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Professional Development and Workplace Learning: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Book Description

No matter the field, discipline, or area of inquiry, the speed of current technological and procedural innovations means that new developments are often made obsolete quickly. To remain competitive, employees and organizational leaders alike must constantly stay informed of the latest advances in their respective fields. Professional Development and Workplace Learning: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications explores the methods, skills, and techniques that are essential to lifelong learning and professional advancement. This multivolume reference provides crucial insights to employees, managers, leaders, industry professionals, and academics interested in the constantly shifting shape of the modern workforce. This four-volume reference work contains seminal, cutting-edge research on topics such as educational technologies, virtual learning environments, professional development in the digital information age, the use of mobile technologies in continuing education, and more.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. Editor-in-Chief
    2. Associate Editors
    3. Editorial Advisory Board
  5. Preface
  6. Section 1: Fundamental Concepts and Theories
    1. Chapter 1: A Short History of Instruction in the Use of Libraries
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. EARLY BEGINNINGS
      4. EARLY TWENTIETH CENTURY
      5. INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF INSTRUCTION PROGRAMS
      6. MATURING OF AN AREA OF STUDY
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 2: Information Literacy and Lifelong Learning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. INFORMATION LITERACY
      4. LIFELONG LEARNING
      5. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INFORMATION LITERACY AND LIFELONG LEARNING
      6. BENEFITS OF INFORMATION LITERACY AND LIFELONG LEARNING
      7. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR IMPROVING INFORMATION LITERACY AND LIFELONG LEARNING
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 3: Informal Individual Learning via Virtual Professional Development
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONCLUSION
      4. REFERENCES
      5. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 4: Teachers as Researchers and Instructional Leaders
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. PEER PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE CLASSROOM CONTEXT
      5. FUTURE TRENDS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 5: The Benedum Collaborative
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. TRANSFORMATIVE EDUCATION AS SIMULTANEOUS SCHOOL-UNIVERSITY RENEWAL
      3. PROGRAM STRUCTURE
      4. EVALUATION OF THE STRATEGIC PLAN
      5. GOAL ANALYSIS AND STRATEGIC RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. DISCUSSANT
      7. RECOMMENDATIONS ON EVALUATING A SCHOOL: UNIVERSITY PARTNERSHIP
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 6: Transformative Professional Development
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. OUR PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT TEAMS OVER THE YEARS
      3. THE SPECIFICS OF ONE PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT TEAM
      4. OUR TEAM WITHIN THE RESEARCH ON PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT TEAMS
      5. SNAPSHOTS OF THREE PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT TEAM MEETINGS
      6. WHAT JANE LEARNED: THE IMPORTANCE OF STUDYING STUDENT WRITERS
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    7. Chapter 7: Information as a Human Right
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. SOCIETAL CONTEXT
      4. 3. HISTORY OF INFORMATION AS A HUMAN RIGHT
      5. 4. THE INFORMATION CYCLE AS A MODEL FOR IMPLEMENTING INFORMATION AS A HUMAN RIGHT
      6. 5. LITERACY AS A CONDITION OF INFORMATION AS A HUMAN RIGHT
      7. 6. LEARNING ACTIVITIES THAT SUPPORT INFORMATION LITERACY AS A HUMAN RIGHT
      8. 7. ORGANIZATIONAL CONDITIONS FOR IMPLEMENTING INFORMATION AS A HUMAN RIGHT
      9. 8. ISSUES IN INFORMATION HUMAN RIGHTS
      10. 9. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
    8. Chapter 8: Program Administration and Implementation of an Online Learning Initiative at a Historically Black College University
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. ORGANIZATION BACKGROUND
      3. SETTING THE STAGE
      4. CASE DESCRIPTION
      5. CURRENT CHALLENGES FACING THE ORGANIZATION
      6. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      9. ENDNOTES
    9. Chapter 9: Professional Development Needs and Resources for Government Document Librarians
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. NEEDS AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITIES
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. Chapter 10: Homeland Security Information Technology and Engineering (ITE) Professional Development Training for Educators in Urban High Schools
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. SETTING THE STAGE
      3. CASE DESCRIPTION
      4. DHS PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT TRAINING PROGRAM: WEEK 1 EVALUATION RESULTS
      5. DHS PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT TRAINING PROGRAM: WEEK 2 EVALUATION RESULTS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. Chapter 11: The Professional Development School
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SERVICE-LEARNING AND THE CONNECTION WITH PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT SCHOOLS
      4. BACKGROUND
      5. LITERACY FOR DEMOCRACY: SERVICE-LEARNING MODELS FOR CHANGE IN PDS
      6. FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. Chapter 12: Outlining the Value of Cognitive Studies in Increasing the Strategic Management within Organizations
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT IN ORGANIZATIONS
      4. COGNITIVE STUDIES APPROACH
      5. COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT TOOL APPLIED TO STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT
      6. CONCLUDING CONSIDERATIONS
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    13. Chapter 13: Optimizing Conditions for Learning and Teaching in K-20 Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. OVERVIEW
      3. OPTIMIZING CONDITIONS FOR ALL LEARNERS
      4. OPTIMIZING CONDITIONS FOR ALL TEACHERS
      5. TYPES OF OPTIMIZATIONS FOR K-20 TEACHERS
      6. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE TRENDS
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    14. Chapter 14: Overview of Theory and Practice in Library and Information Science Research in Asia-Oceania
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. THEORY AND PRACTICE IN LIS RESEARCH IN ASIA-OCEANIA
      3. HOW THIS BOOK IS ORGANISED
      4. REFERENCES
    15. Chapter 15: Getting the Context Right for Quality Teaching and Learning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. BACKGROUND
      3. PRINCIPLES
      4. PLANNING
      5. IMPLEMENTATION
      6. OUTCOMES
      7. THE PROGRAM REVITALISATION PROJECT (PRP)
      8. CONCLUSION: LESSONS LEARNED
      9. REFERENCES
    16. Chapter 16: Hard to Believe It All Started on a Napkin!
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DESCRIPTION OF THE PARTNERSHIP
      4. LONG TERM PARTNERS AND NEXT GENERATION
      5. BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES OF THE SCHOOL-UNIVERSITY PARTNERSHIP
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR LONG-TERM COLLABORATIONS
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS ON STUDYING LONG-TERM COLLABORATIONS
      9. SUMMARY
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    17. Chapter 17: Teaching and Assessing Problem Solving in Online Collaborative Environment
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    18. Chapter 18: LIS Undergraduate Education in New Zealand
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
      4. THE LIBRARY AND RECORDKEEPING ENVIRONMENT IN NEW ZEALAND
      5. LIS EDUCATION PROGRAMMES AND THEIR DEVELOPMENT
      6. CURRENT LIS UNDERGRADUATE EDUCATION
      7. ISSUES FOR LIS UNDERGRADUATE EDUCATION
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    19. Chapter 19: Professional Development for Teaching Writing in a Digital Age
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. GENRES OF DIGITAL TOOLS FOR TEACHING WRITING
      5. TEACHERS’ USE OF DIGITAL WRITING TOOLS FOR PROFESSIONAL PURPOSES
      6. PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
      7. DISCUSSION, RECOMMENDATIONS, AND REFLECTION
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      13. APPENDIX
  7. Section 2: Development and Design Methodologies
    1. Chapter 20: Professional Development 1.5
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. TWO APPROACHES TO PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
      5. DISCUSSION
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 21: Incorporating Information Literacy into Instructional Design within Pre-Service Teacher Programs
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. FROM INTELLECTUAL ACCESS TO INFORMATION LITERACY
      5. COLLABORATIONS TO FOSTER TEACHER LITERACY
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 22: Co-Development of Professional Practice at a Professional Development School through Instructional Rounds and Lesson Study
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE STUDY
      5. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS
      6. RESULTS
      7. LEVERAGING THE TRANSFORMATIVE PARTNERSHIP AT THE PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT SCHOOL THROUGH THE CO-DEVELOPMENT MODEL FOR PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
      8. IMPLICATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT SCHOOLS
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 23: Developing a More Systematic Approach to Professional Development School Partnerships
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. OVERVIEW
      3. THE NINE ESSENTIALS OF PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT SCHOOLS
      4. DESCRIPTION OF PDS NETWORK
      5. HISTORICAL CONTEXT
      6. IMPLICATIONS AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUDING THOUGHTS
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 24: The Networked Learning Framework
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. SOCIAL MEDIA AND EDUCATION
      3. COURSELETS
      4. FUTURE TRENDS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 25: Development of a Technology Plan
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTIONAL INTEGRATION
      4. STRATEGIES OF INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGY INTO THE CURRICULUM
      5. LEVELS OF TECHNOLOGY ACROSS THE CURRICULUM
      6. ESTABLISHING TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS
      7. STRATEGIES OF DEVELOPING EQUITY
      8. PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN
      9. TECHNICAL SUPPORT PLAN
      10. TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION
      11. SUPPORT STAFF
      12. A TECHNOLOGY PLAN TEMPLATE
      13. CONCLUSION
      14. REFERENCES
      15. ADDITIONAL READING
      16. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      17. APPENDIX
    7. Chapter 26: Development Curriculum for Knowledge-Based Organizations
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RESEARCH CASE, METHODS AND DATA
      4. A LEARNING NETWORK FOR KNOWLEDGE-BASED ORGANIZATIONS
      5. A CURRICULUM FOR A LEARNING NETWORK?
      6. THE MODEL OF THE FORUM AS A CURRICULUM (ANALYSIS)
      7. DISCUSSION
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ENDNOTES
    8. Chapter 27: Didactical Design for Online Process-Based Assessment in Teacher Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. LITERATURE ON WEB-BASED INNER ENVIRONMENTS
      5. METHODOLOGY
      6. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
      7. RESULTS
      8. DISCUSSION
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITION
    9. Chapter 28: Teaching MSE Students to Teach
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. USING DESIGN-BASED RESEARCH TO IMPLEMENT PROFESSIONAL SKILL DEVELOPMENT IN TECHNICAL CURRICULA
      5. DISCUSSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. APPENDIX A
      13. APPENDIX B
      14. APPENDIX C
    10. Chapter 29: Effective Online Learning Begins with Effective Teacher Preparation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CONCLUSION
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. Chapter 30: Promoting Multiculturalism in Technology Based-Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. COMPATIBILITY BETWEEN EDUCATOR AND LEARNER
      4. THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ESG FRAMEWORK FOR THE E-EDUCATION OF EDUCATORS OF SPECIAL GROUPS
      5. TESTING THE ESG FRAMEWORK: A PILOT E-LEARNING COURSE FOR EDUCATORS OF ROMA IN GREECE
      6. ASSESSMENT OF THE PILOT APPLICATION OF THE ESG FRAMEWORK
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    12. Chapter 31: Leveraging Asynchronous Online Instruction to Develop Elementary School Mathematics Teacher-Leaders
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK OF THE ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS PROGRAM
      4. COMPONENTS OF THE PROGRAM
      5. COURSES
      6. METHODS
      7. RESEARCH QUESTION THREE: AREAS TO IMPROVE THE ONLINE PROGRAM
      8. DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. APPENDIX: RUBRICS FOR STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES
    13. Chapter 32: Teachers Learn How to Effectively Integrate Mobile Technology by Teaching Students Using Math Snacks Animations and Games
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MATH SNACKS BACKGROUND
      4. MODEL A: MATH SNACK SUMMER CAMP
      5. MODEL B: 3-DAY GRADUAL RELEASE MODEL
      6. ADAPTATIONS OF MODELS FOR PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS
      7. ADAPTATIONS FOR HIGHER EDUCATION FACULTY
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH IMPLICATIONS IN FIELD OF MOBILE DEVICES AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  8. Section 3: Tools and Technologies
    1. Chapter 33: Teacher Development, Support, and Training with Mobile Technologies
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. A FRAMEWORK FOR PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
      4. TEACHER TRAINING AND SUPPORT FOR iPAD INTEGRATION IN THE CLASSROOM
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 34: Developing Faculty to Effectively Use Mobile Learning Technologies in Collegiate Classes
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CHALLENGES OF USING MOBILE LEARNING
      4. SUCCESSFUL FACULTY DEVELOPMENT
      5. NEXT GENERATION FACULTY DEVELOPMENT
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 35: It's Not All Fun and Games
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. ORGANIZATION BACKGROUND
      3. SETTING THE STAGE
      4. CASE DESCRIPTION
      5. CURRENT CHALLENGES FACING THE ORGANIZATION
      6. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      7. REFERENCES
    4. Chapter 36: Information Literacy
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RELATION: INFORMATION LITERACY AND THE DIGITAL DIVIDE
      4. INFORMATION LITERACY INITIATIVES IN INDIA, NEPAL, AND BANGLADESH
      5. INFORMATION LITERACY IN HIGHER EDUCATION IN INDIA, NEPAL, AND BANGLADESH: A SURVEY
      6. INFORMATION LITERACY PLANS FOR INDIA, NEPAL, AND BANGLADESH
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    5. Chapter 37: YouTube as a Teacher Training Tool
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THEORETICAL CONTEXT
      4. PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT CHALLENGES
      5. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY IN PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
      6. INFORMATIONAL AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY AS THE DELIVERY INSTRUMENT
      7. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
      8. RESEARCH QUESTIONS
      9. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
      10. METHODOLOGY
      11. LIMITATIONS
      12. RESULTS
      13. DISCUSSION
      14. CONCLUSION
      15. REFERENCES
    6. Chapter 38: Preparing Educators for Development of Innovative Teaching Using Mobile Technology
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. TEACHING WITH MOBILE TECHNOLOGY
      4. THEORETICAL MODELS OF MOBILE TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION
      5. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    7. Chapter 39: Introduction to Technology Integration and Leadership
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DEFINING PRINCIPAL TERMINOLOGIES
      4. FOUNDATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION AND LEADERSHIP
      5. LEADING TECHNOLOGY PLANNING
      6. LEADING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
      7. ROLES IN LEADING THE TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION EFFORT
      8. PRACTICAL SCENARIOS
      9. TECHNOLOGY LEADER AS RESEARCHER AND DISSEMINATOR
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ADDITIONAL READING
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    8. Chapter 40: Planning for and Managing iPads in a PreK-4th Grade Independent, Co-Educational Elementary School
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
      5. PLANNING AND CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT PRACTICES
      6. NEED FOR PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    9. Chapter 41: MOOCs in Initial Teacher Training
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. Chapter 42: Exploring the Use of Technology, Multimodal Texts, and Digital Tools in K-12 Classrooms
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. METHODOLOGY
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. Chapter 43: Integrating Computing Across the Curriculum
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE
      4. HISTORY AND DESCRIPTION OF ICAC MODEL
      5. DATA AND METHODS
      6. RESULTS
      7. DISCUSSION
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      13. ENDNOTES
    12. Chapter 44: Google Scholar as the Co-Producer of Scholarly Knowledge
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. GOOGLE SCHOLAR AS A HUMAN-TECHNOLOGICAL SYSTEM
      4. GOOGLE SCHOLAR AS INVISIBLE GATEKEEPER
      5. INFORMATION LITERACY AND THE POLITICS OF KNOWLEDGE CREATION
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. ENDNOTES
    13. Chapter 45: Differentiation 2.0
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ORGANIZATION BACKGROUND
      4. SETTING THE STAGE
      5. CASE DESCRIPTION
      6. CURRENT CHALLENGES FACING THE ORGANIZATION
      7. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. APPENDIX
    14. Chapter 46: Clinical Virtual Worlds
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CLINICAL VIRTUAL WORLDS: CATEGORIZED OVERVIEW OF VIRTUAL WORLDS IN CLINICAL PRACTICE
      4. CLINICAL VIRTUAL WORLDS: WIDER IMPLICATIONS FOR PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN HEALTHCARE
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      7. REFERENCES
    15. Chapter 47: Green Computing through Virtual Learning Environments
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    16. Chapter 48: Digital Library in a Collaborative Context
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. FIRST COLLABORATION: STAFF TRAINING PROGRAMME
      4. SECOND COLLABORATION: DEVELOPMENT AND RESEARCH IN INFORMATION LITERACY
      5. THIRD COLLABORATION: DEVELOPING MODELS OF DIGITAL REPOSITORIES
      6. THE FOURTH COLLABORATION: CHALLENGES FACED (OR NOT) IN LIBRARY LEADERSHIP
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    17. Chapter 49: Using Second Life to Support Student Teachers' Socio-Reflective Practice
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. ORGANIZATION BACKGROUND
      3. SETTING THE STAGE
      4. CASE DESCRIPTION
      5. CASE STUDY METHODOLOGY
      6. CURRENT CHALLENGES FACING THE ORGANIZATION
      7. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    18. Chapter 50: Going 11 with Laptop Computers in an Independent, Co-Educational Middle and High School
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
      4. PROBLEMS, ISSUES, AND CHALLENGES IMPLEMENTING THE 1:1 LAPTOP PROGRAM
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    19. Chapter 51: The Use of Digital Resources to Support Elementary School Teachers' Implementation of the Common Core State Standards
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
      4. MODES OF SUPPORT
      5. IMPLICATIONS AND CHALLENGES
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    20. Chapter 52: Padlet Walls, Weeblies, and Twitter
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. LITERATURE REVIEW
      5. METHODOLOGY AND FINDINGS
      6. DISCUSSION, RECOMMENDATIONS, REFLECTIONS
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  9. Section 4: Utilization and Application
    1. Chapter 53: The Integration of Digital Tools during Strategic and Interactive Writing Instruction
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE USE OF DIGITAL TOOLS DURING SIWI
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 54: Assessing a Statewide Professional Development Effort
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MEETING THE ORGANIZATIONAL NEED
      4. IMPORTANCE OF STATE CONFERENCES
      5. ASSESSMENT OF CONFERENCE PREFERENCES
      6. POST CONFERENCE ASSESSMENT
      7. IMPORTANCE OF ASSESSMENT OF THE LEADERSHIP INSTITUTE
      8. THE FORMAL ASSESSMENT
      9. CREATING THE PROGRAM
      10. ASSESSMENT POST LEADERSHIP INSTITUTE
      11. FUTURE TRENDS AND EXPECTATIONS
      12. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
      13. REFERENCES
      14. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      15. APPENDIX: SUMMARY OF PRE-CONFERENCE ASSESSMENT FOR 59 BIENNIAL
    3. Chapter 55: Health Information Literacy and the Experience of 65 to 79 Year Old Australians
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. RESEARCH PROTOCOL
      5. PARTICIPANTS’ EXPERIENCES
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 56: Clever Health
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CLEVER HEALTH EVALUATION
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 57: Contemporary Challenges and Preschool Teachers' Education in Croatia
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SETTING THE STAGE: AIMS OF THE STUDY
      4. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
      5. CURRENT CHALLENGES FACING THE STUDY PROGRAM: RESEARCH RESULTS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. ENDNOTES
    6. Chapter 58: Social Inclusion and the Digital Divide
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CURRENT STATUS AND ANALYSIS MODEL OF DIGITAL DIVIDE
      4. CURRENT STATUS OF DIGITAL DIVIDE AND CHALLENGES
      5. CASES OF KOREAN TERMS OF BRIDGING OF DIGITAL DIVIDE AND SOCIAL INCLUSION
      6. PROSPECTS: PREEMPTIVE PREPARATION WITH NEW TECHNOLOGIES FOR DIGITAL DIVIDE
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    7. Chapter 59: Removing Barriers
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. EFFECTIVE AFTER-SCHOOL PROGRAMMING
      4. SCHOOL-COMMUNITY PARTNERSHIPS
      5. THE INTENTIONAL TEACHING PROJECT
      6. METHODOLOGY
      7. RESULTS
      8. DISCUSSION
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    8. Chapter 60: Network-Based Continuous Education Opportunities
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. E-LEARNING AND NETWORK-BASED EDUCATION OPPORTUNITIES FOR TEACHERS IN HIGHER EDUCATION (THE CASE OF X MEDICAL UNIVERSITY)
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      8. ENDNOTES
    9. Chapter 61: The Nature of a Successful Online Professional Doctorate
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. BACKGROUND
      3. SETTING THE STAGE
      4. CASE DESCRIPTION
      5. THE CONTEXTS FOR TEACHER EDUCATION MODULE
      6. THE STUDENT EXPERIENCE: SIX STUDENT VOICES
      7. STUDENT VOICE 1: DR. PAUL SZE – HONG KONG
      8. STUDENT VOICE 2: DR. CHRISTINE SAVVIDOU – CYPRUS
      9. STUDENT VOICE 3: DR. MARK MINOT – CAYMAN ISLANDS
      10. STUDENT VOICE 4: NIKI CHRISTODOULOU – CYPRUS
      11. STUDENT VOICE 5: DR. DESPINA VARNAVA-MAROUCHOU – CYPRUS
      12. STUDENT VOICE 6: TONY DEGAZON – DUBAI
      13. A BRIEF REFLECTION ON THE STUDENT VOICES
      14. CURRENT CHALLENGES FACING THE ORGANIZATION
      15. REFERENCES
    10. Chapter 62: Twitter Chat as an Informal Learning Tool
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. BACKGROUND
      3. SETTING THE STAGE
      4. CASE DESCRIPTION
      5. CURRENT CHALLENGES FACING THE PROFESSION
      6. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. Chapter 63: Challenging Traditions
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE CONTEXT: UNDERSTANDING LAKE PRIMARY SCHOOL
      4. ONE-PERSON LEADERSHIP
      5. RESISTANCE TO CHANGE?
      6. CONTRASTIVE DISCOURSES OF FREEDOM AND AUTONOMY
      7. THE EMERGENT LITERACY PROGRAMME
      8. BACKGROUND
      9. PARTICIPATORY ACTION RESEARCH
      10. TEACHER IDENTITY, REFLECTION, AND COGNITION
      11. LEADERSHIP AND CHANGE
      12. UNDERSTANDING THE RESEARCH PROCESS: THE GENERATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA
      13. MAIN ISSUE: BUILDING AN IDENTITY IN TIMES OF CHANGE – BEING A FIRST FORM TEACHER AT LAKE PRIMARY: MARIANA’S IDENTITY
      14. FROM COLLEAGUE TO LEADER: BENEFITS AND CONFLICTS
      15. DEALING WITH INSTITUTIONAL CHANGE
      16. FREEDOM AS A CONSTRAINT
      17. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      18. FURTHER RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      19. REFERENCES
      20. ADDITIONAL READING
      21. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      22. ENDNOTES
    12. Chapter 64: Barriers to Emerging Technology and Social Media Integration in Higher Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CHANGE
      4. BARRIERS TO CHANGE
      5. CASE STUDIES
      6. METHOD
      7. CASE STUDY 1: NEW MEDIA FOR RESEARCH: RESEARCHING WITH NEW MEDIA
      8. CASE STUDY 2: TECHIE BREAK – 5 WEEKS, 5 DAYS, 5 SESSIONS OF TECHNOLOGY FOR EDUCATION
      9. CASE STUDY 3: SOCIAL MEDIA POLICY WORKSHOP – RAISING AWARENESS AND LEADING TO CHANGE
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    13. Chapter 65: Promoting Collaborative Learning in Online Teacher Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    14. Chapter 66: International Student Collaboration and Experiential Exercise Projects as a Professional, Inter-Personal and Inter-Institutional Networking Platform
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. INSTITUTIONAL CATEGORIZATION OF INTERNATIONAL STUDENT COLLABORATION PROJECTS
      4. 3. ANALYTICAL MODEL FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDENT COLLABORATION
      5. 4. EXPERIENTIAL EXERCISE PROJECTS AS A PROFESSIONAL, INTER-PERSONAL AND INTER-INSTITUTIONAL NETWORKING PLATFORM
      6. 5. LESSONS TO BE LEARN
      7. REFERENCES
    15. Chapter 67: Evaluation of a Hybrid Mathematics Methods Course for Novice Teachers
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. METHODS
      4. RESULTS
      5. DISCUSSION
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. APPENDIX A
      9. APPENDIX B
      10. APPENDIX C
    16. Chapter 68: Blended Learning Over Two Decades
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MATERIAL AND METHODS
      4. RESEARCH QUESTIONS
      5. RESULTS
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
    17. Chapter 69: Challenges about MOOCs in Teacher Training
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    18. Chapter 70: Nurses Using Social Media and Mobile Technology for Continuing Professional Development
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
      4. TERMINOLOGY CONSIDERATIONS
      5. AUSTRALIAN POLICY DEVELOPMENT
      6. SPECIFIC CPD REQUIREMENTS FOR NURSES
      7. IMPACT ON CPD OPPORTUNITIES
      8. THE NEXUS OF DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION TO SUPPORT CPD OPPORTUNITIES
      9. CONCERNS AND LIMITATIONS
      10. FORMAL AND INFORMAL METHODS OF CPD
      11. THE FUTURE OF M-LEARNING IN CPD
      12. CONCLUSION
      13. REFERENCES
      14. ADDITIONAL READING
      15. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    19. Chapter 71: Information Literacy among Undergraduate Students in Nigeria
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. RESEARCH OBJECTIVES
      4. 3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      5. 4. BENEFITS OF INFORMATION LITERACY TO UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS
      6. 5. PROBLEMS MILITATING AGAINST INFORMATION LITERACY OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS
      7. 6. METHODS
      8. 7. FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION
      9. 8. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
    20. Chapter 72: Convergence at What Cost?
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PROFESSIONAL IDENTITY DEVELOPMENT MODELS
      4. PROFESSIONAL IDENTITY DEVELOPMENT PEDAGOGY
      5. PROFESSIONAL IDENTITY DEVELOPMENT ACROSS EXPERIENCES AND TIME
      6. METHODOLOGY
      7. ANALYSIS
      8. DISCUSSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      13. APPENDIX
    21. Chapter 73: Cross-Sectional Evaluation of Distance Education Students' Learning Styles and Critical Thinking Dispositions in Turkey
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. 3. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
      5. 4. METHODS
      6. 5. FINDINGS
      7. 6. DISCUSSION
      8. 7. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
    22. Chapter 74: Information Literacy Awareness, Perception and Skills Assessment Using Students of National Open University in Southwest Nigeria
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. REVIEW OF RELATED STUDIES
      4. 3. METHODOLOGY
      5. 4. DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS
      6. 5. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      7. REFERENCES
  10. Section 5: Organizational and Social Implications
    1. Chapter 75: Information Literacy Support for Online Students in Higher Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. SOLUTION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 76: International School Teachers' Professional Development in Response to the Needs of Third Culture Kids in the Classroom
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THIRD CULTURE KIDS (TCKs)
      4. PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL TEACHERS
      5. FOCUS OF THE STUDY
      6. METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH
      7. TEACHER INTERVIEWS AND ANALYSIS
      8. DEFINING TCKs
      9. TEACHERS’ EXPERIENCE WITH TCK PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
      10. INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL TEACHERS’ TCK PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT NEEDS
      11. DISCUSSION
      12. CONCLUSION
      13. REFERENCES
      14. ADDITIONAL READING
      15. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 77: Social Bookmarking Pedagogies in Higher Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. METHODOLOGY
      5. STUDY 1: USING SOCIAL BOOKMARKING TO IMPROVE INFORMATION LITERACY IN INFORMATION STUDIES
      6. STUDY 2: USING SOCIAL BOOKMARKING TO DEVELOP FIRST YEAR STUDENTS’ INFORMATION LITERACY SKILLS IN HISTORY
      7. DISCUSSION
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
    4. Chapter 78: Pre-Service Teachers Engaging with Twitter as a Professional Online Learning Environment
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SOCIAL MEDIA IN EDUCATION
      4. RESEARCH DESIGN
      5. INTEGRATING TWITTER INTO THE LEARNING ENVIRONMENT
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 79: A Perfect Match
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. PROPOSING AND APPROACHING COLLABORATION
      5. DEFINING OBJECTIVES
      6. DIRECT INSTRUCTION
      7. INDIRECT INSTRUCTION
      8. ASSESSMENT
      9. BENEFITS, CHALLENGES, AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      10. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. REFERENCES
      13. ADDITIONAL READING
      14. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 80: Nurturing Teacher Development and Promoting Student Academic Achievement through a Reciprocal Learning Experience
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
      4. METHOD
      5. FINDINGS AND INTERPRETATIONS
      6. IMPLICATIONS
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    7. Chapter 81: Distance Educators and Librarians
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. 3. BENEFITS OF LIBRARY INSTRUCTION
      5. 4. DESIGNING CLASSES AROUND STUDENT NEEDS
      6. 5. IMPLEMENTING
      7. 6. TEACHING
      8. 7. ASSESSMENT
      9. 8. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
    8. Chapter 82: Teachers' Use of Social Networking Sites for Continuing Professional Development
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. TEACHERS’ USE OF SNS FOR CPD
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    9. Chapter 83: Leveraging a Professional Development School Project to Address Students' Learning in Elementary School Mathematics
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONTEXT OF THE PARTNERSHIP
      4. FRAMEWORK FOR THE PROJECT
      5. ASPECTS OF THE PROJECT
      6. EXAMINING THE INFLUENCE OF THE PROJECT
      7. IMPLICATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. Chapter 84: Sharing PDS Teacher Expertise with Pre-Service Teachers through Videos
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. SHARING PDS TEACHER EXPERTISE WITH PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS THROUGH VIDEOS
      3. VIGNETTES
      4. EXPERIENCED TEACHERS RESPONSE PANEL
      5. PARTICIPANTS’ PERSPECTIVES ON THEIR INVOLVEMENT WITH THE PROJECT
      6. THE PILOT IMPLEMENTATION OF THE DVD WITH UNDERGRADUATE PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS
      7. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. APPENDIX 1: PARTICIPANT CONSENT FORMS
      11. APPENDIX 2
    11. Chapter 85: Keeping It Social
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONCLUSION
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  11. Section 6: Managerial Impact
    1. Chapter 86: Workplace Learning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. ADDRESSING WORKPLACE LEARNING IN THE 21 CENTURY AS A PARADIGM SHIFT
      5. THE CHANGING LEARNER: THE SELF-LEARNER
      6. FUTURE TRENDS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 87: Strategic Management of Workplace E-Learning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE STRATEGIC ROLE OF LEARNING
      4. PLANNING WORKPLACE E-LEARNING
      5. FOCUS AREAS OF WORKPLACE E-LEARNING
      6. DETERMINING WHEN E-LEARNING WILL BE SCHEDULED
      7. DETERMINING RETURN ON INVESTMENT ON E-LEARNING FORMATS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
    3. Chapter 88: Exploring Workplace Experiences of Information Literacy through Environmental Scanning Process
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. METHODOLOGY
      5. RESULTS OF ANALYSIS
      6. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. ENDNOTES
    4. Chapter 89: The Roles of Professional Organizations in School Library Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. THE ROLES OF PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATIONS IN SCHOOL LIBRARY EDUCATION
      3. INTRODUCTION
      4. BACKGROUND
      5. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
      6. CURRENT WORKFORCE ISSUES
      7. CASE STUDIES OF PROFESSIONAL LIBRARY ASSOCIATIONS IN TEACHER LIBRARIANSHIP EDUCATION
      8. LINKING PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATION ROLES IN PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT TO THEORIES
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
    5. Chapter 90: Impact of Social Media on Information Professionals
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. CONCEPT OF SOCIAL MEDIA
      4. 3. LITERATURE REVIEW: IMPACT OF SOCIAL MEDIA
      5. 4. AFRICAN CONTEXT
      6. 5. CONCLUSION
      7. 6. RECOMMENDATION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 91: Cultivating Leaders from Within
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE PAPER
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      9. APPENDIX
    7. Chapter 92: An Honor to Train
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. PURPOSE OF STUDY AND RESEARCH QUESTIONS
      4. 3. REVIEW OF LITERATURE
      5. 4. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
      6. 5. METHOD
      7. 6. DATA COLLECTION METHOD
      8. 7. DISCUSSION
      9. 8. DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS
      10. REFERENCES
    8. Chapter 93: Interventions for Learning at Global Workplaces
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DENATURALIZING CULTURAL DIFFERENCES
      4. DEVELOPMENTAL VISIONS OF GLOBAL WORK PRACTICES
      5. CROSS-CULTURAL INTERVENTION FOR LEARNING
      6. INTERVENTION IN ACTION
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    9. Chapter 94: Using Technology to Address Workforce Readiness Skills
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
      4. BACKGROUND
      5. FUTURE TRENDS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
    10. Chapter 95: Preparing Tomorrow's Library Managers
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. METHOD AND RESEARCH DESIGN
      5. TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT OF LIBRARY LEADERS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. ENDNOTES
      12. APPENDIX
  12. Section 7: Critical Issues
    1. Chapter 96: What Do Library Workers Want From Professional Conferences?
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. METHODOLOGY
      5. RESULTS
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. APPENDIX
    2. Chapter 97: Global Literacy Skills and Collaborative Strategies for Enhancing Professional Development for Teachers and Educators
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. ACADEMIC FREEDOM AND TENURE DEFINITION
      5. GLOBALIZATION VERSUS INTERNATIONALIZATION
      6. CRITICAL LITERACY THEORY
      7. RATIONALE FOR CRITICAL LITERACY
      8. INTEGRATION OF CRITICAL LITERACY
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 98: Influence of Globalisation on Teaching and Learning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. TEACHING AND LEARNING IN THE GLOBALISATION ERA
      4. CONCEPT OF INFORMATION LITERACY
      5. INFORMATION LITERACY PROGRAMMES IN NIGERIAN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS
      6. IMPLEMENTATION OF INFORMATION LITERACY PROGRAMMES IN HEIS IN NIGERIA
      7. CHALLENGES TO IMPLEMENTATION OF INFORMATION LITERACY PROGRAMMES IN NIGERIAN HEIS
      8. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 99: The University Partnerships for Critical Reflection by Teacher Trainers
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 100: Quality Preparation of Mathematics and Science Teachers to Integrate ICT
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. QUALITY TEACHER PREPARATION AT ACADEMIA
      4. METHOD
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 101: Does Accredited Professional Development for Academics Improve Teaching and Learning in Higher Education?
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES
      3. CONTEXT AND LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. MEASURING IMPACT: A CASE STUDY
      5. FINDINGS
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. ENDNOTES
    7. Chapter 102: Toward Web 2.0 Integration in Indonesian Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
      4. BACKGROUND ON INDONESIAN GOVERNMENT AND LAWS
      5. THE STATUS OF WEB 2.0 IN INDONESIAN EDUCATION
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    8. Chapter 103: Zones of Intervention
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
      4. REFERENCES
    9. Chapter 104: Global Examples of Approaches to Teacher Education in the 21st Century
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ISSUES AND CONTROVERSIES IN TEACHER EDUCATION
      4. EXPLORING THE FINNISH MODEL OF TEACHER EDUCATION
      5. THE SINGAPOREAN MODEL FOR THE 21 CENTURY TEACHER EDUCATION
      6. THE PARTNERSHIP MODEL OF TEACHER EDUCATION
      7. COMMUNITIES OF PRACTICE (CoP) AS A THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. Chapter 105: Preschool Teacher Identity
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION: CROATIAN CONTEXT OF PRESCHOOL TEACHERS’ IDENTITY
      3. BACKGROUND: FUNDAMENTALS OF A NEW STUDY PROGRAM IN EARLY AND PRESCHOOL CARE AND EDUCATION AT FACULTY OF TEACHER EDUCATION IN RIJEKA
      4. MAIN FOCUS: THREE RESEARCH ISSUES
      5. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. Chapter 106: Information Literacy Research
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. RELATIONAL APPROACH TO INFORMATION LITERACY
      5. RESEARCH CONTEXTS
      6. EMERGING RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. Chapter 107: Reference and Instruction Services as an Integrated Approach
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE LINKED HISTORY OF REFERENCE AND INSTRUCTION SERVICES
      4. REQUIRED AREAS OF INTEGRATION
      5. CHALLENGES TO ACADEMIC LIBRARIES TODAY
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
    13. Chapter 108: What's In It for Me?
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. AT THE INTERSECTION OF PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND VIRTUAL WORLDS
      5. ISSUES, SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. APPENDIX: SELECTED CONFERENCES IN SECOND LIFE
  13. Section 8: Emerging Trends
    1. Chapter 109: Empires of the Future
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DISRUPTIVE AND SUSTAINING TECHNOLOGIES
      4. STUDENT RESPONSE SYSTEMS (AKA ‘CLICKERS’)
      5. DISTANCE EDUCATION
      6. ACADEMIC LIBRARIES, TECHNOLOGY, AND THE FUTURE
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 110: Early Childhood Programs as Professional Development Schools
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
      3. ESTABLISHING AND MAINTAINING EARLY CHILDHOOD PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT SCHOOLS
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 111: Teacher Training and Technology
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. EXAMPLES OF TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATED PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT FOR TEACHERS
      5. FUTURE TRENDS: TECHNOLOGY AND TEACHER PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 112: Teacher Professional Development
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. METHODOLOGY
      5. RESULTS
      6. DISCUSSION, IMPLICATIONS, AND CONCLUSIONS
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. APPENDIX A
      12. APPENDIX B
    5. Chapter 113: Commitment to Change and Action
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION AND FOCUS
      3. PURPOSE
      4. SECTIONS OF THE CHAPTER: SETTING THE STAGE
      5. THE NATURE AND ESSENTIALS OF A HOLISTIC PARTNERSHIP
      6. SIX ESSENTIAL TRANSFORMATIVE LEADERSHIP AND EDUCATIONAL PRACTICES
      7. A NEW PRINCIPAL’S JOURNEY AND INITIAL CHALLENGE TO ADVANCE A HOLISTIC PARTNERSHIP
      8. FUTURE DIRECTION: INNOVATIVE CAREER LADDERS FOR EDUCATORS OF A HOLISTIC PDS PARTNERSHIP
      9. CAREER LADDER INNOVATOR PROGRAMS AND SYSTEM (CLIPS) FOR TEACHERS AND PRINCIPALS
      10. NEW DIRECTION AND LENS FOR POLICY RESEARCH IN A HOLISTIC PDS PARTNERSHIP
      11. FINAL COMMENT
      12. REFERENCES
      13. ADDITIONAL READING
      14. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      15. ENDNOTES
    6. Chapter 114: Growing Library Leaders for the Future
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT: THE CALLI MODEL
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      9. APPENDIX
    7. Chapter 115: Technology Expanding Horizons in Teacher Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. RESEARCH QUESTIONS AND METHODOLOGY
      5. FINDINGS
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    8. Chapter 116: The Development and Change of Teachers' Strategic Knowledge in Teachers' Online Community of Practice
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. PURPOSE, RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
    9. Chapter 117: Library Science and Technology in a Changing World
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. BACKGROUND
      3. THE INFORMATION SOCIETY
      4. INFORMATION LITERACY WITHIN THE INFORMATION SOCIETY
      5. LIBRARY SCIENCE IN A WORLD OF TECHNOLOGY CHANGE
      6. THE LIBRARY AS A TECHNOLOGY SOCIAL SAFETY NET
      7. FUTURE TRENDS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. Chapter 118: Library Instruction in the 21st Century
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. STANDARDS FOR INFORMATION LITERACY PROGRAMS
      4. CURRENT MODELS FOR LIBRARY INSTRUCTION
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES