You are previewing Programming F# 3.0, 2nd Edition.

Programming F# 3.0, 2nd Edition

Cover of Programming F# 3.0, 2nd Edition by Chris Smith Published by O'Reilly Media, Inc.
  1. Programming F# 3.0
  2. Preface
    1. Introducing F#
    2. Who This Book Is For
    3. What You Need to Get Going
    4. How the Book Is Organized
      1. Part I
      2. Part II
      3. Part III
    5. Part IV
    6. Conventions Used in This Book
    7. Using Code Examples
    8. Safari® Books Online
    9. I’d Like to Hear from You
    10. Acknowledgments
  3. I. Multiparadigm Programming
    1. 1. Introduction to F#
      1. Getting to Know F#
      2. Visual Studio 11
      3. F# Interactive
      4. Managing F# Source Files
    2. 2. Fundamentals
      1. Primitive Types
      2. Comparison and Equality
      3. Functions
      4. Core Types
      5. Organizing F# Code
    3. 3. Functional Programming
      1. Understanding Functions
      2. Pattern Matching
      3. Discriminated Unions
      4. Records
      5. Lazy Evaluation
      6. Sequences
      7. Queries
    4. 4. Imperative Programming
      1. Understanding Memory in .NET
      2. Changing Values
      3. Units of Measure
      4. Arrays
      5. Mutable Collection Types
      6. Looping Constructs
      7. Exceptions
    5. 5. Object-Oriented Programming
      1. Programming with Objects
      2. Understanding System.Object
      3. Understanding Classes
      4. Methods and Properties
      5. Inheritance
    6. 6. .NET Programming
      1. The .NET Platform
      2. Interfaces
      3. Object Expressions
      4. Extension Methods
      5. Extending Modules
      6. Enumerations
      7. Structs
  4. II. Programming F#
    1. 7. Applied Functional Programming
      1. Active Patterns
      2. Using Modules
      3. Mastering Lists
      4. Tail Recursion
      5. Programming with Functions
      6. Functional Patterns
      7. Functional Data Structures
    2. 8. Applied Object-Oriented Programming
      1. Operators
      2. Generic Type Constraints
      3. Delegates and Events
      4. Events
    3. 9. Asynchronous and Parallel Programming
      1. Working with Threads
      2. Asynchronous Programming
      3. Asynchronous Workflows
      4. Parallel Programming
      5. Task Parallel Library
    4. 10. Scripting
      1. F# Script Files
      2. Directives
      3. F# Script Recipes
    5. 11. Data Processing
      1. Indexing
      2. Querying
  5. III. Extending the F# Language
    1. 12. Reflection
      1. Attributes
      2. Type Reflection
      3. Dynamic Instantiation
      4. Using Reflection
    2. 13. Computation Expressions
      1. Toward Computation Expressions
      2. Computation Expression Builders
      3. Custom Computation Expression Builders
    3. 14. Quotations
      1. Quotation Basics
      2. Generating Quotation Expressions
    4. 15. Type Providers
      1. Typed Data Versus Typed Languages
      2. Type Providers
  6. IV. Appendixes
    1. A. Overview of .NET Libraries
      1. Visualization
      2. Data Processing
      3. Storing Data
    2. B. F# Interop
      1. .NET Interop
      2. Unmanaged Interop
  7. Index
  8. About the Author
  9. Colophon
  10. Copyright
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Chapter 7. Applied Functional Programming

Most of the programming you have done so far has been in the functional style. Although this has enabled you to write succinct, powerful programs, you never quite used the functional style to its full potential. Functional programming means more than just treating functions as values. Embracing the functional programming paradigm and having it help shape your thought process will enable you to write programs that would otherwise be prohibitively difficult in an imperative style.

In this chapter, we build on what you learned about functional programming back in Chapter 3, and introduce new language features that help you to be more productive in the functional style. For example, using active patterns allows you to increase the power of your pattern matching and eliminate the need for when guards, and by creating auto-opened modules, you can extend common F# modules.

In addition, we look at some of the more mind-bending aspects of functional programming. You will learn how to use advanced forms of recursion to avoid stack overflows and write more efficient programs using lists. We also take a look at some common design patterns and data structures for functional code.

To begin, let’s look at how to take pattern matching from “switch statements on steroids” to an entirely new level.

Active Patterns

Pattern matching adds power to your programming by giving you a way to be much more expressive in code branching than using if expressions alone. It ...

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