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Pro Tools® 8 Power! The Comprehensive Guide

Book Description

Get the most out of Pro Tools with the definitive guidebook! Covering the LE, M-Powered, and HD versions of Pro Tools for music, post, and multimedia users at all levels, Pro Tools 8 Power! is the perfect resource for both newcomers looking to get up and running, and more advanced users who would like a complete desk reference on the new version. Completely updated for Pro Tools 8, everything from basic audio concepts and setting up your system to editing, mixing, plug-ins, MIDI, and much more is here in a usable format that explains techniques in plain language. Helpful keyboard shortcuts for Windows and Macintosh as well as informative notes and helpful tips are included throughout the text.

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
  2. Acknowledgments
    1. Christopher R. Burns Wishes to Thank
    2. Colin MacQueen Wishes to Thank
    3. Steve Albanese Wishes to Thank
  3. About the Authors
  4. Introduction
    1. How to Use This Book
    2. Who Can Benefit
    3. Quick Start for You Impatient Types
    4. Conventions Used in This Book
      1. Keyboard Shortcuts (Macintosh/Windows)
      2. Pro Tools Versions
    5. What’s Not in This Book
      1. Computer Fundamentals
      2. Older “Legacy” Versions of Pro Tools
      3. Future Versions of Pro Tools, TBA Next Week/Month/Year …
      4. Other Programs
    6. Thank You!
  5. 1. About Pro Tools
    1. What Is Pro Tools?
    2. How It Works
      1. Digital Audio Is Data, Representing Audio Waveforms
      2. MIDI Is Data, Representing Performance Events and Controller Data
    3. Multitrack Recording, Mixdown, and Mastering: An Overview
    4. Digital-Audio Basics
      1. Introduction: Analog Recording
      2. Sampling Theory Overview
    5. MIDI Basics
      1. MIDI File Formats
      2. Software-Based Virtual Instruments for MIDI
    6. Summary
  6. 2. Pro Tools Terms and Concepts
    1. Pro Tools Data and Files
      1. Session
      2. Audio File
      3. Region
      4. Track
      5. Playlist
    2. How Pro Tools Handles Audio
      1. Voice, Track Priority
      2. Channel
      3. Virtual Tracks Versus Physical Tracks
      4. Destructive Versus Non-destructive Editing
      5. Fade, Crossfade
    3. Mixing Concepts
      1. Grouping Tracks
      2. Busses
      3. Sends
      4. Aux Input Tracks
      5. Instrument Tracks
      6. Master Fader Tracks
      7. Plug-ins
      8. Inserts
      9. Bouncing to Disk
    4. Digidesign Technology
      1. DAE (Digidesign Audio Engine)
      2. TDM (Time-Division Multiplexing)
      3. ReWire (and the DigiReWire Plug-in)
      4. Elastic Audio (Versions 7.4 and Higher)
    5. Summary
  7. 3. Your System Configuration
    1. Basic Components
      1. Computer
      2. Monitor(s)
      3. Hard Drive(s)
      4. Peripheral Equipment
        1. MIDI Interface
        2. SMPTE Interface
        3. MIDI Instruments/Controllers
        4. CD/DVD Recording Drive
        5. Audio Mixer or Mic Preamp
        6. Speakers, Amplification
    2. Pro Tools Hardware Configurations
      1. Mbox 2 Family (Pro Tools 8 LE and a Digidesign Audio/MIDI Interface)
        1. Mbox 2 (USB)
        2. Mbox 2 Mini (USB)
        3. Mbox 2 Micro (USB)
        4. Mbox 2 Pro (FireWire)
      2. Digi 003 and Digi 003 Rack (Pro Tools LE and an External FireWire Audio/MIDI Interface)
        1. The Digi 003 Control Surface
        2. The Digi 003 Rack + Factory
      3. M-Powered (Pro Tools M-Powered and an M-Audio Interface)
        1. FireWire-Based Systems
        2. USB-Based Systems
        3. PCI Card–Based Systems
        4. A Comparison of M-Audio Interfaces for Pro Tools M-Powered
      4. Pro Tools|HD (External Audio Interfaces)
      5. Older PT Configurations
        1. Digi 002 Family (Pro Tools LE and External Audio Interface/Control Surface)
        2. Mbox (Pro Tools LE and External USB Audio Interface)
        3. Pro Tools | 24 MIX, Pro Tools | 24 MIXplus, Pro Tools | 24 MIX3 (TDM)
        4. Digi 001 (Pro Tools LE and Digi 001 Card, External Audio Interface)
    3. iLok USB Smart Key
    4. Digidesign Control Surfaces for Pro Tools
      1. Command|8
      2. Control|24 (Discontinued)
      3. C|24
      4. ProControl (Discontinued)
      5. D-Control
      6. D-Command
      7. Venue
    5. Summary
  8. 4. Creating Your First Pro Tools Session
    1. Your First Session
      1. Setting Up a New Session
      2. Your First Recording
      3. Importing Audio into Pro Tools
    2. Editing and Effects
      1. Editing
      2. Inserting Plug-in Effects
    3. Mixdown
      1. Mixing
      2. Bounce to Disk
    4. Summary
  9. 5. The Transport Window
    1. Transport Buttons
      1. Play/Stop
      2. Rewind/Fast Forward
      3. Return to Zero/Go to End
      4. Online
      5. Record
    2. Transport Window Fields
      1. Main/Sub Indicators for Current Location
      2. Play Selection: Start/End/Length Fields
      3. Pre-Roll/Post-Roll
      4. Transport Master
      5. Record Enable Status/Input Status
    3. MIDI Transport Controls
      1. Wait for Note
      2. Metronome Click
      3. Countoff
      4. MIDI Merge
      5. Conductor Track
      6. Current Meter
      7. Tempo
    4. Summary
  10. 6. The Edit Window
    1. Edit Tools: The Zoomer, Trimmer, Selector, Grabber, Smart Tool, Scrubber, and Pencil
      1. Zoomer
      2. Trimmer
      3. Selector
      4. Grabber
      5. Smart Tool
      6. Scrubber
      7. Pencil
    2. Edit Modes: Slip, Shuffle, Grid, and Spot
      1. Slip
      2. Shuffle
      3. Grid
      4. Spot
    3. Zoom Controls and Zoom Preset Buttons
      1. Zoom Toggle Icon
    4. Event Edit Area (Selection/Position Indicators)
      1. Edit Selection Indicators (Start/End/Length)
      2. Main/Sub Counters
      3. MIDI Note Attributes
    5. Edit Window Transport Buttons
    6. Other Edit Window Fields
      1. Tab to Transients
      2. Link Timeline and Edit Selection
      3. Link Track and Edit Selection
      4. Mirrored MIDI Editing
      5. Insertion Follows Playback
      6. Grid Display and Grid Value Display
      7. Nudge Value Display
      8. Cursor Location/Cursor Value
      9. Ruler View Selector
      10. Edit Window View Selector
      11. Linearity Display Mode Selector
      12. Commands Focus
    7. Regions List
      1. Using the Regions List’s Local Menu
        1. Select (Unused Regions, Unused Regions Except Whole Files, Offline)
        2. Clear Selected
        3. Compact Selected
        4. Export Region Definitions
        5. Export Regions as Files
    8. Edit Groups List
    9. Tracks List
    10. Track View Selector for Track Data
      1. Audio
      2. Aux Input
      3. VCA Master (Pro Tools HD Only)
      4. Master Fader
      5. MIDI and Instrument Tracks
    11. Track Height Selector
    12. Playlist Selector (Audio and MIDI Tracks)
    13. Samples/Ticks Timebase Selector
    14. Track Color Indicators
    15. Timeline Display: Timebase Rulers and Marker Memory Locations
      1. Markers Ruler
      2. Tempo and Meter Rulers
        1. Song Start Marker
      3. Key Signature Ruler
    16. Managing Multiple Takes
      1. Assembling a Comp Track
    17. Real-Time MIDI Properties on MIDI/Instrument Tracks
    18. More About Automation in Pro Tools
      1. Automation Modes
      2. Automation Window
    19. Automation and Controller Lanes
    20. Tempo Editor
    21. Summary
  11. 7. The Mix Window
    1. Mixer Strip Elements
      1. Audio Tracks
        1. Track Name and Comments
        2. Track and Channel Color Strips
        3. Volume Fader and Level Meter
        4. Pan
        5. Track Controls: Solo, Mute, Record Enable, Voice Selector, Track Input Enable
        6. Automation Mode Selector
        7. Input/Output Section: Output Selector, Input Selector, Pan Indicator, Volume/Peak/Channel Delay Indicators
        8. Sends A–E, F–J
        9. Inserts
      2. Aux Inputs
        1. Pan
        2. Aux Input Track Controls: Solo, Mute
        3. Input/Output Section: Volume/Peak/Channel Delay and Pan Indicators, Output Assignment, Input Selector
        4. Sends
        5. Inserts
      3. Master Faders
        1. Input/Output Section: Volume/Peak/Channel Delay Indicator, Output Selector
        2. Sends
        3. Inserts
      4. MIDI Tracks
        1. Track Name and Comments
        2. MIDI Volume and Velocity Level Meters
        3. MIDI Pan
        4. MIDI Track Controls: Solo, Mute, Record Enable, MIDI Program Selector
        5. Automation Mode Selector
        6. Input/Output Section: MIDI Volume/Pan Indicators, Device/Channel Selectors for MIDI Input/Output
      5. Instrument Tracks
        1. Volume Fader and Level Meter
        2. Pan
        3. Instrument Track Controls: Solo, Mute, Record Enable
        4. Input/Output Section: Input Selector, Output Selector, Pan Indicators, Volume/Peak/Channel Delay
        5. Inserts
        6. Instrument Section
    2. Mix Window View Selector
    3. Output Windows
      1. Safe Button for Automation
      2. Linked Panners (Multichannel and Stereo Tracks Only)
      3. Inverse Pan (Multichannel and Stereo Tracks Only)
    4. Tracks List
    5. Mix Groups List
    6. Summary
  12. 8. Menu Selections: Highlights
    1. File Menu
      1. Save, Save As, Save Copy In, Revert to Saved
        1. Save
        2. Save As
        3. Save Copy In
        4. Revert to Saved
      2. Bounce to > Disk
      3. Bounce to > QuickTime Movie
      4. Import Submenu
        1. Import > Session Data
        2. Import > Audio, Import > MIDI
        3. Import > Video
        4. Import > Region Groups
    2. Edit Menu
      1. Cut/Copy/Paste/Clear Special
      2. Selection Submenu
      3. Duplicate, Repeat
      4. Shift
      5. Trim Region Submenu
      6. Separate Region Submenu/Heal Separation
      7. Strip Silence
      8. Consolidate
      9. Mute/Unmute
      10. Fades
    3. View Menu
      1. Narrow Mix Window
      2. Mix Window/Edit Window Submenus
      3. Rulers Submenu
      4. Region Submenu
        1. Sync Point
        2. Warp Indicator (Versions 7.4 and Higher)
        3. Overlap
      5. Track Number
      6. Transport Submenu
      7. Main Counter Submenu
    4. Track Menu
      1. New (Tracks)
      2. Group (Tracks)
      3. Split into Mono
      4. Make Inactive/Active
      5. Delete
      6. Write MIDI Real-Time Properties
      7. Input Only/Auto Input Monitoring
      8. Scroll to Track
      9. Clear All Clip Indicators
      10. Create Click Track
    5. Region Menu
      1. Edit Lock/Unlock
      2. Time Lock/Unlock
      3. Send to Back/Bring to Front
      4. Group/Ungroup/Ungroup All/Regroup
      5. Loop/Unloop
      6. Capture
      7. Identify Sync Point/Remove Sync Point
      8. Quantize to Grid
      9. Elastic Properties (Versions 7.4 and Higher)
      10. Conform to Tempo (Versions 7.4 and Higher)
    6. Event Menu
      1. Time Operations Submenu: Change Meter, Insert Time, Cut Time, Move Song Start
        1. Change Meter
        2. Insert Time, Cut Time
        3. Move Song Start
      2. Tempo Operations Submenu
      3. Event Operations Submenu
        1. Quantize (on MIDI Events)
        2. Quantize (on Audio Regions)
        3. Change Velocity and Change Duration
        4. Transpose
        5. Select/Split Notes
        6. Input Quantize
        7. Step Input
        8. Restore Performance
        9. Flatten Performance
      4. MIDI Event List
      5. MIDI Track Offsets
      6. MIDI Real-Time Properties
      7. Remove Duplicate Notes
      8. Add Key Change
      9. Beat Detective
      10. Identify Beat
      11. Renumber Bars
      12. All MIDI Notes Off: The Panic Button!
    7. AudioSuite Menu
    8. Options Menu
      1. Destructive Record
      2. Loop Record
      3. QuickPunch
      4. TrackPunch (HD Systems Only)
      5. Video Track Online
      6. Video Out FireWire (Mac Only)
      7. Scrub In Video Window
      8. Loop Playback
      9. Link Timeline and Edit Selection
      10. Link Track and Edit Selection
      11. Mirror MIDI Editing
      12. Automation Follows Edit
      13. Click/Countoff
      14. MIDI Thru
      15. Pre-Fader Metering
      16. Auto-Spot Regions
      17. Low-Latency Monitoring (Digi 002 Systems Only)
      18. Use Delay Compensation (HD Systems Only)
    9. Setup Menu
      1. Hardware (Setup)
      2. Playback Engine
      3. Disk Allocation
      4. Peripherals
      5. I/O
      6. Session
      7. Setup > MIDI Submenu
        1. MIDI Studio Setup (Mac)
        2. MIDI Studio Setup (Windows)
        3. MIDI Beat Clock
        4. Input Filter
        5. Input Devices
      8. Click/Countoff
      9. Preferences
        1. Display Preferences
        2. Operation Preferences
        3. Editing Preferences
        4. Mixing Preferences
        5. Processing Preferences
        6. MIDI Preferences
    10. Window Menu
      1. Window Configurations
      2. Task Manager Window
      3. Workspace Browser Window
      4. Project Browser Window
      5. Catalog Browser Window
      6. Big Counter
      7. Automation Enable
      8. Memory Locations
        1. Markers
        2. Selections
      9. Video Universe
      10. Color Palette
      11. Undo History
      12. Disk Space and System Usage
    11. Summary
  13. 9. Plug-ins, Inserts, and Sends
    1. Signal Routing in Pro Tools
      1. Input Channels
      2. Audio and Aux Input Tracks
      3. Instrument Tracks
      4. Inserts
      5. Sends
      6. Busses
      7. Master Faders
      8. Output Channels
    2. Plug-in Architectures
      1. AudioSuite
      2. RTAS (Real-Time AudioSuite)
      3. TDM (Time-Division Multiplexing), TDM II
      4. Wrapped Plug-ins
    3. Plug-in Effects
      1. About Digital Signal Processing (DSP)
      2. Categories of Audio Effects
        1. Frequency-Based Effects
        2. Gain-Based Effects
        3. Time-Based Effects
        4. Reverb Effects
        5. Pitch-Based Effects
        6. Modeling Effects
        7. Other: Special FX
      3. Plug-ins Included with Pro Tools 8
      4. Third-Party Plug-in Developers
    4. Tips for Using Sends (to External I/O, PT Busses, and Aux Inputs)
    5. ReWire
    6. Getting the Most Out of Available DSP
      1. Where to Place Plug-ins
      2. AudioSuite Effects Versus Real-Time Plug-ins
      3. Bouncing Effects into Tracks and Submixes
        1. Managing Multiple Session Documents
        2. Turning Voice Assignment Off
        3. Track Muting, Voice Allocation Within a Session (HD Only)
    7. Summary
  14. 10. MIDI
    1. A Technical Overview of MIDI
      1. MIDI Data
    2. MIDI Interface Options
      1. Digidesign MIDI I/O
    3. MIDI Setup
      1. Macintosh (Audio MIDI Setup)
      2. Windows
    4. External MIDI Devices
    5. Virtual Instruments
      1. Why Use Virtual Instruments Instead of External MIDI Gear?
      2. Virtual Instrument Programs (ReWire)
      3. Virtual Instrument Plug-ins for Pro Tools
    6. Recording into MIDI and Instrument Tracks
      1. MIDI Recording Modes
    7. Editing MIDI and Instrument Tracks in the Edit Window
    8. The MIDI Editor Window
    9. The Event Menu
      1. Time Operations
        1. Change Meter
        2. Insert Time
        3. Cut Time
        4. Move Song Start
      2. Tempo Operations
        1. Using the Tempo Ruler’s Tempo Change Dialog Box
      3. Event Operations
        1. Quantize
          1. Quantize Grid
          2. Tuplet
          3. Randomize
          4. Swing
          5. Include Within
          6. Strength
        2. Restore Performance
        3. Flatten Performance
        4. Step Input
      4. MIDI Real-Time Properties
      5. Remove Duplicate Notes
      6. Beat Detective
      7. Identify Beat
      8. Renumber Bars
      9. All MIDI Notes Off
    10. Other Commands Relating to MIDI
    11. Summary
  15. 11. Synchronization
    1. Synchronization Defined
    2. SMPTE Time Code
      1. Synchronization Example with an External Video Deck
      2. SMPTE Time Code Formats: LTC, VITC, and MTC
      3. Frame Rates (30/29.97 Drop/Non-Drop, 25, 24 Frames per Second)
    3. MIDI Time Code (MTC)
    4. SMPTE Peripherals
      1. SMPTE/MIDI Interface (Trigger Sync)
      2. SMPTE/MIDI Interface Plus Separate Hardware Clock
      3. Synchronizers That Include Reference Sync
    5. Types of Synchronization
      1. Trigger Sync
      2. Continuous Resync
      3. Reference Sync
    6. Using QuickTime, Other Digital Video File Formats
    7. Summary
  16. 12. The Pro Tools Groove
    1. Combining MIDI and Audio
      1. Using “Assembled” Percussion Parts and Region Groups
    2. Looping Audio Regions
      1. The Event > Identify Beat Command
      2. The Region > Loop/Unloop Commands
        1. Loop Trimmer
        2. Duplicating Automation in Your Loop Aliases
      3. Using the Time Trimmer for Adjusting Durations
    3. Working with REX and ACID Files
      1. Importing REX/ACID Files into Pro Tools
        1. Using REX/ACID Region Groups in Your Tracks (Versions 7.3 and Lower)
        2. Using REX/ACID Files with Elastic Audio (Versions 7.4 and Higher)
    4. Building a Better Groove
    5. Elastic Audio
      1. Event Markers and Warp Markers
      2. Editing Event and Warp Markers
      3. Elastic Audio Plug-in Window
      4. Elastic Properties Window
      5. Using the DigiBase Browsers with Elastic Audio
    6. Beat Detective
      1. Beat Detective Modes
    7. Summary
  17. 13. A Multitrack Music Session
    1. Track Setup and Click Track for Recording
      1. Track Setup for Recording
        1. Create Audio Tracks and Aux Inputs
        2. Name Your Tracks; Select Their Input Sources
      2. Click Track
      3. Creating Effects and a Drum Submix
    2. Setting Up a Cue Mix with Effects
      1. Creating Multiple Cue Mix Sends
    3. Making the Most of Available Tracks
    4. Tips for Remote Recording with Pro Tools
    5. Summary
  18. 14. Postproduction and Soundtracks
    1. Synchronization Setup
      1. MachineControl
      2. AVoption|V10
      3. Avid Mojo SDI
      4. DV Toolkit 2 (Pro Tools LE Only)
    2. Using Video Files in Post
    3. Tips for Recording Voice-Overs
    4. Spotting Techniques, Sound Effects
      1. Spot Edit Mode
      2. Auto-Spotting Regions
      3. VocALign
    5. Surround Mixing
      1. Surround Formats Overview
      2. Software and Hardware Accessories for Surround
      3. Monitoring in Surround on a Budget
      4. Stereo Compatibility
    6. Audio Editing for Avid-Based Video Projects
      1. File Formats
      2. OMF, AAF, and the DigiTranslator Program
      3. Gain Optimization for Video
        1. Normalization
        2. Compression
    7. Audio Editing for Linear (Tape-Based) Video Suites
      1. Audio Transfer from Tape Master
        1. Specifications: Audio Tracks on VTRs
        2. Pull-Up and Pull-Down Sample Rates
      2. Synchronized Layback
        1. Sync Issues: House Sync
        2. Analog Versus Digital
    8. Summary
  19. 15. Sound Design for Interactive Media
    1. Sound-Effects Libraries, Synths/Samplers, Sound Creation
    2. Common Multimedia File Formats
    3. How Audio is Used in Interactive Media
      1. Voice-Overs
      2. Buttons/Links
      3. Music/Effects Backgrounds
    4. Sharing Well with Others: About Bandwidth
      1. Sample Rate
      2. Bit Depth
      3. Managing Audio Levels
      4. Audio Data Compression
      5. Creating Audio for Digital Video Files
    5. Summary
  20. 16. Bouncing to Disk, Other File Formats
    1. Bounce to Disk
      1. Converting to Common Audio File Formats
    2. Bounce to QuickTime Movie
    3. Normalization and Gain Optimization
      1. Normalizing Within Pro Tools
      2. Normalizing Bounced Mixes
      3. Digidesign Dither Plug-ins
      4. Other Dithering Options
    4. Sample Rate and Bit Depth
    5. Compressed File Formats (MP3, AAC, MPEG-4, RealAudio, and So On)
      1. MP3
      2. MPEG-4 and AAC
    6. Additional Audio-Editing Programs
      1. Peak Pro (Mac)
      2. Sound Forge (Windows)
      3. WaveLab (Windows)
      4. Audacity (Mac, Windows, Linux)
      5. Autodesk Cleaner, Cleaner XL
      6. DVD Studio Pro (Mac)
    7. Audio CD Creation
      1. Programs for One-Off Copies
        1. Toast (Mac)
        2. iTunes
      2. Easy Media Creator (Windows)
        1. Sound Forge (Windows)
      3. Programs for Creating Duplication Masters for Commercial CDs
        1. Sony CD Architect (Windows)
        2. WaveLab (Windows)
        3. Nero (Windows)
    8. Summary
  21. 17. The Score Editor Window
    1. Using the Edit Tools
      1. Editing with the Pencil Tool
    2. Keys, Meters, and Chords in the Score Editor Window
      1. Meter Change
      2. Key-Signature Change
      3. Chord Change
    3. Settings and Setups
      1. The Notation Display Track Settings
      2. The Score Setup
    4. Summary
  22. 18. Pro Tools Power: The Next Step
    1. Upgrade Path: For Your System
      1. Pro Tools Hardware Upgrades
      2. Computer Hardware and Operating System Upgrades
      3. Pro Tools Software Upgrades
      4. Pro Tools Peripherals
      5. Audio Hardware
        1. Pro Tools|HD Systems
        2. Digi 003 and Digi 002 Systems
        3. Mbox 2 Systems
        4. The Original Mbox
        5. M-Powered Systems
    2. Upgrade Path: For Your Mind
    3. Career Options
    4. Maintaining a Learning Attitude and Finding Additional Resources
    5. Summary
  23. A. Further Study, and Resources on the Web
    1. Books About Audio
    2. Magazines
    3. CD-ROM/DVD Training
    4. www.digidesign.com
    5. Other Useful Web Sites
    6. Schools
  24. B. Add-ons, Extensions, and Cool Stuff for Your Rig
    1. External Control Surfaces
      1. ICON-Integrated Console Environments
        1. D-Control and D-Control ES
        2. D-Command and D-Command ES
      2. Control|24
      3. C|24
      4. Command|8
      5. CM Labs MotorMix2
      6. Mackie Control Universal Pro (MCU Pro)
      7. Frontier Designs TranzPort
      8. Frontier Designs AlphaTrack
    2. Synchronization Peripherals
      1. Digidesign Sync HD
      2. MOTU MIDI Timepiece AV (USB)
    3. Digital Patchbays and Routers
      1. Z Systems OptiPatch and z-8.8a Digital Detanglers
      2. Z Systems z-128.128r Digital Detangler Pro
    4. Word Clock and Sync Generators
      1. Lucid Audio GENx-192
      2. Rosendahl Nanosyncs HD
      3. Session Control TL-Sync
      4. Apogee Big Ben
    5. Ergonomics, Rackmounting, Extenders
      1. Digidesign Pro Tools Custom USB Keyboard
      2. Rackmounting, Workstation Furniture
        1. Omnirax
        2. Argosy Console
        3. Noren Products
        4. Sound Construction and Supply
      3. Extenders
        1. Gefen
      4. Monitoring Control
        1. Mackie Big Knob
        2. Presonus Central Station
        3. Samson C-control
        4. Cranesong Avocet
        5. Digidesign RM1 and RM2 Reference Monitors
    6. Storage, Digital Audio Networking
      1. Glyph Technologies
  25. C. Archive and Backup
    1. Where Pro Tools Stores Session Data
    2. Why and When Should You Save Your Data?
      1. Backup
      2. Archive
    3. CD-R, DVD-R
      1. Blu-ray Disc
      2. What About Rewritable Media?
        1. Rewritable DVD Formats
      3. Removable Disk Options for Data Backup
    4. Tape Backup Options
    5. Backup Software
  26. D. Power Tips and Loopy Ideas
    1. Mixing and Processing Tips
      1. Pro Tools in Living Color
      2. Invert Polarity
      3. Waaaah! I Can’t Turn the Tape Around to Create Backward Reverb!
      4. Squeaky-Clean Acoustic Guitar and Electric Bass
      5. Adjusting Individual Volume Levels in Grouped Tracks
      6. Manual Delay Compensation, with Time Adjuster Plug-in
      7. Setting Tempo-Related Delays by Ear
      8. Groovy Pre-Delays
      9. EQ: The Zero-Sum Game
      10. EQ and Stereo/Surround Panning
      11. Path Meter View in Output Windows
      12. Gimme More in the Cans, Man!
      13. A Change of Venue
    2. Editing Tips
      1. Shortcuts in the New Track Dialog Box
      2. Yes, I Know! No, Really!
      3. Export Region Definitions for Use in Other Sessions
      4. Cycling Through the Edit Modes (Edit Window)
      5. Cycling Through the Edit Tools (Edit Window)
      6. Making Selections with the Timebase Ruler (Edit Window)
      7. Extending the Current Selection with the Tab Key (Edit Window)
      8. More Tab Key Tricks (Edit Window)
      9. Lengthen/Shorten the Current Selection with the Plus/Minus Keys (Edit Window)
      10. Power Scrubber (Edit Window)
      11. Use Your Scroll Wheel
      12. The Three-Button Quickstep for Switching Windows
      13. Nudging and Grid Mode
      14. Keyboard Focus Modes
      15. Using Key-Signature Events on a Looping Ostinato Figure (Pro Tools 7.3 and Higher)
    3. General Tips
      1. Digidesign CoreAudio (Mac)
      2. Calculators for Tempos and Note Values to Milliseconds
      3. That Lock-Step Don’t Dance
      4. Widgets for Mac OS X
      5. Things That Make Pro Tools Cranky
      6. You Don’t Have to Archive Your Fade Files Folder!
      7. More Tips for Recording Voice-Overs
      8. Creating Your Own Session Templates
      9. Transferring Sequences from MIDI Workstations into Pro Tools
  27. E. Signal Flow in Pro Tools