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Pro Tools® 101 Official Courseware, Version 8.0

Book Description

Digidesign's Official Pro Tools 101 Courseware takes a comprehensive approach to learning the fundamentals of Pro Tools|HD®, Pro Tools LE®, or Pro Tools M-Powered™ systems. Now updated for Pro Tools 8 software, this new edition from the definitive authority on Pro Tools covers everything you need to know to complete a Pro Tools project. Learn to build sessions that include multitrack recordings of live instruments, MIDI sequences, software synthesizers, and virtual instruments. Through hands-on tutorials, develop essential techniques for recording, editing, and mixing. The included DVD-ROM offers tutorial files and videos, additional documentation, and Pro Tools sessions to accompany the projects in the text. Developed as the foundation course of the official Digidesign Training and Education program, the guide can be used to learn on your own or to pursue formal Pro Tools certification through a Digidesign-authorized school. Join the ranks of audio professionals around the world as you unleash the creative power of your Pro Tools system.

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
    1. Dedication
  2. Foreword
  3. Acknowledgments
  4. About the Authors
  5. Introduction Welcome to Pro Tools 101
    1. About This Book
      1. Pro Tools 8.0 Edition
      2. The DVD at the Back of the Book
        1. Hands-On Projects
        2. Video Extras
        3. Documentation Extras
    2. Course Prerequisites
    3. Course Organization and Sequence
      1. Part I: Background Information
      2. Part II: Working with Sessions
      3. Part III: Hands-On Projects
      4. Part IV: Course Completion
    4. Conventions and Symbols Used in This Book
      1. Menu and Key Commands
      2. Icons
    5. Introduction to Pro Tools
      1. Creation
      2. Recording
      3. Editing
      4. Mixing
      5. Mastering
    6. The Digidesign Training & Education Program
      1. Certification Levels
        1. Operator-Level Certification
        2. Expert-Level Certification
      2. Courses Offered in the Training Program
      3. Training Program Course Configuration
    7. How Can I Learn More?
  6. I. Background Information
    1. 1. Getting to Know Pro Tools
      1. Objectives
      2. What Is Pro Tools?
        1. Audio
        2. MIDI
        3. Notation
        4. Mixing
        5. Post-Production
      3. The Story of Digidesign
        1. In the Beginning
        2. Evolving into Digidesign
        3. Pioneering Digital Audio
        4. The Birth of Pro Tools
        5. Pro Tools Matures
        6. Growth of Avid Audio
        7. ICON Integrated Console Environment
        8. VENUE Live Sound Environment
        9. Where We Are Today
      4. Basics of Digital Audio
        1. Basic Parameters of Sound: Waveform, Frequency, and Amplitude
          1. Waveform
          2. Frequency
          3. Amplitude
        2. Recording and Playing Back Analog Audio
        3. Analog-to-Digital Conversion
          1. How Sample Rate Affects Frequency Resolution
          2. How Bit Depth Affects Amplitude Resolution
        4. Recording in Digital Format
      5. Pro Tools System Configurations
        1. Pro Tools M-Powered
          1. The FireWire Family
          2. Keyboard Interfaces
          3. PCI Cards with Breakout Cables
          4. PCI Cards with External Box
          5. Mobile Interfacesa
          6. Other Interfaces
        2. Pro Tools LE
          1. The Mbox 2 Family
          2. The 003 Family
        3. Pro Tools|HD
          1. Pro Tools|HD Core Configurations
            1. HD Core Card
            2. Accel Cardsa
          2. Pro Tools|HD Audio Interfaces
            1. 192 I/O and 192 Digital I/O Audio Interfaces
            2. 96 I/O and 96i I/O
          3. Other Pro Tools System Options
            1. Digidesign PRE
            2. Digidesign MIDI I/O
            3. Digidesign SYNC HD
        4. Included Plug-Ins and Extras
          1. DigiRack Plug-Ins
          2. Digidesign Plug-Ins
          3. TL Utilities
          4. Pro Tools Creative Collection
          5. Make Music Now Bundle
      6. Add-Ons for Pro Tools M-Powered and Pro Tools LE
        1. Music Production Toolkit 2
          1. Extensive Plug-In Collection
          2. Multi-Track Beat Detective
        2. DV Toolkit 2
          1. Essential Post-Production Plug-Ins and Software
          2. DigiBase Proa
          3. Extended Pro Tools Functionality
        3. Complete Production Toolkit
          1. Mixing and Automation Features
          2. Editing Features
          3. Time Code and Synchronization Features
        4. Mojo SDI
      7. Cross-Platform Issues
        1. Keyboard Commands
        2. File-Naming Conventions
          1. File Name Extensions
          2. Incompatible ASCII Characters
    2. 2. Getting Inside Pro Tools
      1. Objectives
      2. Introduction
      3. Target Systems
      4. Pro Tools File Structure
        1. File Organization
        2. File Types
          1. Pro Tools Session File
          2. WaveCache File
          3. Audio Files
          4. Fade Files
          5. MIDI Files
          6. Region Groups
          7. Rendered Files
          8. Session File Backups
          9. Video Files
      5. Starting Pro Tools
        1. Powering Up Your Hardware
        2. Using the PACE iLok System
        3. Launching Pro Tools
        4. Optimizing Host-Based Pro Tools Performance
          1. Hardware Buffer Size
          2. CPU Usage Limit
          3. Modifying Hardware Buffer Size and/or CPU Usage Limit Settingsa
      6. The Pro Tools Software Interface
        1. The Menu Structure
          1. File Menu
          2. Edit Menu
          3. View Menu
          4. Track Menua
          5. Region Menu
          6. Event Menu
          7. AudioSuite Menu
          8. Options Menu
          9. Setup Menu
          10. Window Menu
          11. Help Menu
        2. Main Pro Tools Windows
          1. Edit Window
            1. Edit Tools
            2. Edit Modesa
            3. Edit Window Side Columns
            4. Ruler Views
            5. Customizing the Toolbar
          2. Mix Window
            1. Signal Routing Controls
            2. Record and Playback Controls
            3. Mix Window Side Column
          3. Transport Window
            1. Counters
            2. MIDI Controls
          4. Additional Editor Windows
            1. MIDI Editor Windowa
            2. Score Editor Window
          5. Window Management
        3. Tool Tips and Additional Help
      7. Edit Tool Functions
        1. Zoomer Tool
        2. Trim Tool
        3. Selector Tool
        4. Grabber Tool
        5. Scrubber Tool
        6. Pencil Tool
        7. Smart Tool
      8. Edit Mode Features
        1. Shuffle Mode
        2. Slip Mode
        3. Spot Mode
        4. Grid Mode
        5. Snap to Grid
      9. Time Scales and Rulers
        1. Main Time Scale
        2. Sub Time Scale
        3. Ruler Display Options
      10. MIDI Control Features
        1. Wait for Note
        2. Metronome
        3. Countoff Controls
        4. MIDI Merge Mode
        5. Tempo Ruler Enable
        6. Meter Display
        7. Tempo Field
        8. Tempo Resolution Selector
  7. II. Working with Sessions
    1. 3. Creating Your First Session
      1. Objectives
      2. Introduction
      3. Quick Start
      4. Creating and Configuring a Pro Tools Session
        1. Choosing Session Parameter Settings
          1. Audio File Type
          2. Sample Rate
          3. I/O Settings
          4. Bit Depth
        2. Creating the Session
        3. Adding Tracks
          1. Track Number
          2. Track Format
          3. Track Types
            1. Audio Tracks
            2. MIDI Tracks
            3. Instrument Tracks
            4. Video Tracksg
            5. Auxiliary Inputs
            6. VCA Master Tracks
            7. Master Faders
          4. Timebase
        4. Naming Tracks
        5. Deleting Tracks
        6. Adding Audio to Your Session
      5. The Playback Cursor and the Edit Cursor
        1. Playback Cursor
        2. Edit Cursor
        3. Setting the Playback Point
        4. Scrolling Options
          1. No Scrollingg
          2. After Playbackg
          3. Page
        5. Locating the Playback Cursor
      6. Saving, Locating, and Opening Existing Sessions
        1. Saving a Session
          1. Save Command
          2. Save As Command
        2. Locating and Opening a Session
          1. Locating a Sessiong
          2. Opening a Session
    2. 4. Making Your First Audio Recording
      1. Objectives
      2. Introduction
      3. Before Recording
        1. Audio Storage Requirements
        2. Disk Space Window
      4. Preparing to Record
        1. Creating a Click Track (Optional)
        2. Checking Hardware Connections
        3. Record-Enabling Tracks
        4. Setting Input Path, Level, and Pan
          1. Input Path
          2. Input Level
          3. Pan Position
      5. Recording and Managing Audio
      6. Organizing after Recording
        1. Return to Playback Mode
        2. Organize Audio Files and Regions
          1. Recognizing Audio Files and Regions
          2. Naming Audio Files and Regions
            1. Default Naming Conventions
          3. Changing File and Region Names
        3. Removing Audio Regions and Deleting Audio Files
          1. Removing Audio Regions
          2. Deleting Audio Files
    3. 5. Importing Media into Your Session
      1. Objectives
      2. Introduction
      3. Considerations Prior to Import
        1. Bit Resolution, Sample Rate, and File Format
          1. Audio Bit Depth and Sample Rate
          2. Audio File Formats
          3. Video File Formats
        2. Configuration of Stereo Files
      4. Importing Audio
        1. Import Audio Dialog Box
        2. Importing Audio with the Import Command
        3. Importing Audio with DigiBase Browsers
          1. Importing to the Region List
          2. Importing to Tracks
        4. Batch Importing Audio
        5. Importing Audio from an Audio CD
      5. Importing Video
    4. 6. Making Your First MIDI Recording
      1. Objectives
      2. Introduction
      3. MIDI Basics
      4. MIDI in Pro Tools
        1. Creating MIDI-Compatible Tracks
        2. Sample-Based Operation versus Tick-Based Operation
          1. Sample-Based Operation
          2. Tick-Based Operation
        3. Time Scale and Rulers for Working with MIDI
          1. Setting the Timebase Ruler and Main Time Scale
          2. Tempo, Meter, and Key Signature Rulers
      5. Preparing to Record MIDI
        1. Connecting a MIDI Device
        2. Enabling Input from the MIDI Device
        3. Checking MIDI Inputs/Outputs
          1. MIDI Input
          2. MIDI Output
        4. Record-Enabling MIDI-Compatible Tracks
        5. Setting Record Options
          1. MIDI Controls
          2. Input Quantize
          3. MIDI Thru
      6. Using Virtual Instruments
        1. Placing a Virtual Instrument on an Instrument Track
        2. Using Xpand!2
        3. Using Structure Free
      7. Setting the Default Meter, Tempo, and Key Signature
        1. Setting the Default Meter
        2. Setting the Default Tempo
          1. Tempo Map Mode
          2. Manual Tempo Mode
        3. Setting the Default Key Signature
      8. Recording MIDI
      9. Viewing MIDI Data on MIDI-Compatible Tracks
        1. MIDI Regions View
        2. MIDI Notes View
        3. Velocity View
        4. MIDI Editor Window Views
    5. 7. Selecting and Navigating
      1. Objectives
      2. Introduction
      3. Using the Universe View
        1. Resizing the Universe
        2. The Current View Indicator
        3. Moving and Scrolling from the Universe View
      4. Types of Selection
        1. Timeline Selections
          1. Selecting with the Selector Tool
          2. Selecting with the Timeline Selection Fields (Transport Window)
          3. Selecting with the Timeline Selection Markers
        2. Edit Selections
          1. Selecting with the Grabber Tool
          2. Selecting with the Selector Tool
          3. Selecting with the Edit Selection Fields (Edit Window)
      5. Working with Selections
        1. Creating Separate Timeline Selections and Edit Selections
        2. Making Selections on Multiple Tracks
          1. Selecting Material on Adjacent Tracks
          2. Selecting Material on Nonadjacent Tracks
          3. Selecting Material on Selected Tracks
        3. Marking Selection In and Out Points during Playback
        4. Using the Tab Key
        5. Tabbing to Transient Points
      6. Adjusting the Session View
        1. Adjusting Track Size
        2. Changing the Track Order
        3. Zoomer Tool
          1. Zooming In and Out
          2. Zooming In on a Range
        4. Zoom Toggle Button
        5. Horizontal and Vertical Zoom Buttons
        6. Zoom Presets
      7. Adding Markers to Your Session
        1. About Memory Locations
        2. Creating a Marker
          1. Adding Markers at Specified Points
          2. Adding Markers during Playback and Recording
        3. The Memory Locations Window
        4. Recalling a Marker Location
        5. Automatically Naming Marker Locations
        6. Deleting Marker Locations
        7. Creating a Selection Using Markers
    6. 8. Basic Editing Techniques
      1. Objectives
      2. Introduction
      3. Selecting Playback Options
        1. Scrolling
        2. Loop Playback
      4. Using the Edit Modes
        1. Shuffle Mode
        2. Slip Mode
        3. Spot Mode
        4. Grid Mode
        5. Snap To Grid
        6. Configuring the Grid
      5. Editing Regions
        1. Standard Editing Commands
          1. The Cut Command
          2. The Copy Command
          3. The Paste Command
          4. The Clear Command
          5. The Duplicate Command
          6. The Repeat Command
        2. Pro Tools–Specific Editing Commands
          1. The Capture Region Command
          2. The Separate Region Command
          3. The Heal Separation Command
      6. Moving and Trimming Regions
        1. Using the Grabber Tool
          1. Moving Regions in Slip Mode
          2. Moving Regions in Grid Mode
          3. Moving Regions in Shuffle Mode
          4. Moving Regions in Spot Mode
        2. Using the Trim Functions
          1. The Trim Tool
          2. Trimming with the Edit Modes
          3. The Trim Region Command
        3. Using the Nudge Function
          1. Configuring the Nudge Value
          2. Nudging Regions
          3. Nudging Selections
      7. Creating Fade Effects
        1. Fade-Ins and Fade-Outs
        2. Crossfades
        3. Fade Settings
      8. Undoing Your Work
        1. Using Multi-Level Undo
          1. Undo History
        2. Restore Last Selection
        3. Revert to Saved
    7. 9. Basic Mixing Techniques
      1. Objectives
      2. Introduction
      3. Basic Mixer Terminology
        1. Inputs
        2. Outputs
        3. Inserts
        4. Sends and Returns
      4. The Pro Tools Mix Window
        1. Configuring the Mix Window
          1. Input and Output Selectors
            1. Input Paths
            2. Output Paths
          2. Inserts and Sends Views
          3. Configuring Inserts
            1. Plug-In Insert
            2. Hardware I/O Insert
          4. Configuring Sends and Returns
      5. Basic Automation
        1. Recording Automation (Write Mode)
        2. Viewing and Editing Breakpoint Automation
        3. Playing Back Automation (Read Mode)
        4. Turning Automation Off
      6. Real-Time Plug-Ins
        1. Real-Time Plug-In Features
          1. TDM Plug-Ins (Pro Tools|HD Systems Only)
          2. RTAS Plug-Ins (All Pro Tools Systems)
        2. Real-Time Plug-In Formats
        3. Plug-Ins Provided with Pro Tools
          1. DigiRack EQ III
          2. DigiRack Dynamics III
    8. 10. Finishing Your Work
      1. Objectives
      2. Introduction
      3. Backing Up Your Session
        1. Saving a Session Copy
        2. Sharing a Session between Systems
      4. Creating a Stereo Mixdown
        1. Considerations for Bouncing Audio
        2. Bouncing to Tracks
        3. Bouncing to Disk
      5. Burning Songs to CD
        1. Creating a CD Using Windows Media Player
          1. Supported File Types
          2. Burning a CD
        2. Creating a CD on Mac OS X
  8. III. Hands-On Projects
    1. Overview Project Introduction and Setup
      1. Getting to Know the Projects
        1. Project 1
        2. Project 2
      2. Pro Tools System Requirements
      3. Installing Project Session Files
        1. System Requirements for Project Sessions
        2. Installation Instructions for Session Files
    2. Project 1 Music Hands-On Project
      1. Powering Up
      2. Opening the Music Project
        1. Locate and Open the Session
          1. Locate and open the Music session
          2. Dismiss warnings
        2. Orient the Session Windows
        3. Set the Preferences
          1. Check Preferences settings:
          2. Check other settings
        4. Connect Monitoring Devices
      3. Creating New Tracks
        1. Create and Name Tracks
        2. Save Your Session
      4. Working with MIDI Data
        1. Add a Virtual Instrument
        2. Drag in a MIDI Region
        3. Add another Virtual Instrument
        4. Create a MIDI Region
        5. Edit MIDI Performance
        6. Save Work in Progress
      5. Working with Audio Data
        1. Import an Audio File to a Track
        2. Use Region Looping
        3. Import a Region Group to a Track
        4. Insert Time
        5. Save Work in Progress
      6. Mixing in Pro Tools
        1. Add EQ
        2. Enhance the Guitar
        3. Add Reverb
        4. Save Work in Progress
        5. Mix the Project
          1. Getting Started
          2. Completing the Mix
        6. Save Work in Progress
      7. Finishing Your Work
        1. Print the Score
        2. Add Maxim
        3. Add Dither
        4. Bounce the Song
        5. Archive Your Work
          1. Remove Unused Material
          2. Collect Session Files in a New Location
          3. Compact Your Sessiona
    3. Project 2 Post Hands-On Project
      1. Powering Up
      2. Opening the Post Project
        1. Locate and Open the Session
        2. Orient the Session Windows
        3. Set the Preferences
        4. Connect Monitoring Devices
      3. Creating New Tracks
        1. Create and Name a Track
        2. Save Your Session
      4. Importing Media
        1. Import a Movie
        2. Import Files to the Region List
        3. Import Files from the Workspace Browser
        4. Save Work in Progress
      5. Editing in Pro Tools
        1. Review the Project
        2. Add Sound Effects
          1. Add Wind
          2. Edit Wind
          3. Add Drumstick Drop
        3. Change the Music
        4. Save Work in Progress
      6. Mixing in Pro Tools
        1. Remove the Hum
        2. Add Reverb
        3. Enhance the Knock
          1. A Note about AudioSuite Plug-Ins
        4. Save Work in Progress
        5. Listen to the Automated Mix
      7. Finishing Your Work
        1. Bounce the Movie
        2. Archive Your Work
          1. Remove Unused Material
          2. Collect Session Files in a New Location
          3. Compact Your Session
  9. IV. Course Completion
    1. Overview Information for Course Completion
      1. Locating a Training Center
      2. Additional Projects
      3. Course Completion Exam
      4. Certificate of Completion
      5. Pro Tools 110 Promotion
    2. A. DigiRack Plug-Ins
    3. B. Creative Collection Plug-Ins