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Quantum Information Processing with Diamond

Book Description

Diamond nitrogen vacancy (NV) colour centres have the potential to transform quantum information science into a practical technology. Part one provides an introduction to quantum information science, including characterization tools designed to test and measure the properties of diamond materials. Part two reviews research on developing diamond quantum information processing. The final part of the book looks at emerging applications in such areas as sensors, neural circuits and superconductors.

  • Brings together the topics of diamond and quantum information processing
  • Looks at applications such as quantum computing, neural circuits and in vivo monitoring of processes at the molecular scale

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Copyright
  4. Contributor contact details
  5. Woodhead Publishing Series in Electronic and Optical Materials
  6. Foreword
  7. Part I: Principles and fabrication techniques
    1. 1. Principles of quantum information processing (QIP) using diamond
      1. Abstract:
      2. 1.1 Introduction
      3. 1.2 The role of diamond impurities in quantum information processing (QIP)
      4. 1.3 Types of diamond color center
      5. 1.4 Key properties of nitrogen–vacancy (NV) centers
      6. 1.5 Techniques for creating NV centers
      7. 1.6 QIP with NV centers: diamond photonic networks
      8. 1.7 Conclusion
      9. 1.8 References
    2. 2. Principles of quantum cryptography/quantum key distribution (QKD) using attenuated light pulses
      1. Abstract:
      2. 2.1 Introduction
      3. 2.2 Principles of quantum key distribution (QKD): the BB84 protocol
      4. 2.3 Protocol extensions and alterations
      5. 2.4 Implementing QKD
      6. 2.5 Fiber-based QKD
      7. 2.6 Free-space QKD
      8. 2.7 Future trends
      9. 2.8 Conclusion
      10. 2.9 References
    3. 3. Ion implantation in diamond for quantum information processing (QIP): doping and damaging
      1. Abstract:
      2. 3.1 Introduction
      3. 3.2 Doping diamond
      4. 3.3 Doping diamond by ion implantation
      5. 3.4 Controlled formation of implant–defect centers
      6. 3.5 Applications of graphitization of diamond by highly damaging implantations
      7. 3.6 Computer simulations of damage in diamond
      8. 3.7 Conclusion
      9. 3.8 Acknowledgments
      10. 3.9 References
    4. 4. Characterisation of single defects in diamond in the development of quantum devices
      1. Abstract:
      2. 4.1 Introduction
      3. 4.2 Experimental methods for fluorescence microscopy of single colour centres in diamond
      4. 4.3 Optical spectroscopy of single defects
      5. 4.4 Photon statistics
      6. 4.5 Spin resonance
      7. 4.6 Conclusions and future trends
      8. 4.7 References
    5. 5. Nanofabrication of photonic devices from single-crystal diamond for quantum information processing (QIP)
      1. Abstract:
      2. 5.1 Introduction
      3. 5.2 Fabrication approaches for single-crystal diamond nanostructures
      4. 5.3 Single-photon sources in nanostructured diamond: diamond nanowires and diamond–silver hybrid resonators
      5. 5.4 Single-photon sources in nanostructured diamond: integrated ring resonators and photonic-crystal cavities
      6. 5.5 Conclusions and future trends
      7. 5.6 Acknowledgments
      8. 5.7 References
  8. Part II: Experimental demonstrations and emerging applications of quantum information processing (QIP) using diamond
    1. 6. Diamond-based single-photon sources and their application in quantum key distribution
      1. Abstract:
      2. 6.1 Introduction
      3. 6.2 Characterization and key parameters of a single-photon source
      4. 6.3 Suitability of colour centres in diamond as single-photon sources
      5. 6.4 Colour centres in diamond as single-photon sources: types of colour centres investigated as single emitters
      6. 6.5 Colour centres in diamond as single-photon sources: specific properties
      7. 6.6 Quantum key distribution with nitrogen–vacancy (NV) and silicon–vacancy (SiV) centres
      8. 6.7 Future trends
      9. 6.8 References
    2. 7. Using defect centres in diamonds to build photonic and quantum optical devices
      1. Abstract:
      2. 7.1 Introduction
      3. 7.2 Architectures for single-photon collection and single-photon interaction
      4. 7.3 Properties of defect centres in nanodiamonds
      5. 7.4 A method for the controlled assembly of fundamental photonic elements using a scanning probe technique
      6. 7.5 Fundamental photonic and plasmonic elements assembled from nanodiamonds by a scanning probe technique
      7. 7.6 Photonic elements made from nanodiamonds in laser-written structures
      8. 7.7 Applications of engineered single-photon sources based on nanodiamonds
      9. 7.8 Future trends
      10. 7.9 Acknowledgements
      11. 7.10 References
    3. 8. Spin–photon entanglement in diamond for quantum optical networks
      1. Abstract:
      2. 8.1 Introduction
      3. 8.2 How measurements of single photons result in entanglement
      4. 8.3 Optical properties of the nitrogen–vacancy (NV) center for spin–photon entanglement generation
      5. 8.4 Generation of spin–photon entanglement
      6. 8.5 Hong–Ou–Mandel interference between identical photons from NV centers
      7. 8.6 Single-shot projective readout of NV centers
      8. 8.7 Future trends
      9. 8.8 Sources of further information and advice
      10. 8.9 Acknowledgments
      11. 8.10 References
    4. 9. Quantum microscopy using nanodiamonds
      1. Abstract:
      2. 9.1 Introduction
      3. 9.2 Properties of nanodiamonds for bioimaging
      4. 9.3 Conventional microscopy with nanodiamonds
      5. 9.4 Quantum microscopy with nanodiamonds I:magnetometry
      6. 9.5 Quantum microscopy with nanodiamonds II:rotational tracking, electrometry and thermometry
      7. 9.6 Future trends
      8. 9.7 Sources of further information and advice
      9. 9.8 References
    5. 10. Diamond magnetic sensors
      1. Abstract:
      2. 10.1 Introduction
      3. 10.2 Magnetometry with nitrogen–vacancy (NV) centers
      4. 10.3 Scanning NV magnetometry
      5. 10.4 Conclusion and future trends
      6. 10.5 References
    6. 11. Hybridization of quantum systems: coupling nitrogen–vacancy (NV) centers in diamond to superconducting circuits
      1. Abstract:
      2. 11.1 Introduction
      3. 11.2 Spin ensembles
      4. 11.3 Superconducting circuits
      5. 11.4 Collective coupling in the hybrid system
      6. 11.5 Towards quantum memory operations
      7. 11.6 Conclusions and future trends
      8. 11.7 References
    7. 12. Neural circuits and <em xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops">in vivo</em> monitoring using diamond monitoring using diamond
      1. Abstract:
      2. 12.1 Introduction
      3. 12.2 The diamond–cell interface
      4. 12.3 Diamond biosensors
      5. 12.4 Neural networks using diamond
      6. 12.5 Neural stimulation and recording using diamond
      7. 12.6 Future trends
      8. 12.7 References
  9. Part III: The future
    1. 13. Promising directions in diamond technologies for quantum information processing (QIP) and sensing
      1. Abstract:
      2. 13.1 Introduction
      3. 13.2 Nanodiamonds for high-resolution sensors
      4. 13.3 Exploiting fundamental properties: optomechanics and other areas of advanced research
      5. 13.4 Challenges in diamond materials science
      6. 13.5 Conclusion
      7. 13.6 References
  10. Index