O'Reilly logo

Professional: JavaScript® for Web Developers, Third Edition by Nicholas C. Zakas

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

Chapter 14

Scripting Forms

WHAT’S IN THIS CHAPTER?

  • Understanding form basics
  • Text box validation and interaction
  • Working with other form controls

One of the original uses of JavaScript was to offload some form-processing responsibilities onto the browser instead of relying on the server to do it all. Although the Web and JavaScript have evolved since that time, web forms remain more or less unchanged. The failure of web forms to provide out-of-the-box solutions for common problems led developers to use JavaScript not just for form validation but also to augment the default behavior of standard form controls.

FORM BASICS

Web forms are represented by the <form> element in HTML and by the HTMLFormElement type in JavaScript. The HTMLFormElement type inherits from HTMLElement and therefore has all of the same default properties as other HTML elements. However, HTMLFormElement also has the following additional properties and methods:

  • acceptCharset — The character sets that the server can process; equivalent to the HTML accept-charset attribute.
  • action — The URL to send the request to; equivalent to the HTML action attribute.
  • elements — An HTMLCollection of all controls in the form.
  • enctype — The encoding type of the request; equivalent to the HTML enctype attribute.
  • length — The number of controls in the form.
  • method — The type of HTTP request to send, typically "get" or "post"; equivalent to the HTML method attribute.
  • name — The name of the form; equivalent to the HTML name attribute. ...

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, interactive tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required