You are previewing Programming the Mobile Web.

Programming the Mobile Web

Cover of Programming the Mobile Web by Maximiliano Firtman Published by O'Reilly Media, Inc.
  1. Programming the Mobile Web
    1. SPECIAL OFFER: Upgrade this ebook with O’Reilly
    2. Preface
      1. Who This Book Is For
      2. Who This Book Is Not For
      3. What You’ll Learn
      4. Other Options
      5. If You Like (or Don’t Like) This Book
      6. Conventions Used in This Book
      7. Using Code Examples
      8. How to Contact Us
      9. Safari® Books Online
      10. Acknowledgments
    3. 1. The Mobile Jungle
      1. Myths of the Mobile Web
      2. The Mobile Ecosystem
      3. Mobile Knowledge
      4. Brands, Models, and Platforms
      5. Technical Information
      6. Market Statistics
    4. 2. Mobile Browsing
      1. The Mobile Browsing Experience
      2. Mobile Web Eras
    5. 3. Architecture and Design
      1. Website Architecture
      2. Design and Usability
    6. 4. Setting Up Your Environment
      1. Setting Up a Development Environment
      2. Production Environment
    7. 5. Markups and Standards
      1. First, the Old Ones
      2. Current Standards
      3. XHTML Mobile Profile and Basic
      4. CSS for Mobile
      5. Confusion
    8. 6. Coding Markup
      1. Heading Structure
      2. The Document Body
      3. Plug-ins and Extensions
    9. 7. CSS for Mobile Browsers
      1. Where to Insert the CSS
      2. Selectors
      3. CSS Techniques
      4. Common Patterns
      5. CSS Sprites
      6. WebKit Extensions
    10. 8. JavaScript Mobile
      1. Supported Technologies
      2. Coding JavaScript for Mobile Browsers
    11. 9. Ajax, RIA, and HTML 5
      1. Ajax Support
      2. JavaScript Libraries
      3. WebKit CSS Extensions
      4. Mobile Rich Internet Applications
      5. HTML 5
    12. 10. Server-Side Browser Detection and Content Delivery
      1. Mobile Detection
      2. Content Delivery
      3. Multimedia and Streaming
      4. Content Adaptation
      5. Mobilizing WordPress and Other CMSs
    13. 11. Geolocation and Maps
      1. Location Techniques
      2. Detecting the Location
      3. Showing a Map
    14. 12. Widgets and Offline Webapps
      1. Mobile Widget Platforms
      2. Standards
      3. Platforms
      4. Widget Design Patterns
    15. 13. Testing, Debugging, and Performance
      1. Testing and Debugging
      2. Performance Optimization
    16. 14. Distribution and Social Web 2.0
      1. Mobile SEO
      2. Mobile Web Statistics
      3. Mobile Web Advertising
      4. Mobile Web Social Features
    17. A. MIME Types for Mobile Content
      1. Markup and Script MIME Types
      2. Image MIME Types
      3. Mobile Content MIME Types
      4. Audio and Video MIME Types
      5. Widget and Webapp MIME Types
    18. Index
    19. About the Author
    20. Colophon
    21. SPECIAL OFFER: Upgrade this ebook with O’Reilly

Current Standards

In terms of the mobile web today, our real work will be directly related to the following standards and pseudo-standards:

  • XHTML Mobile Profile 1.0, 1.1, and 1.2

  • XHTML Basic 1.0 and 1.1

  • XHTML 1.0 and 1.1

  • HTML 3.2 and 4.0

  • HTML 5.0 draft

  • De facto standard (X)HTML extensions


  • CSS Mobile Profile

  • CSS 2.1

  • CSS 3.0

  • CSS custom extensions

This may seem overwhelming, but don’t panic: it isn’t really that complicated. We can distinguish two types of standards: HTML-based and CSS-based.


This discussion will largely ignore the desktop web, but not because I believe in two different webs. Desktop web development relies on techniques designed for desktop browsers, like Internet Explorer or Firefox. Many of the techniques used in mobile web development are different.

Politics of the Mobile Web

Why are there so many standards? The first answer is politics. Politics? Yes. Many actors are involved in the mobile web, and everyone wants to be part of the decision-making process. Are mobile web standards “mobile enough” to be managed by mobile standards organizations, like the Open Mobile Alliance (OMA)? Are they “web enough” to be managed by web standards organizations, like the W3C? Do the manufactures have enough power to decide on their own markup? Figure 5-4 shows the mobile-specific and generic web standards that are available today and those that are currently in the pipeline.

Today, many standards exist for mobile web markup.

Figure 5-4. Today, ...

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