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Programmable Logic Controllers, 5th Edition by William Bolton

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Chapter 9. Timers
In many control tasks there is a need to control time. For example, a motor or a pump might need to be controlled to operate for a particular interval of time or perhaps be switched on after some time interval. PLCs thus have timers as built-in devices. Timers count seconds or fractions of seconds using the internal CPU clock. This chapter shows how such timer function blocks can be programmed to carry out control tasks.

9.1. Types of Timers

PLC manufacturers differ on how timers should be programmed and hence how they can be considered. A common approach is to consider timers to behave like relays with coils that when energized, result in the closure or opening of contacts after some preset time. The timer is thus treated as an ...

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