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Qualitative Research: An Introduction to Methods and Designs

Book Description

The authors—noted scholars and researchers—provide an up-to-date guide to qualitative study design, data collection, analysis, and reporting. Step by step, the authors explain a range of methodologies and methods for conducting qualitative research focusing on how they are applied when conducting an actual study. The book includes methods of data collection, specific approaches to qualitative research, and current issues in the field. Specifically, chapters cover the methods, designs, and analyses related to the methodologies of history, case study, program evaluation, ethnography, autoethnography, narrative, life histories, emancipatory discourses, feminist perspectives, African American inquiry, indigenous studies, and practitioner qualitative research.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover Page
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright
  4. Dedication
  5. CONTENTS
  6. TABLES, FIGURES, AND EXHIBITS
    1. Tables
    2. Figures
    3. Exhibits
  7. PREFACE
    1. To the Instructor
    2. To the Student
    3. Acknowledgments
    4. A Tour of This Text
  8. THE EDITORS
  9. THE CONTRIBUTORS
  10. PART ONE: A QUALITATIVE FRAME OF MIND
    1. CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
      1. Key Ideas
      2. Disciplined Inquiry
      3. Historical Roots of Qualitative Research
      4. A Word About Method and Methodology
      5. Overview of the Text
      6. Preview of the Chapters
      7. Summary
      8. Key Terms
      9. Further Readings and Resources
    2. CHAPTER 2: ETHICS IN QUALITATIVE RESEARCH IN EDUCATION AND THE SOCIAL SCIENCES
      1. Key Ideas
      2. Ethical Dilemmas in Research
      3. Guidance for the Ethical Conduct of Research
      4. Ethical Principles
      5. Ethical Norms for Research
      6. Summary
      7. Key Terms
      8. Further Readings and Resources
    3. CHAPTER 3: GROUNDED THEORY
      1. Key Ideas
      2. Doing Grounded Theory Research
      3. Memo Writing
      4. Theoretical Sampling and Saturation
      5. Theoretical Sensitivity and Using the Literature
      6. Summary
      7. Key Terms
      8. Further Readings and Resources
    4. CHAPTER 4: METHODOLOGY, METHODS, AND TOOLS IN QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
      1. Key Ideas
      2. Research Methodology
      3. Making Methodological Decisions
      4. Research Methods
      5. Selecting Methods or Tools
      6. Data Analysis
      7. Summary
      8. Key Terms
      9. Further Readings and Resources
  11. PART TWO: DRAWING ON THE DISCIPLINES
    1. CHAPTER 5: BIOGRAPHY AND LIFE STORY RESEARCH
      1. Key Ideas
      2. Historical and Theoretical Background
      3. Contemporary Biography and Life Story Research Design
      4. Data Collection Instruments and Analytic Approaches
      5. The Meaning of Reliability and Validity
      6. Dissemination of Findings
      7. Summary
      8. Key Terms
      9. Further Readings and Resources
    2. CHAPTER 6: MYSTERY SOLVED: DETECTIVE SKILLS AND THE HISTORIAN'S CRAFT
      1. Key Ideas
      2. The What: What We Are Trying to Understand
      3. The When: The Historical Context of an Earlier Era
      4. The Where: The Foci of Historical Studies
      5. The Who: Historical Actors
      6. The How: The Evidence Behind Historical Research
      7. The Why: Historical Interpretation and Analysis
      8. Summary
      9. Key Terms
      10. Further Readings and Resources
    3. CHAPTER 7: ETHNOGRAPHIC RESEARCH
      1. Key Ideas
      2. What Is Ethnographic Research?
      3. How Does an Ethnographer Start?
      4. What Do Ethnographers Do?
      5. What Do Ethnographers Do with Their Data?
      6. What Does Ethnographic Writing Look Like?
      7. How Do We Know an Ethnography Is Good?
      8. What's the State of Ethnography Today?
      9. Summary
      10. Key Terms
      11. Further Readings and Resources
    4. CHAPTER 8: TREKKING THROUGH AUTOETHNOGRAPHY
      1. Key Ideas
      2. Walking a Fine Line: Tony's Introduction
      3. Hiking into “Two Men's” Land: Carolyn's Introduction
      4. Teaching By Fire: Together, Talking About Autoethnography
      5. Doing Autoethnography: Continuing the Conversation
      6. Writing Autoethnography
      7. Autoethnographic Forms
      8. Benefits of Autoethnography
      9. Critical Responses to Autoethnography
      10. Talking the Talk and Walking the Walk
      11. Summary
      12. Key Terms
      13. Further Readings and Resources
  12. PART THREE: INTEGRATING THE DISCIPLINES
    1. CHAPTER 9: NARRATIVE INQUIRY: STORIES LIVED, STORIES TOLD
      1. Key Ideas
      2. Narrative Inquiry: Introduction
      3. Narrative Inquiry: Critical Event Approach
      4. Narrative Inquiry: Qualitative Research Methodology
      5. Narrative Inquiry: Genres
      6. Narrative Inquiry: Responses to Critique
      7. Narrative Inquiry: How to Begin
      8. Summary
      9. Key Terms
      10. Further Readings and Resources
    2. CHAPTER 10: CASE STUDY RESEARCH
      1. Key Ideas
      2. Characteristics of a Case Study
      3. Planning Case Study Research
      4. Implementing Case Study Research
      5. Case Study Reports
      6. Summary
      7. Key Terms
      8. Further Readings and Resources
    3. CHAPTER 11: ARTS-BASED RESEARCH
      1. Key Ideas
      2. Background of Arts-Based Research
      3. Purposes of Arts-Based Research Studies
      4. Planning and Conducting Arts-Based Research Studies
      5. Example Studies
      6. Learning from Arts-Based Studies
      7. Trusting Arts-Based Studies
      8. Summary
      9. Key Terms
      10. Further Readings and Resources
    4. CHAPTER 12: PRACTITIONER ACTION RESEARCH
      1. Key Ideas
      2. Historical Perspective
      3. Research and Professional Practice
      4. Practitioner Research in Action: Two Scenarios
      5. Characteristics of Practitioner Research
      6. Practitioner Research Designs
      7. Engaging in Practitioner Research
      8. Trusting Practitioner Research Results
      9. Summary
      10. Key Terms
      11. Further Readings and Resources
    5. CHAPTER 13: PROGRAM EVALUATION
      1. Key Ideas
      2. What Is Evaluation?
      3. Evaluation Approaches
      4. Guiding Principles for Evaluators
      5. Evaluation Design
      6. Believing Evaluation Findings
      7. Evaluation Use
      8. Summary
      9. Key Terms
      10. Further Readings and Resources
  13. PART FOUR: EMANCIPATORY DISCOURSES
    1. CHAPTER 14: PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS OF AN AFRICAN AMERICAN CULTURALLY RESPONSIVE EVALUATION SYSTEM
      1. Key Ideas
      2. Culture and Race
      3. Culturally Responsive Evaluation
      4. Logic Models
      5. African American Culturally Responsive Evaluation System for Academic Settings
      6. Summary
      7. Key Terms
      8. Further Readings and Resources
    2. CHAPTER 15: WHAT MAKES CRITICAL ETHNOGRAPHY “CRITICAL”?
      1. Key Ideas
      2. Beginning to Understand Critical Ethnography
      3. Theoretical and Historical Foundations of Critical Ethnography
      4. Defining Elements of Critical Ethnography
      5. Doing Critical Ethnography
      6. Critiques of Critical Ethnography
      7. Summary
      8. Key Terms
      9. Further Readings and Resources
    3. CHAPTER 16: FEMINIST RESEARCH
      1. Key Ideas
      2. Historical Roots of Feminist Research
      3. Guiding Principles of Feminist Research
      4. Feminist Approaches
      5. Trusting Feminist Reports
      6. Summary
      7. Key Terms
      8. Further Readings and Resources
    4. CHAPTER 17: RECLAIMING SCHOLARSHIP: CRITICAL INDIGENOUS RESEARCH METHODOLOGIES
      1. Key Ideas
      2. Colonization and the Call for (Re)Claiming an Indigenous Intellectual Life and Thought-World
      3. Epistemological, Ontological, and Axiological Considerations in Research
      4. What Is a Critical Indigenous Research Methodologies Framework?
      5. What Makes the “Critical” Critical?
      6. Where Do We Go from Here? Moving Forward and the Reclamation of Voice
      7. Summary
      8. Key Terms
      9. Further Readings and Resources
    5. CHAPTER 18: DEMOCRATIZING QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
      1. Key Ideas
      2. The Denver Study
      3. Deliberative Democratic Research
      4. Summary
      5. Key Terms
      6. Further Readings and Resources
  14. REFERENCES
  15. INDEX