog box, QuickBooks may take a minute or so to create the new file. In the meantime, a message box with a progress bar appears. When the company file is ready, the “Customizing QuickBooks for your business” screen appears. Click Next to dig in.
At this point, the progress bar in the left margin of the EasyStep Interview window is depressingly short because you still have to do the bulk of the company file setup. If you need a break before continuing, click Leave at the bottom of the window. The next time you open that company file, the EasyStep Interview continues where you left off.
Click Next on the “Customizing QuickBooks for your business screen” to see a series of EasyStep Interview screens that ask questions about your business to help QuickBooks decide which features to turn on, what to include on your QuickBooks Home page, and so on. The interview displays “(recommended for your business)” next to the options that are typical for a company in your industry, as shown in Figure 1-5.
Figure 1-5. The EasyStep Interview sticks to the basics, so you’ll have more setup to do later. As you step through the screens in this section, make a list of the features you’re turning on (and the corresponding page numbers in this book) for reference. If you decide to change any of these settings later, Chapter 25 tells you how.
The What do you sell? screen is where you tell QuickBooks whether you offer services, products, or both. When you choose one of these options, the program figures out which types of income accounts you need. If you select “Products only” or “Both services and products,” another screen later in the interview asks whether you want to track inventory.
The Do you charge sales tax? screen has only two options: Yes and No. If you’re one of the unfortunate souls who has to navigate the rocky shoals of sales tax, select Yes. If you don’t charge sales tax, select No. For detailed instructions on dealing with sales tax in QuickBooks, see Other Sales Tax Preferences.
On the Do you want to create estimates in QuickBooks? screen, choose Yes or No to turn the estimate feature on or off. If you prepare quotes, bids, or estimates for your customers and want to do so in QuickBooks (Estimating Jobs), select Yes.
If you use QuickBooks Premier, the “Tracking customer orders in QuickBooks” screen appears, asking whether you want to use sales orders to track backorders (Using Sales Orders for Backorders) or other orders that you plan to fill at a later date. QuickBooks Pro doesn’t include this sales order feature.
The Using statements in QuickBooks screen is where you tell the program whether you generate statements to send to customers (Generating Statements). For example, your wine-of-the-month club might send monthly statements to its members. Or a consultant could send invoices for work performed and then send a statement that summarizes the fees, payments, and outstanding balance.
The Using invoices in QuickBooks screen appears only if you chose No on the “Do you want to create estimates in QuickBooks?” screen. (If you chose Yes on that screen, QuickBooks automatically turns on the invoicing feature.) Select Yes to tell the program that you want to use invoices, which you probably do because invoices are the most flexible sales forms (Choosing the Right Type of Form). If you answer No (if, for example, you own a restaurant), QuickBooks jumps to the “Managing bills you owe” screen.
If you answer Yes on the “Using invoices in QuickBooks” screen, the Using progress invoicing screen asks whether you invoice customers based on the percentage you’ve completed on a job. To learn why (and how) you might use this feature, see Comparing Estimates to Actuals.
The Managing bills you owe screen asks whether you plan to write checks to pay bills immediately (select No) or enter bills in QuickBooks and then pay them later (select Yes). You can read about bill preferences on Bills and payment preferences on Payments.
Entering bills in QuickBooks (Entering Bills) requires more steps than simply writing checks without entering the bills in QuickBooks, but there’s a benefit to the extra effort: The program can remind you when bills are due or qualify for timely payment discounts, and it can keep track of the total you owe.
The Tracking inventory in QuickBooks screen is where you tell the program whether you keep track of the products you have in stock. This screen provides a few examples of when to track or bypass inventory, and When You Don’t Need Items has more about how to decide whether tracking inventory makes sense for your business.
Tracking time in QuickBooks is ideal if you bill by the hour or pay people based on the number of hours they work. In that case, select Yes on this screen to track the hours people work and create invoices for their time. Chapter 8 explains how to set up time tracking.
The Do you have employees? screen is where you specify whether you want to use QuickBooks’ payroll and 1099 features. If you do, select Yes and turn on the appropriate checkbox(es). If you use non-Intuit services to run payroll or generate contractors’ 1099s, select No.
When you click Next on the “Do you have employees?” screen, you see the “Using accounts in QuickBooks” screen, and the progress bar indicates that you’re almost done with the interview. Click Next to set these final options:
The Select a date to start tracking your finances screen summarizes what you learned about start dates on Choosing a Start Date. To start at the beginning of this fiscal year (which QuickBooks can figure out using the current calendar year and the starting month you select), choose the “Beginning of this fiscal year: 01/01/14” option. (The year you see listed depends on the current calendar year.) If you’ve decided to start on a different date, select the “Use today’s date or the first day of the quarter or month” option instead. You can then type or choose any date you want in the box, such as the last day of the previous fiscal period.
The Review income and expense accounts screen lists the accounts typically used by companies in your industry, as shown in Figure 1-6.
Figure 1-6. QuickBooks places a checkmark in front of the accounts that are typical for your industry. Click an empty checkmark cell to add an account that the program didn’t select, or click a cell with a checkmark to turn that account off. You can also drag your cursor over checkmark cells to turn several accounts on or off.
When you click Next, you see a bright orange, but premature, “Congratulations!” You still have a few more steps to complete before you can open your company file. Click “Go to Setup” and then read the next section.
After you create your company file with Express Start or the EasyStep Interview, you’ll see the “You’ve got a company file!” screen, which is where you perform the additional steps you have to complete, such as adding people you do business with, items you sell, and bank accounts.
If you want to dive into your work without QuickBooks’ help on these steps, click Start Working at the window’s bottom right and jump to the section Start Working. If you want step-by-step guidance through these processes, click the Add buttons in these sections:
Add the people you do business with. Adding people you do business with is a snap. Click the first Add button and you can import names from your email program (Outlook, Yahoo, or Gmail), paste data from an Excel workbook, or enter info manually. If you select one of the import options and then click Continue, you’ll see a table with the names from your email program, as shown in Figure 1-7.
Figure 1-7. Initially, QuickBooks selects the Skip option (the far left column) for all the names. That way, you can select the option in the Customer, Vendor, or Employee column for each name you want to import to designate whether it’s a customer, vendor, or employee. You can also select a cell with info in it (like a name or an email address) and edit the info.
Add the products and services you sell. When you click the Add button in this section, you first choose either the Service or “Non-inventory part” option, because you fill in different fields for each type of item. Select the Service option to set up services you sell, or select the “Non-inventory part” option to create products you sell (see Cleaning Up after Deleting Files to learn about products you keep in inventory), and then click Continue. Fill in the names, description, and prices, and click Continue again to save your items.
Add your bank accounts. For bank accounts, you fill in the account name, account number, opening balance, and opening balance date.
Whether you finish or skip these additional steps, click Start Working to open the Quick Start Center window. You can click icons and links in this window to open the corresponding features. For example, click Create Invoices to open the Create Invoices window. To reopen the QuickBooks Setup dialog box, click “Return to Add Info” at the window’s top right.
If you’d rather perform these tasks later or want more control over setup, click the Close button (the X at the top-right corner of the Quick Start Center window). The box on What’s Next? tells you where to turn in this book for more detailed instructions on the rest of the setup you need.
After you close the QuickBooks Setup dialog box or Quick Start Center window, you see the QuickBooks Home page (The Home Page), which includes icons for the features that QuickBooks turned on during setup.
You may also see the QuickBooks Learning Center window, which includes links to tutorials (Other Kinds of Help). (You can open this window any time by choosing Help→Learning Center Tutorials.) In the window, click a link (blue text) to watch a video on that topic.
As you’ve learned in the previous sections, the QuickBooks Setup dialog box offers shortcuts for adding info to your company file. If your data-entry session was cut short by other pressing tasks, you can jump back to this dialog box later to finish the job. Here’s how:
Choose Help→Quick Start Center. At the top right of the Quick Start Center window, click “Return to Add Info.”
The QuickBooks Setup dialog box opens to the “You’ve got a company file!” screen.
Click the Add button for the type of info you want to enter and then jump back to the instructions on Beginning to Use QuickBooks.
If you launched your small business from your basement and kept your records with Quicken Home & Business, your accountant has probably recommended that you make the leap to QuickBooks. On the other hand, you may have used another accounting program like Peachtree or Small Business Accounting and have decided to move to QuickBooks. Or perhaps you’re switching from QuickBooks for Mac to QuickBooks for Windows. Whatever your situation, this section tells you how to prep your file for a smooth conversion and bring it over into QuickBooks for Windows.
Quicken doesn’t report your business performance in the way that most accountants want to see, nor does it store your business transactions the way QuickBooks does. Bottom line: You have to prep your Quicken file before you convert it to QuickBooks.
To make the conversion proceed as smoothly as possible, some cleanup of your Quicken file is in order. For example, record overdue scheduled transactions and send online payments before you convert your Quicken file. Also, in Quicken, delete accounts you no longer need, because once they’re in QuickBooks, you can’t delete them if they contain any transactions. And make sure that customer names are consistent and unique. QuickBooks doesn’t support repeating online payments, so you also have to tell Quicken to delete any repeating online payments you’ve set up. In addition, you need complete reports of your past payrolls because Quicken payroll transactions don’t convert to QuickBooks.
Intuit publishes a detailed guide to help you prepare for a Quicken conversion. Go to http://tinyurl.com/2af78q5 and follow the instructions there.
When your Quicken file is ready for conversion to QuickBooks, you have two options in QuickBooks:
If you cleaned up your Quicken file but you run into conversion problems in QuickBooks, check the QuickBooks company file for errors by choosing File→Utilities→Verify Data, as described on Verifying Your QuickBooks Data. Another potential solution is to remove transactions prior to the current fiscal year in Quicken before converting the file. If nothing you try works and you’re willing to send your Quicken file to Intuit, contact QuickBooks technical support by choosing Help→Support. (A browser window opens to the Intuit QuickBooks Support page. In the horizontal navigation bar, click Contact Us.) QuickBooks may agree to convert the file for you (for a fee).
Now that your Quicken data is resting comfortably in a QuickBooks file, you might think you’re ready to start using QuickBooks. However, there are a few more post-conversion steps you should take to get your newly minted company file into shape. Here are the other tweaks you might need to make to your QuickBooks company file:
Enter your company information in QuickBooks. Info like your company’s legal name and address, federal Employer Identification Number, and business type don’t come over with your Quicken data. See Modifying Company Info to learn how to add those values to your company file.
Set up your bank feeds in QuickBooks. Activating Online Services for Your QuickBooks Account tells you how to get your QuickBooks bank accounts and your real-world bank accounts talking.
Change Quicken names to QuickBooks customers, vendors, and employees. When you convert from Quicken to QuickBooks, QuickBooks adds all the converted names to its Other Names List. See Sales Rep List to learn how to move these names to other lists.
If your Quicken data file has tons of names, an easy way to convert them is to export them to a spreadsheet and then import them using QuickBooks’ Add/Edit Multiple List Entries feature (Adding and Editing Multiple Records).
Set up Accounts Payable in QuickBooks. If your Quicken file contained unpaid bills, simply write checks (Writing Checks Without Entering Bills) to pay them in QuickBooks. Once your vendor balances are zero, enter new bills in QuickBooks. When you record your first bill, the program automatically adds a new account called Accounts Payable to your chart of accounts.
Moving a file from QuickBooks for Mac to QuickBooks for Windows is mainly about getting the file into a QuickBooks for Windows format. To do that, simply create a backup of the file in QuickBooks for Mac and then restore that backup (Restoring Backups) in QuickBooks for Windows.
To convert files created in other accounting programs, like Peachtree or Small Business Accounting, you have to download a conversion tool from the Intuit website. In QuickBooks, choose File→Utilities→Convert and then choose the program you want to convert from. In the browser window that opens, fill in the boxes for your name, company name, and email address, and then click Submit.
After you’ve opened a company file in one QuickBooks session, the next time you launch the program, it opens that same company file automatically. If you keep the books for only one company, you might never have to manually open a QuickBooks company file again.
But if you’re an irrepressible entrepreneur or a bookkeeper who works on several companies’ books, you can open another company file in QuickBooks anytime you want, and the program automatically closes the previous one. (Because QuickBooks stores data in a database, you don’t have to save a company file before you close it. And if you use QuickBooks Accountant edition, you can have two company files open at the same time, as the Tip below explains.) The following sections describe the different ways to open a company file.
With QuickBooks Accountant and QuickBooks Enterprise, you can have two company files open at the same time. Choose File→Open Second Company, and your computer launches a new instance of QuickBooks. In the new window, double-click the name of the file you want to open. The second company file opens with the text “(Secondary)” after the company name in the QuickBooks window’s title bar. (The text “(Primary)” follows the company name in the first QuickBooks window.) There are some restrictions when you open two files, mostly on the secondary file. To learn about these restrictions, search QuickBooks Help for “second company.”
If you work on more than one company file, you may frequently switch between them. The easiest way to open a recent file is to choose File→Open Previous Company, and then choose the file you want to open, as shown in Figure 1-8. If the Open Previous Company submenu doesn’t list the file you want, follow the steps in the next section instead.
Sometimes, a company file you want to open falls off the recent-file list. (The box on Fast Access to Several Companies explains how to tell QuickBooks how many files to include on the File→Open Previous Company submenu.) Say your bookkeeping business is booming and you work on dozens of company files every month. Or maybe you want to update a file from a previous version of QuickBooks (see the box on Updating a QuickBooks File). Here’s how to open any company file, no matter how long it’s been since you last used it:
Choose File→“Open or Restore Company.”
If the No Company Open window is visible, you can click “Open or restore an existing company” instead.
Figure 1-8. To open a company file you’ve worked on recently, click it in the Open Previous Company submenu. If the No Company Open window (not shown here) is visible, you can open a recent file by double-clicking its filename in that window’s list. (Opening a sample file is the only task the No Company Open window performs that you can’t also perform via the File menu.)
The “Open a Company” dialog box appears.
Navigate to the folder with the company file you want and double-click the file’s name.
You can also click the filename and then click Open.
If the QuickBooks Login window appears (which it will if you’ve assigned a password to the Administrator user account or set up multiple users), type your user name and password.
If the Administrator is the only user, the Password box is the only one that appears. But if you have more than one user for the company file, both the User Name and Password boxes appear.
QuickBooks opens the company file, and you’re ready to keep the books.
Backup files are the answer to the adrenaline rush you get when you do something dumb with your company file, when your hard drive crashes, or when a plume of smoke wafts up from your computer. To learn how to create or restore backup files, see Backing Up Manually or Restoring Backups, respectively.
Choose File→“Open or Restore Company.”
The “Open or Restore Company” dialog box opens.
Select the “Restore a portable file” option and then click Next.
Navigate to the folder with the portable file and double-click its name.
QuickBooks opens the file.
In Express Start and the EasyStep Interview, QuickBooks gets the basic facts about your company in small chunks spread over several screens. But after you create your company file, you can easily view and edit any of this information. Here’s how:
Choose Company→My Company. Alternatively, click the My Company entry in the left icon bar or the top icon bar.
The My Company dialog box (new in QuickBooks 2014) opens. As shown in Figure 1-9 (background), info about your copy of QuickBooks appears on the dialog box’s left, whereas your company info is on the right. Apps, services, and subscriptions that you’ve signed up for (like accepting credit cards, payroll, and so on) appear below your company info. Other products that Intuit would like to sell you appear at the bottom of the dialog box.
Figure 1-9. Some bits of company information change more often than others. For instance, you might relocate your office or change your phone number, email address, or website address. But stuff like your company’s legal name and address, federal Employer Identification Number, and business type (corporation, sole proprietorship, and so on) usually stays the same.
This tab includes fields for your company address, phone number, email address, and website.
To change your company’s legal name and address, click the Legal Information tab.
Remember, your company’s legal name and address are the ones you use on federal and state tax forms.
To edit the tax identification number you use, click the Company Identification tab.
This tab includes the federal Employee Identification Number (EIN) and Social Security Number (SSN) fields. Fill in (or edit) the one that you use for your company.
To specify info for reports you generate, click the Report Information tab.
If you have payroll, click the Payroll Tax Form Information tab, and then make the changes you want.
You can fill in the name, title, and phone number for the person who prepares and signs your company payroll forms, so QuickBooks can fill those fields in automatically when you use an Intuit payroll service.
When you’re done editing, click OK.
The Company Information dialog box closes. Then click the X at the top right of the My Company dialog box to close it.