**Prerequisites**

*Before you start reading this unit, you should:*

- Know elementary concepts of set theory
- Have knowledge in permutations and combinations

**Learning Objectives**

*After going through this unit, you would be able to:*

- Understand the concepts of probability and conditional probability
- Understand addition theorem and multiplication theorems
- Understand Baye’s theorem
- Apply the concept of Baye’s theorem to some numerical examples

The Unit starts with some elementary concepts of set theory, basic definitions required for probability, and the axioms of probability. It also covers the definition of conditional probability, multiplication theorem, and some theorems based on independent events. The Unit ends with Baye’s ...

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