You are previewing Programming the Mobile Web.

Programming the Mobile Web

Cover of Programming the Mobile Web by Maximiliano Firtman Published by O'Reilly Media, Inc.
  1. Programming the Mobile Web
    1. SPECIAL OFFER: Upgrade this ebook with O’Reilly
    2. Preface
      1. Who This Book Is For
      2. Who This Book Is Not For
      3. What You’ll Learn
      4. Other Options
      5. If You Like (or Don’t Like) This Book
      6. Conventions Used in This Book
      7. Using Code Examples
      8. How to Contact Us
      9. Safari® Books Online
      10. Acknowledgments
    3. 1. The Mobile Jungle
      1. Myths of the Mobile Web
      2. The Mobile Ecosystem
      3. Mobile Knowledge
      4. Brands, Models, and Platforms
      5. Technical Information
      6. Market Statistics
    4. 2. Mobile Browsing
      1. The Mobile Browsing Experience
      2. Mobile Web Eras
    5. 3. Architecture and Design
      1. Website Architecture
      2. Design and Usability
    6. 4. Setting Up Your Environment
      1. Setting Up a Development Environment
      2. Production Environment
    7. 5. Markups and Standards
      1. First, the Old Ones
      2. Current Standards
      3. XHTML Mobile Profile and Basic
      4. CSS for Mobile
      5. Confusion
    8. 6. Coding Markup
      1. Heading Structure
      2. The Document Body
      3. Plug-ins and Extensions
    9. 7. CSS for Mobile Browsers
      1. Where to Insert the CSS
      2. Selectors
      3. CSS Techniques
      4. Common Patterns
      5. CSS Sprites
      6. WebKit Extensions
    10. 8. JavaScript Mobile
      1. Supported Technologies
      2. Coding JavaScript for Mobile Browsers
    11. 9. Ajax, RIA, and HTML 5
      1. Ajax Support
      2. JavaScript Libraries
      3. WebKit CSS Extensions
      4. Mobile Rich Internet Applications
      5. HTML 5
    12. 10. Server-Side Browser Detection and Content Delivery
      1. Mobile Detection
      2. Content Delivery
      3. Multimedia and Streaming
      4. Content Adaptation
      5. Mobilizing WordPress and Other CMSs
    13. 11. Geolocation and Maps
      1. Location Techniques
      2. Detecting the Location
      3. Showing a Map
    14. 12. Widgets and Offline Webapps
      1. Mobile Widget Platforms
      2. Standards
      3. Platforms
      4. Widget Design Patterns
    15. 13. Testing, Debugging, and Performance
      1. Testing and Debugging
      2. Performance Optimization
    16. 14. Distribution and Social Web 2.0
      1. Mobile SEO
      2. Mobile Web Statistics
      3. Mobile Web Advertising
      4. Mobile Web Social Features
    17. A. MIME Types for Mobile Content
      1. Markup and Script MIME Types
      2. Image MIME Types
      3. Mobile Content MIME Types
      4. Audio and Video MIME Types
      5. Widget and Webapp MIME Types
    18. Index
    19. About the Author
    20. Colophon
    21. SPECIAL OFFER: Upgrade this ebook with O’Reilly

Plug-ins and Extensions

By their very nature, you can’t count on plug-ins to work on every browser, but they are even less likely to be reliably available on the mobile web.

Adobe Flash

The Flash Player is a de facto standard in desktop browsers: Flash Player 8 penetration was at more than 99.5% as of September 2009.[1] However, the mobile world is a very different jungle. Adobe is trying to bring the same experience to the mobile browser, but it has found many stones in the road. That is why Adobe as yet has no official up-to-date penetration percentages for the mobile world.

Adobe currently has two mobile lines: Flash Lite and the major Flash Player 10 for mobile devices. The first one is intended for low- and mid-end devices (and high-end devices shipped before 2010), and the major player will be available for Android, Symbian, and Palm Pre (but not iPhone) devices starting in 2010. Table 6-19 shows the ActionScript version and Flash Video support in the Flash versions available for mobile browsers.

Table 6-19. Flash Mobile version comparison


ActionScript version

Flash Video (FLV) support

Desktop Flash Player similarity

Flash Lite 1.0/1.1



Flash Player 4.0

Flash Lite 2.0/2.1



Flash Player 7.0

Flash Lite 3.0/3.1



Flash Player 8.0

Flash Lite 4.0



Flash Player 9.0

Flash Player 10.1




Figure 6-16 shows what users with noncompatible devices will see if you embed Flash content in your site.

The Flash Lite player can be used in menus, backgrounds, games/apps, and in the ...

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