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Professional Hadoop Solutions by Alexey Yakubovich, Kevin T. Smith, Boris Lublinsky

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Chapter 6

Automating Data Processing with Oozie

WHAT’S IN THIS CHAPTER?

  • Understanding Oozie fundamentals
  • Getting to know the main Oozie components and programming for them
  • Understanding the overall Oozie execution model
  • Understanding Oozie support for a Service Level Agreement

As you have learned in previous chapters, MapReduce jobs constitute the main execution engine of the Hadoop ecosystem. Over the years, solution architects have used Hadoop on complex projects. These architects have learned that utilizing MapReduce jobs without a higher-level framework for orchestration and control of their execution can result in complexities and potential pitfalls because of the following reasons:

  • Many data processing algorithms require execution of several MapReduce jobs in a certain sequence. (For specific examples of this, see Chapter 3.) For simple tasks, a sequence might be known in advance. Many times, however, a sequence depends on the intermediate execution results of multiple jobs. Without using a higher-level framework for controlling sequence execution, management of these tasks becomes quite difficult.
  • It is often advantageous to execute a collection of MapReduce jobs based on time, certain events, and the presence of certain resources (for example, HDFS files). Using MapReduce alone typically requires the manual execution of jobs, and the more tasks you have, the more complex this becomes.

You can alleviate these potential difficulties by leveraging the Apache Oozie Workflow ...

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