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Protecting Industrial Control Systems from Electronic Threats by Joseph Weiss

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Florida Outage

Event Description

On February 26, 2008, Florida experienced a widespread power outage. A field engineer was diagnosing a transmission switch that had malfunctioned at Florida Power and Light’s (FPL’s) Flagami substation in west Miami. Without authorization, the engineer disabled the relay protection in the substation. A fault occurred during the diagnostic process, and because the relay protection had been removed, the fault caused a widespread cascading outage ultimately leading to a loss of power to more than 5 million people throughout Florida.

Event Analysis

On June 3, 2008, the Florida Reliability Coordinating Council (FRCC) issued an interim report on the February outage.[3] According to the report, the FRCC bulk power ...

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