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Public-key Cryptography: Theory and Practice by C. E. Veni Madhavan, Abhijit Das

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A.3. Stream Ciphers

A block cipher encrypts large blocks of data using a fixed key. A stream cipher, on the other hand, encrypts small blocks of data (typically bits or bytes) using different keys. The security of a stream cipher stems from the unpredictability of guessing the keys in the key stream. Here, we deal with stream ciphers that encrypt bit-by-bit.

Definition A.2.

A stream cipher F encrypts a plaintext m = m1m2 . . . ml to a ciphertext c = c1c2 . . . cl using a key stream k = k1k2 . . . kl, where each mi, ci, . F uses a function that ...

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