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Quantum Mechanics by Giorgio Parisi, Mauro Fortunato, Gennaro Auletta

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1

From classical mechanics to quantum mechanics

In this chapter we shall first summarize some conceptual and formal features of classical mechanics (Sec. 1.1). Modern physics started with the works of Galileo Galilei and Isaac Newton from which classical mechanics, one of the most beautiful and solid intellectual buildings of the human history, came out. The architecture of classical mechanics was developed between the end of the eighteenth century and the second half of the nineteenth century, and its present form is largely due to Lagrange, Jacobi, and Hamilton. As we shall see in this chapter, classical mechanics is built upon the requirement of determinism, a rather complex assumption which is far from being obvious. In Sec. 1.2 we shall ...

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