K folds cross-validation is a much better estimator of our model's performance, even more so than our train-test split. Here's how it works:
- We will take a finite number of equal slices of our data (usually 3, 5, or 10). Assume that this number is called k.
- For each "fold" of the cross-validation, we will treat k-1 of the sections as the training set, and the remaining section as our test set.
- For the remaining folds, a different arrangement of k-1 sections is considered for our training set and a different section is our training set.
- We compute a set metric for each fold of the cross-validation.
- We average our scores at the end.
Cross-validation is effectively using multiple train-test splits being done on the same dataset. ...