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Principles of Colour and Appearance Measurement

Book Description

Colour and appearance perceptions are very complex psychological phenomena. Written by one of the foremost authorities in the field, this major two-volume work addresses the key topics required to understand the issues and manage colour effectively. Principles of colour appearance and measurement Volume 1 addresses how objects appear to viewers, how they perceive colour and the major types of instrumentation used to measure colour.

Chapters detail the characteristics of light sources and object colour and appearance attributes. The complexities of human visual perception, unusual visual phenomena and colour blindness, causes and types, are discussed. Colour measurement instruments and instrumental measures of colour, fluorescence and whiteness are described.

Principles of colour appearance and measurement Volumes 1 and 2 is a comprehensive resource for designers, colour technologists, colour quality inspectors, product developers and anyone who uses colour in their work.

  • Addresses the key topics required to understand the issues of colour measure and management
  • Volume 1 examines how viewers perceive colour and how objects appear to them and reviews the major types of instrumentation used to measure colour

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Author contact details
  6. Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles
  7. 1. Characteristics of light sources
    1. Abstract:
    2. 1.1 Introduction
    3. 1.2 Process of visual perception
    4. 1.3 Optics
    5. 1.4 Radiometry
    6. 1.5 Photometry
    7. 1.6 Black-body radiation
    8. 1.7 Colour temperature
    9. 1.8 Different light sources
    10. 1.9 Illuminants
    11. 1.10 Luminous efficacy of lamps
    12. 1.11 Colour rendering
    13. 1.12 References
  8. 2. Object appearance and colour
    1. Abstract:
    2. 2.1 Introduction
    3. 2.2 Interaction of light with objects
    4. 2.3 Reflection
    5. 2.4 Scattering
    6. 2.5 Refraction
    7. 2.6 Transmission and absorption
    8. 2.7 Mechanisms of colour generation
    9. 2.8 References
  9. 3. Colour and appearance attributes
    1. Abstract:
    2. 3.1 Introduction
    3. 3.2 Physical and psychophysical attributes
    4. 3.3 Gloss
    5. 3.4 Retroreflection
    6. 3.5 Transparency
    7. 3.6 Colour attributes
    8. 3.7 Assessment of colour appearance
    9. 3.8 Total appearance concept
    10. 3.9 Emotional aspects of colour
    11. 3.10 Colour combination schemes
    12. 3.11 Emotional aspects of colour combinations
    13. 3.12 References
  10. 4. Principles of colour perception
    1. Abstract:
    2. 4.1 Introduction
    3. 4.2 Analysis of sun radiation
    4. 4.3 Principles of colour mixing
    5. 4.4 Colour matching experiment
    6. 4.5 CIE 2° standard observer functions
    7. 4.6 CIE 10° standard observer functions
    8. 4.7 Transformation of primaries
    9. 4.8 The human vision system
    10. 4.9 The remarkable properties of the eye
    11. 4.10 Colour vision theories
    12. 4.11 References
  11. 5. Unusual visual phenomena and colour blindness
    1. Abstract:
    2. 5.1 Introduction
    3. 5.2 Unusual visual phenomena
    4. 5.3 Variation in colour vision
    5. 5.4 Defective colour vision
    6. 5.5 Yellowness of vision
    7. 5.6 References
  12. 6. Colour measurement instruments
    1. Abstract:
    2. 6.1 Introduction
    3. 6.2 Measuring instruments
    4. 6.3 Video cameras for colour measurement
    5. 6.4 Components of colour measuring instruments
    6. 6.5 Measuring geometry
    7. 6.6 Direct versus reverse optics
    8. 6.7 Sample preparation and presentation
    9. 6.8 Sources of error
    10. 6.9 Future trends
    11. 6.10 References
  13. 7. Using instruments to quantify colour
    1. Abstract:
    2. 7.1 Colorimetry
    3. 7.2 Colour space
    4. 7.3 Reflectance of object
    5. 7.4 CIE tristimulus colour space
    6. 7.5 Chromaticity
    7. 7.6 Chromaticity diagram
    8. 7.7 Dominant wavelength and excitation purity
    9. 7.8 CIE object colour solid
    10. 7.9 Advantages and disadvantages of CIE tristimulus colorimetry
    11. 7.10 Uniform colour scales
    12. 7.11 Fundamental colour space
    13. 7.12 Future trends
    14. 7.13 References
  14. 8. Issues in measuring whiteness and fluorescence
    1. Abstract:
    2. 8.1 Introduction
    3. 8.2 Characteristics of whites
    4. 8.3 Whiteness improvement
    5. 8.4 Fluorescence
    6. 8.5 Problems of assessment
    7. 8.6 Measurement of fluorescence
    8. 8.7 UV calibration
    9. 8.8 UV calibration standards
    10. 8.9 Visual assessment of whiteness
    11. 8.10 References
  15. 9. Instrumental measures of whiteness
    1. Abstract:
    2. 9.1 Introduction
    3. 9.2 Physical methods
    4. 9.3 Colorimetric methods
    5. 9.4 New whiteness indices
    6. 9.5 Topology of whiteness
    7. 9.6 Yellowness index
    8. 9.7 Application of whiteness indices
    9. 9.8 References
  16. Index