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Pro PHP MVC

Book Description

Model View Controller (MVC) is becoming the definitive architecture of website development frameworks due to the stability, extensibility and predictability it lends to development. It is not just the primary separation of database, business logic and interface components, but includes a wide range of considerations for building high-performing, scalable and secure applications.

Deciding which MVC framework best suits the project you are about to begin is one of the biggest challenges you'll face as a developer. If you are part of a team, this decision has probably already been made for you; but in any event, you'll need to know how (and why) the framework authors made it work the way it does.

Pro PHP MVC looks at the building blocks that make any good MVC framework, and how they apply to PHP. It exposes all considerations that many developers take for granted when using a popular framework, and teaches you how to make the framework your own.

Over the course of reading this book, you will learn the theoretical implications of the choices you would make when writing your own MVC framework, and how to put the pieces together in a cohesive package. We take a look at the highly modular Zend Framework—how to use its collection of loosely coupled classes to build a unified system. We also look at CakePHP, learning from its automated build system (Bakery) and highly intuitive approach to rapid development. This book will lay bare all the secret parts of MVC for you.

What you'll learn

  • The best way to structure your application files

  • How to get from a URL to the right controller/action

  • Cleanly interact with data objects

  • Efficient use of server resources in content delivery

  • Useful shared class libraries to speed up development

  • Unit testing to ensure maximum stability

Who this book is for

This book is for beginners and advanced developers alike, requiring a basic understanding of PHP5 language features and SQL. If you want to improve your PHP skills, or share the wisdom of popular PHP MVC frameworks, this book will be invaluable to you.

Table of Contents

  1. Titlepage
  2. Dedication
  3. Contents at a Glance
  4. Contents
  5. About the Author
  6. About the Technical Reviewer
  7. Acknowledgments
  8. Introduction
  9. Chapter 1: Introduction to MVC
    1. What Is MVC?
    2. Benefits of MVC
    3. Popular MVC Frameworks
    4. Design Patterns
    5. Creating Our Own Framework
    6. Goals
  10. Chapter 2: Foundation
    1. Goals
    2. Autoloading
    3. Exceptions
    4. Type Methods
    5. Metadata
    6. Questions
    7. Answers
    8. Exercises
  11. Chapter 3: Base Class
    1. Goals
    2. Getters and Setters
    3. Magic Methods
    4. Adding Introspection
    5. Transparent Getters/Setters
    6. Questions
    7. Answers
    8. Exercises
  12. Chapter 4: Configuration
    1. Goals
    2. Associative Arrays
    3. INI Files
    4. Questions
    5. Answers
    6. Exercises
  13. Chapter 5: Caching
    1. Goals
    2. Performance Bottlenecks
    3. The Code
    4. Questions
    5. Answers
    6. Exercises
  14. Chapter 6: Registry
    1. Goals
    2. Singleton
    3. Registry
    4. Questions
    5. Answers
    6. Exercises
  15. Chapter 7: Routing
    1. Goals
    2. Defining Routes
    3. Route Classes
    4. Router Class
    5. Questions
    6. Answers
    7. Exercises
  16. Chapter 8: Templates
    1. Goals
    2. Idea
    3. Alternatives
    4. Implementation
    5. Benefits
    6. Questions
    7. Answers
    8. Exercises
  17. Chapter 9: Databases
    1. Goals
    2. Implementation
    3. Connectors
    4. Queries
    5. Questions
    6. Answers
    7. Exercises
  18. Chapter 10: Models
    1. Goals
    2. Idea
    3. Implementation
    4. Building the SQL
    5. Modifying Records
    6. No Relation of Mine!
    7. Questions
    8. Answers
    9. Exercises
  19. Chapter 11: Testing
    1. Goals
    2. Unit Testing
    3. Test Class
    4. Cache
    5. Configuration
    6. Database
    7. Model
    8. Template
    9. Holy Code, Batman!
    10. Questions
    11. Answers
    12. Exercises
  20. Chapter 12: Structure
    1. Goals
    2. Database
    3. Folders
    4. Questions
    5. Answers
  21. Chapter 13: Bootstrapping
    1. Goals
    2. When a File Is Not a File…
    3. URL Rewriting
    4. Index.php
    5. Configuration
    6. Controller
    7. Questions
    8. Answers
    9. Exercises
  22. Chapter 14: Registration and Login
    1. Goals
    2. Shared Libraries
    3. User Model
    4. Registration
    5. Sessions
    6. Login
    7. Questions
    8. Answers
    9. Exercises
  23. Chapter 15: Search
    1. Goals
    2. Search
    3. Questions
    4. Answers
    5. Exercises
  24. Chapter 16: Settings
    1. Goals
    2. Validation
    3. Settings
    4. Questions
    5. Answers
    6. Exercises
  25. Chapter 17: Sharing
    1. Goals
    2. Error Pages
    3. Friends
    4. Sharing
    5. Questions
    6. Answers
    7. Exercises
  26. Chapter 18: Photos
    1. Goals
    2. How to Upload Files
    3. User Photos
    4. Showing Off, a Little
    5. Questions
    6. Answers
    7. Exercises
  27. Chapter 19: Extending
    1. Goals
    2. Imagine
    3. Observer
    4. Synchronicity
    5. Code
    6. Events
    7. Plugins
    8. Questions
    9. Answers
    10. Exercises
  28. Chapter 20: Administration
    1. Goals
    2. What Is a CMS?
    3. Administrators
    4. Login
    5. Users
    6. Photos
    7. Questions
    8. Answers
    9. Exercises
  29. Chapter 21: Testing
    1. Goals
    2. Questions
    3. Answers
    4. Exercises
  30. Chapter 22: CodeIgniter: Bootstrapping
    1. Goals
    2. Why CodeIgniter?
    3. Why Not CodeIgniter?
    4. URL Rewriting
    5. Routes
    6. Questions
    7. Answers
    8. Exercises
  31. Chapter 23: CodeIgniter: MVC
    1. Goals
    2. Differences
    3. Models
    4. Controllers
    5. Questions
    6. Answers
    7. Exercises
  32. Chapter 24: CodeIgniter: Extending
    1. Goals
    2. File Uploads
    3. Third-Party Libraries
    4. Extending the Core
    5. Questions
    6. Answers
    7. Exercises
  33. Chapter 25: CodeIgniter: Testing
    1. Goals
    2. Tools
    3. The Alternative
    4. Questions
    5. Answers
    6. Exercises
  34. Chapter 26: Zend Framework: Bootstrapping
    1. Goals
    2. Why Zend Framework?
    3. Why Not Zend Framework?
    4. Getting Set Up
    5. Routes
    6. Questions
    7. Answers
    8. Exercises
  35. Chapter 27: Zend Framework: MVC
    1. Goals
    2. The Differences
    3. Models
    4. Controllers
    5. Questions
    6. Answers
    7. Exercises
  36. Chapter 28: Zend Framework: Extending
    1. Goals
    2. File Uploads
    3. Third-Party Libraries
    4. Questions
    5. Answers
    6. Exercises
  37. Chapter 29: Zend Framework: Testing
    1. Goals
    2. Installing PEAR
    3. Installing PHPUnit
    4. Running the Tests
    5. Adding Tests
    6. Questions
    7. Answers
  38. Chapter 30: CakePHP: Bootstrapping
    1. Goals
    2. Why CakePHP?
    3. Why Not CakePHP?
    4. Getting Set Up
    5. Routes
    6. Questions
    7. Answers
    8. Exercises
  39. Chapter 31: CakePHP: MVC
    1. Goals
    2. What’s in a Model?
    3. Controllers
    4. Finishing Up
    5. Questions
    6. Answers
    7. Exercises
  40. Chapter 32: CakePHP: Extending
    1. Goals
    2. File Uploads
    3. Third-Party Libraries
    4. Questions
    5. Answers
    6. Exercises
  41. Chapter 33: CakePHP: Testing
    1. Goals
    2. Testing
    3. Questions
    4. Answers
    5. Exercises
  42. Appendix A: Setting Up a Web Server
    1. Goals
    2. Windows
    3. Linux
    4. MAC OS X
    5. You Passed, with Flying Colors!
  43. Index