You are previewing Programming F#.

Programming F#

Cover of Programming F# by Chris Smith Published by O'Reilly Media, Inc.


Now that you understand delegates, let’s look at how to take advantage of them to create events. Events are just syntactic sugar for properties on classes that are delegates. So when an event is raised, it is really just invoking the combined delegates associated with the event.

Creating Events

Let’s start with a simple example and work backward from that. Unlike C# or VB.NET, there is no event keyword in F#.

Example 8-11 creates a NoisySet type that fires events whenever items are added and removed from the set. Rather than keeping track of event subscribers manually, it uses the Event<'Del, 'Arg> type, which will be discussed shortly.

Example 8-11. Events and the Event<_,_> type

type SetAction = Added | Removed

type SetOperationEventArgs<'a>(value : 'a, action : SetAction) =
    inherit System.EventArgs()

    member this.Action = action
    member this.Value = value

type SetOperationDelegate<'a> = delegate of obj * SetOperationEventArgs<'a> -> unit

// Contains a set of items that fires events whenever
// items are added.
type NoisySet<'a when 'a : comparison>() =
    let mutable m_set = Set.empty : Set<'a>

    let m_itemAdded =
        new Event<SetOperationDelegate<'a>, SetOperationEventArgs<'a>>()

    let m_itemRemoved =
        new Event<SetOperationDelegate<'a>, SetOperationEventArgs<'a>>()

    member this.Add(x) =
        m_set <- m_set.Add(x)
        // Fire the 'Add' event
        m_itemAdded.Trigger(this, new SetOperationEventArgs<_>(x, Added))

    member this.Remove(x) =
        m_set <- m_set.Remove(x)
        // Fire the 'Remove' event
        m_itemRemoved.Trigger(this, ...

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