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Quantum Optics by Girish S. Agarwal

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19

Single photons and nonclassical light in integrated structures

In this chapter, we will study the behavior of single photons and entangled light in integrated structures – these could be coupled resonators or waveguide structures. These structures, which could be on a chip, enable one to study the transport of nonclassical light and quantum interferences in such transport. Typically such structures can be taken as coupled by the nearest neighbor Hamiltonian, which is similar to the tight binding Hamiltonian, well known in condensed matter physics. Thus integrated structures enable one to realize optically a number of condensed matter effects such as Anderson localization, Mott transition, etc. In addition, we can study a number of newer ...

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