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Preventing and Reversing Heart Disease For Dummies, 3rd Edition

Book Description

The safe and trusted way to prevent and reverse heart disease

Written in plain English and packed with tons of authoritative advice, Preventing & Reversing Heart Disease For Dummies includes the most up-to-date information on coronary heart disease and its treatment. This resource covers new ways to diagnose and treat both short- and long-term complications of heart disease, the latest medications, updated diet and exercise plans, the lowdown on recognizing the risk factors and warning signs of a heart attack, determining if you have heart disease, distinguishing between angina, heart attack, and stroke, and much more.

It is projected that by the year 2020, heart disease will be the leading cause of death throughout the world. As the magnitude of cardiovascular diseases continue to accelerate globally, the pressing need for increased awareness and a stronger, more focused national and international response has become more important than ever. Preventing & Reversing Heart Disease For Dummies tackles this vital subject with compassion and authority, outlining the steps you can take to help ensure you don't become just another statistic.

  • Helps you find the right doctor and handle a managed care plan

  • Covers all thirteen types of heart disease and discusses the key differences that may determine their progression and treatment

  • Illustrates how simple changes in diet may be enough to prevent heart disease

  • Shows how you can reverse some of the effects of heart disease through exercise

  • If you're suffering from or are at risk of heart disease—or love someone who is—Preventing & Reversing Heart Disease For Dummies empowers you to take control of heart health and get on a path to a longer, healthier life.

    Table of Contents

      1. Introduction
        1. About This Book
        2. Foolish Assumptions
        3. Icons Used in This Book
        4. Beyond the Book
        5. Where to Go from Here
      2. Part I: Getting Started with Preventing and Reversing Heart Disease
        1. Chapter 1: Taking Charge of Your Heart Health
          1. Facing the Bad News about Heart Disease
          2. Seizing the Good News about Preventing Heart Disease
          3. Checking Out Heart Disease as an Equal Opportunity Health Problem
            1. If you’re an adult younger than 65
            2. If you’re a woman
            3. If you’re African American
            4. If you’re a parent
            5. If you’re older
          4. Reversing the Risks for Heart Disease
          5. Reversing Heart Disease — Hope or Hype?
          6. Taking Charge of Your Heart Health
        2. Chapter 2: Understanding the Onset and Outcomes of Heart Disease
          1. Touring the Heart and Cardiovascular System
            1. Pumping for life: The heart’s anatomy and function
            2. Connecting every cell in your body: The cardiovascular system
            3. Keeping the beat: How the nervous system controls heart rate
          2. Understanding How Heart Disease Begins and Develops
            1. Defining atherosclerosis — the most common form of cardiovascular disease
            2. Triggering the precursors of atherosclerosis
            3. Progressing to fatty streaks
            4. Growing from fatty streaks to large plaques
            5. Differentiating between stable and unstable plaques
            6. Understanding a different type of coronary disease: Microvascular disease
            7. Knowing when chest pain is an emergency
          3. Recognizing the Symptoms and Manifestations of Coronary Heart Disease
            1. Recognizing angina, or chest pain
            2. Understanding the causes of angina
            3. Considering angina’s effect on the heart
            4. Diagnosing angina
            5. Distinguishing other causes of chest pain
            6. Treating angina
          4. Defining Unstable Angina
          5. Defining a Heart Attack
            1. Understanding the causes of a heart attack
            2. Recognizing the symptoms of a heart attack
            3. Differentiating between heart attack and sudden cardiac arrest
          6. Taking Action — Immediately — for a Possible Heart Attack
          7. Other Manifestations of Heart Disease
            1. Arrhythmias
            2. Heart failure
            3. Stroke
            4. Heart valve problems
        3. Chapter 3: Are You at Risk of Heart Disease? How to Turn That Risk Around
          1. Defining Risk Factors
            1. Identifying important risk factors
            2. Multiplying risks — double trouble and more
            3. Heading off trouble by controlling risk
            4. Tailoring prevention to individual needs
          2. Tackling Risk Factors That You Can Control
            1. Having hypertension — high blood pressure
            2. Having unhealthy cholesterol levels
            3. Using tobacco
            4. Being physically inactive
            5. Being obese or overweight
            6. Having diabetes mellitus
            7. Experiencing stress and/or depression
          3. Watching for Risk Factors That You Cannot Modify
          4. Paying Attention to Emerging Risk Factors
      3. Part II: Taking Basic Steps to Heart Health
        1. Chapter 4: Forming a Partnership with Your Doctor for the Best Heart Care
          1. Building a Solid Healthcare Partnership
            1. Selecting a primary-care doctor
            2. Finding the right cardiologist
            3. Choosing and working with a managed-care plan
            4. Hunting down a hospital
          2. Establishing a Partnership with Your Physician
            1. Identifying what you have a right to expect of your physician
            2. Looking at what your physician has a right to expect of you
            3. Helping your primary-care doctor and cardiologist communicate
            4. Optimizing office visits
            5. Making testing easier
          3. Considering Special Issues in the Doctor-Patient Relationship
            1. Participating in research studies
            2. Getting your physician’s attention when it’s difficult
            3. Getting a second opinion
            4. Changing to a new doctor when necessary
        2. Chapter 5: Embracing a Healthy Diet and Active Lifestyle
          1. Making Nutrition Work for You
          2. Choosing Healthy Pleasures: Guidelines for Eating Right While Eating Well
            1. Eat a variety of nutritious whole foods daily
            2. Limit sodium, problem fats, and energy-dense foods
            3. Balance the energy you eat with the energy you burn
            4. Counting ketchup as a vegetable? Tips for heart-healthy dining out
          3. Understanding Physical Activity and What It Can Do for Heart Health
            1. Recognizing the difference between physical activity and exercise
            2. Identifying the benefits of physical activity
          4. Understanding How Much Physical Activity Is Enough
            1. Judging moderate intensity
            2. Thinking no pain, no gain? No way!
          5. Choosing the Right Activity for You
            1. Planning your activity program
            2. Sticking with your program for the long haul
          6. Making Sure You Don’t Overdo It
            1. Recognizing six signs of overexercising
            2. Sounding medic alert: Symptoms to watch for during exercise
        3. Chapter 6: Tapping the Power of the Mind/Body Connection
          1. Understanding the Connections between Stress and the Heart
            1. Defining stress
            2. Describing positive versus negative stress
            3. Linking stress to heart disease
            4. Linking stress to high blood pressure
            5. Linking Type A personality traits to heart problems
            6. Linking anger to dangerous heart problems
          2. Making Connections: Friendship, Intimacy, and Cardiac Health
            1. Suffering the lonely heart
            2. Promoting the healing power of love
            3. Connecting for heart health
          3. Being “Scared to Death” and Other Mind/Body Links
            1. Understanding that mind/body links are hardwired
            2. “Dropping dead” from stress — myth or reality?
            3. Understanding stress caused by heart problems
            4. Understanding the heart attack that isn’t: Heart disease mimics
            5. Understanding how psychotropic medications may affect the heart
          4. Keeping Stress and Anger at Bay
            1. Controlling stress with a four-part plan
            2. Controlling anger with five simple steps
        4. Chapter 7: Taking a Family Approach to Preventing Heart Disease
          1. Setting Your Children on the Path to a Heart-Healthy Future
            1. Understanding that risk of heart disease starts very early
            2. Modeling heart-healthy behaviors makes a difference for children
            3. Fostering nutritious food choices and eating habits
            4. Encouraging physical activity
          2. Supporting Your Spouse or Partner in Achieving Heart Health
          3. Building a Supportive Community for Older Family Members
      4. Part III: Tackling Key Health Risks for Heart Disease
        1. Chapter 8: Combating High Blood Pressure
          1. Understanding Hypertension: The Silent Killer
            1. Defining blood pressure
            2. Defining high blood pressure
            3. Identifying categories of blood pressure
          2. Understanding the Dangers and Causes of Hypertension
            1. Determining the causes of hypertension
            2. Checking out other important risk factors
            3. Looking at hypertension in specific groups of people
          3. Taking Charge of Your Blood Pressure
            1. Managing your weight
            2. Getting regular physical activity
            3. Eating a low-sodium, heart-healthy diet
            4. Avoiding tobacco use
            5. Limiting alcohol intake
            6. Chilling out to reduce stress
          4. Working with Your Doctor to Control Your Blood Pressure
            1. Getting a medical evaluation
            2. Determining treatment
            3. Self-monitoring
            4. Using medicines to treat hypertension
            5. Treating resistant hypertension
        2. Chapter 9: Managing Bad (and Good) Cholesterol
          1. Hearing the Good News/Bad News about Cholesterol
          2. Getting the Lowdown on Lipids
            1. Comprehending cholesterol
            2. Understanding lipoproteins: The good, the bad, and the ugly
            3. Tracking elevated blood triglycerides
          3. Testing Your Cholesterol and Other Lipid Levels
            1. Decoding your cholesterol test results
            2. Equating cholesterol levels with risk of heart disease
          4. Treating and Managing Cholesterol Problems
            1. Taking an overview of typical cholesterol treatment
            2. Individualizing cholesterol treatment plans
            3. Managing your cholesterol with three key lifestyle steps
            4. Using drug treatment for high cholesterol
          5. Regarding Special Issues in Controlling Cholesterol
            1. Lowering triglyceride levels
            2. Delivering a double whammy — high blood cholesterol and hypertension
            3. Multiplying trouble — elevated blood cholesterol accompanied by diabetes
            4. Noting other conditions associated with cholesterol
            5. Considering severe and/or hereditary forms of elevated blood cholesterol
        3. Chapter 10: Managing Your Weight to Lower Your Risk
          1. Setting Realistic Weight-Loss Goals
            1. Recognize that your goal is adopting better habits for life
            2. Identify a reasonable weight-loss goal for 8 to 12 weeks
            3. Subdivide bigger challenges
            4. Take one step at a time
            5. Track your food intake and daily activities
            6. Celebrate wins and forgive failures
            7. Involve family and/or friends
          2. Developing Your Personal Weight-Loss Plan
            1. Cutting calories — how low to go?
            2. Considering a specific eating plan
            3. Selecting how many meals and snacks daily
            4. Controlling portions the easy way
            5. Substituting nutrient-rich foods and techniques for the energy-dense
            6. Snacking for better nutrition
            7. Brown-bagging your lunch
          3. Adding Regular Physical Activity
            1. What about boredom?
            2. Don’t neglect strength training
          4. Taking Time for Yourself
        4. Chapter 11: Quiting Smoking
          1. Affirming Reasons for Not Smoking
            1. Linking cigarette smoking and heart disease
            2. Linking cigarette smoking with other diseases
            3. Considering smoking and women
            4. Considering smoking and children
            5. Considering smoking and African Americans
            6. Considering the dangers of secondhand smoke
            7. Checking out the benefits of quitting
          2. Understanding Nicotine Addiction: A Chain That Binds
            1. Examining what nicotine does to the body
            2. Understanding nicotine’s impact on the heart
            3. Checking out nicotine replacement products
            4. Weighing in on e-cigs
          3. Reviewing the Dangers of Other Forms of Tobacco
          4. Taking Steps to Stop Smoking
          5. Using Helpful Aids to Stop Smoking
          6. Developing a Specific Plan to Quit
            1. Relapsing is not collapsing
            2. Quitting for keeps
          7. Finding More Information
      5. Part IV: Treating Heart Disease
        1. Chapter 12: Modern Medical Arsenal: Rx Weapons for Heat Disease
          1. Medically Treating Cardiac Risk Factors
            1. Lowering high blood pressure
            2. Using drug treatment for cholesterol problems
            3. Connecting with diabetes treatments
          2. Treating Angina
            1. Using medications to manage angina
            2. Benefiting from other medical therapies
            3. Recognizing when unstable angina is an emergency
          3. Treating a Heart Attack Medically
            1. Diagnosing and starting treatment for a potential heart attack
            2. Receiving treatment in the emergency room
            3. Continuing treatment in the coronary care unit
            4. Recuperating from a heart attack
          4. Managing Heart Failure
            1. Modifying your lifestyle
            2. Treating heart failure with medications
          5. Treating Arrhythmias
            1. Using lifestyle measures
            2. Prescribing medications
            3. Employing electrical therapy
          6. Treating Valve Problems
          7. Keeping Track of Your Medications
        2. Chapter 13: The 411 on Invasive and Surgical Procedures
          1. Understanding Percutaneous Coronary Interventions (PCIs)
            1. Opening blocked arteries with coronary angioplasty
            2. Holding arteries open with coronary stenting
            3. Removing blockages with coronary atherectomy
            4. Removing blockages with laser angioplasty
            5. Preventing renarrowing with brachytherapy
            6. Using angioplasty immediately after a heart attack
          2. Looking at Coronary Bypass Surgery
            1. Understanding coronary artery bypass grafting
            2. Bypassing blocked coronary arteries with less invasive surgery
          3. Exploring Heart Valve Surgery
            1. Opening narrowed valves with valvuloplasty
            2. Repairing heart valves with surgery
            3. Replacing defective heart valves
          4. Treating Rhythm Problems with the Electric Company
            1. Cardioversion
            2. Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD)
            3. Pacemakers
            4. Cardiac electrophysiology
          5. Considering Other Forms of Cardiac Surgery
        3. Chapter 14: Exploring Complementay Therapies
          1. Defining Complementary and Alternative Medicine
          2. Recognizing the Difference between the Placebo Effect and Proof
          3. Drawing on Lifestyle Medicine and the Mind/Body Connection
            1. Tapping into mind/body techniques
            2. Opening up to spirituality
            3. Volunteering
          4. Looking at How Natural Supplements May Help or Harm
            1. Red yeast rice (monascus purpureus)
            2. Garlic
            3. Soluble fiber
            4. Soy protein
            5. Fish oil
            6. Antioxidant vitamin supplements
            7. Herbal supplements that interact with heart medicines
        4. Chapter 15: Taking Back Your Life ater a Heat Event
          1. Understanding Cardiac Rehabilitation
            1. Looking at the components of cardiac rehabilitation
            2. Discovering just who needs cardiac rehabilitation
          2. Exploring Varied Cardiac Rehabilitation Components
            1. Starting rehabilitation while you’re in the hospital
            2. Continuing rehabilitation during recovery
            3. Maintaining your program to keep gaining benefits
          3. Educating Yourself about Your Heart Condition
          4. Exercise and Physical Activity as Part of Rehabilitation
            1. Getting started on an exercise program for rehab
            2. Modifying rehabilitative exercise training for specific conditions
          5. Developing Strategies for Long-Term Success
            1. Modifying your lifestyle to reduce the risks of additional heart problems
            2. Getting some counseling and support
            3. Safely returning to work
            4. Partnering with your physician
      6. Part V: Heart-Healthy Recipes
        1. Chapter 16: Heat-Healthy Breakfasts
          1. Quick Breakfasts You Can Prepare in Advance
          2. 5-Minute Breakfasts for Those on the Go
          3. Leisurely Breakfasts and Brunches
        2. Chapter 17: Heat-Healthy Lunches
          1. Salads That Go beyond Green
          2. Soups, Chili, and Picadillo
          3. A Leisurely or Celebratory Lunch
        3. Chapter 18: Heart-Healthy Dinners
          1. Easy Fix-Ahead Dinners
          2. Grilling Time
          3. Quick and Easy Dinners
          4. Pasta Sauces for Quick Dinners
        4. Chapter 19: Snacks, Starters, and Desserts
          1. Snacks and Starters
          2. Desserts
      7. Part VI: The Part of Tens
        1. Chapter 20: Ten Differences in Heart Disease between Women and Men
          1. Women Tend to Develop CHD Later than Men
          2. Women May Experience Different Warning Signs
          3. Many Women Experience CHD as Microvascular Disease
          4. Diabetes May Increase the Risk of CHD More in Women
          5. Women May Experience More Problems with Statin Medications
          6. Smoking Is a Greater Risk Factor for Heart Disease in Women
          7. Depression May Be a Greater CHD Risk Factor for Women
          8. Gestational Diabetes and Hypertension Increase Risk of Later Developing CHD
          9. Exercise Stress Tests May Not Be as Accurate in Women
          10. Women Are More Likely to Die in the First Year after a Heart Attack
        2. Chapter 21: Ten Cardiac Symptoms You Shouldn’t Ignore
          1. Chest Pain
          2. Shortness of Breath
          3. Loss of Consciousness
          4. Cardiovascular Collapse
          5. Palpitations
          6. Edema
          7. Cyanosis
          8. Cough
          9. Coughing Up Blood
          10. Fatigue
        3. Chapter 22: Ten Heart Tests to Consider or Avoid
          1. Blood Tests to Determine CHD Risk
          2. Electrocardiogram (ECG)
          3. Exercise Stress Test
          4. Echocardiogram
          5. Coronary Calcium Scan
          6. Cardiac MRI
          7. Angiography
          8. Carotid Artery Ultrasound
          9. Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Ultrasound
          10. Checking Out Other Cardiac Tests
        4. Chapter 23: Ten Tips for Involving Your Family in a Heart-Healthy Lifestyle
          1. Start Early
          2. Model Healthful Behaviors
          3. Eat Together
          4. Play Together
          5. Limit Screen Time
          6. Involve Children in Making Meals and Planning Activities
          7. Get Plenty of Sleep
          8. Support Each Other
          9. Start Where You Are Today
          10. Never Confuse “Lapse” with “Collapse”
      8. Appendix: Metric Conversion Guide
      9. About the Author
      10. Cheat Sheet
      11. More Dummies Products