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Qualitative Research in the Health Sciences: Methodologies, Methods and Processes

Book Description

There is a growing interest in, and acceptance of, qualitative research approaches in the health science disciplines, both as standalone methodologies and integrated with quantitative designs in mixed methods approaches. This comprehensive text provides deeper knowledge and application of a wide range of methodologies, methods and processes, enabling readers to develop their qualitative research skills.

Divided into two parts, focusing first on methodologies and then on methods and processes, the text also includes revision of essential aspects of quantitative research as they apply to mixed methods research and a discussion of the uptake of qualitative research in the health sciences.

The methodologies covered include: Grounded Theory; Historical Research; Ethnography; Phenomenology; Narrative Inquiry; Case Study Research; Critical Ethnography; Action Research and Mixed Methods.

The methods and processes covered include: Interviewing and Analysis; Group Work and Analysis; Narrative Analysis; Discourse Analysis.

Using accessible language to help extend readers’ practical research skills, this is a thorough and reliable text to guide advanced students and researchers from all health-related disciplines – including nursing, midwifery, public health and physiotherapy – to the best use of qualitative research.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Half Title
  3. Title Page
  4. Copyright Page
  5. Dedication
  6. Table of Contents
  7. List of figures and tables
  8. Preface
  9. Part I: Methodologies
    1. 1. Introduction
      1. Differentiating methodologies, methods and processes
      2. Research after basic preparation
      3. Research in the health sciences
      4. Generating evidence for practice
      5. World views guiding approaches to research
      6. Mixed methodologies
      7. Postmodern influences on paradigmatic shifts in research
      8. Chapter summary
      9. Key points
      10. Critical review questions
      11. References
    2. 2. Grounded theory
      1. Defining grounded theory
      2. Theoretical assumptions of grounded theory
      3. Origins of grounded theory
      4. Glaser and Strauss’s GT approach
      5. Strauss and Corbin’s GT approach
      6. Epistemological debates
      7. Charmaz’s constructivist approach to GT
      8. Common grounded theory concepts
      9. Grounded theory research projects in the health sciences
      10. Chapter summary
      11. Key points
      12. Critical review questions
      13. References
    3. 3. Historical research
      1. Origins of historical research
      2. Defining historical research
      3. Theoretical assumptions of historical research
      4. Undertaking a historical research study
      5. Case example of a nursing history
      6. Limitations of historical research
      7. Chapter summary
      8. Key points
      9. Critical review questions
      10. References
    4. 4. Ethnography
      1. Defining ethnography
      2. Theoretical assumptions of ethnography
      3. Common ethnography research characteristics and concepts
      4. Data collection methods
      5. Data analysis
      6. Limitations
      7. Chapter summary
      8. Key points
      9. Critical review questions
      10. References
    5. 5. Phenomenology
      1. Defining phenomenology
      2. Origins of phenomenology
      3. Applying phenomenological concepts
      4. Phenomenological methods
      5. What makes a study phenomenological?
      6. Chapter summary
      7. Key points
      8. Critical review questions
      9. References
    6. 6. Narrative inquiry
      1. Defining narrative inquiry
      2. Origins of narrative inquiry
      3. Theoretical assumptions of narrative inquiry
      4. Narrative inquiry methods
      5. Narrative inquiry research projects in the health sciences
      6. Conclusion
      7. Key points
      8. Critical review questions
      9. References
    7. 7. Case study research
      1. Defining case study research
      2. Origins of case study research
      3. Theoretical assumptions and key concepts in case study research
      4. Case study research methods
      5. Case study research projects in the health sciences
      6. Chapter summary
      7. Key points
      8. Critical review questions
      9. References
    8. 8. Feminisms
      1. Defining feminisms
      2. Origins of feminisms
      3. Theoretical assumptions and key concepts of feminisms
      4. Feminist research methods and processes
      5. Feminist research projects in the health sciences
      6. Chapter summary
      7. Key points
      8. Critical review questions
      9. References
    9. 9. Action research
      1. Chapter overview
      2. Definition
      3. Theoretical assumptions of action research
      4. Origins of action research
      5. Action research methods
      6. The action research cycle
      7. Data analysis
      8. Concluding the study
      9. Case study
      10. Limitations
      11. Conclusion
      12. Key points
      13. Critical review questions
      14. References
    10. 10. Mixed methods research
      1. Definitions of MMR
      2. Origins and evolution of MMR
      3. Theoretical assumptions of MMR
      4. MMR designs
      5. Critiques of MMR
      6. MMR projects in the health sciences
      7. Chapter summary
      8. Key points
      9. Critical review questions
      10. References
  10. Part II: Methods and processes
    1. 11. Revising the process of developing a research project
      1. Chapter overview
      2. Developing and writing a qualitative research proposal
      3. Research proposal preliminaries
      4. The body of the research proposal
      5. Final elements of a research proposal
      6. Trustworthiness issues
      7. Suggestions for writing up a project
      8. Conclusion
      9. Key points
      10. Critical review questions
      11. References
    2. 12. Interviewing and analysis
      1. Types of interviews
      2. Conducting and analysing interviews
      3. Chapter summary
      4. Key points
      5. Critical review questions
      6. References
    3. 13. Group work and analysis
      1. Types of group work
      2. Methodologically-influenced group work
      3. Focus group work
      4. Chapter summary
      5. Key points
      6. Critical review questions
      7. References
    4. 14. Narrative analysis
      1. Stories: Health and illness narratives
      2. Storytellers: Constructing meaning
      3. Listeners: Reflexive interplay
      4. Conclusion
      5. Key points
      6. Critical review questions
      7. References
    5. 15. Discourse analysis
      1. The versatility of discourse analysis
      2. Types of discourse analysis
      3. Undertaking a discourse analysis
      4. Limitations
      5. Chapter summary
      6. Key points
      7. Critical review questions
      8. References
    6. 16. Creative forms of qualitative data collection and analysis
      1. Creativity in research
      2. Undertaking and analysing creative forms of qualitative data collection
      3. Art works
      4. Autobiographies
      5. Performance
      6. Photography
      7. Chapter summary
      8. Key points
      9. Critical review questions
      10. References
    7. 17. Uptake of qualitative research in health sciences
      1. Interdisciplinary collaboration in health sciences research
      2. Practice development
      3. Qualitative research translation
      4. Future directions
      5. Chapter summary
      6. Key points
      7. Critical review questions
      8. References
  11. Index