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Practical HDRI, 2nd Edition

Book Description

Practical HDRI, 2nd Edition, by pro photographer Jack Howard, leads you into the the new frontier of High Dynamic Range Imaging, a multi-shot technique to digitally capture, store, and edit the full luminosity range of a scene in ways not possible in a single captured image. Fully updated for 2010, the 2nd Edition covers the HDR process from image capture through post-processing for web and print. Practical HDRI, 2nd Edition is richly illustrated with step-by-step tutorials for creating professional results using the leading HDR software titles, including the latest versions of Adobe Photoshop, Photomatix Pro, FDRTools, Dynamic Photo HDR, and HDR PhotoStudio.

Howard instructs from experience as a photographer and a writer, with an emphasis on making the HDR process work for you.

Topics include:

Step-by-step tutorials Basic and advanced workflows and workarounds Web and print optimization File management, keywording Advice on cameras, gear and software

Table of Contents

  1. Cover Page
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Dedication
  5. Table of Contents
  6. Preface
  7. Introduction
    1. The Big Lie about High Dynamic Range Images
    2. The Little Lie about Low Dynamic Range Images
    3. Crunching All the Brightness into a Much Smaller Space
  8. 1 Cameras and Gear for High Dynamic Range Imaging
    1. A Little Bit of Good News, a Little Bit of Bad News, and Some Serious Gear Envy
    2. Two DSLR Features for Easier HDR Shooting: Auto Exposure Bracketing and Burst Mode
    3. A Trusty Tripod Is a Good Thing!
    4. Let’s Not Forget about Memory
    5. Lens Envy
    6. Filters
    7. Cable Releases, Tethered Shooting, and Wireless Remotes
    8. Equipment Essentials
  9. 2 Composition, Framing, and Exposure Basics
    1. The Rule of Thirds
    2. Lines, Layers, and Textures
    3. The Three Intertwined Exposure-Setting Functions of your DSLR
      1. Aperture and Depth of Field
      2. ISO Sensor Sensitivities and Sensibilities
    4. Shutter Speed: How to Change Exposure with the Least Impact for Your HDRs
    5. Relative and Absolute Exposure Values
  10. 3 Popular Breeds of Lenses for High Dynamic Range Imaging
    1. Rectilinear Wide-Angle Lenses
    2. Two Flavors of Fisheyes
    3. Swinging, Bending Optics
      1. Big, Expensive, Perspective-Fixing Lenses
    4. An Economical and Fun Way to Mess Around with Focal Plane Shift, Curved Field Lenses, and Fisheye Effects
    5. Macros: Make the Little World as Big as All Get-Out!
    6. Normal and Telephoto Lenses—Both Zooms and Primes
  11. 4 Capturing Images for High Dynamic Range Imaging
    1. RAW vs. JPEG vs. RAW plus JPEG (plus TIFFs!)
    2. Recognizing High Dynamic Range Photo Opportunities and Non-Opportunities
      1. See the Gull? This Is Not an HDRI Op
      2. Oh Grand! An HDRI Opportunity!
    3. Metering for High Dynamic Range Imaging
      1. First Things First: Take Your Camera Out of “Easy” Mode!
      2. Determining Exposure: In-Camera Metering is Your Friend but May Not Always Be Right
      3. Evaluative and Center-Weighted Average Metering
    4. Spot and Partial Metering
    5. Exposure Bracketing
      1. First Things Burst
      2. Check Your Camera Manual for AEB Options
    6. Full Manual Mode: Retro with a Modern Twist
    7. Be Still, My Bracketing Camera
      1. Ready for Some More Gambling? Moving Objects, Deghosting, and More Risky Techniques!
    8. File Management, Storage, and Back-Up
      1. A Little Bit of Organization Goes a Long Way
      2. Bracketed Source Image Importing and Keywording
      3. Image Organization, Stacks and Ratings, and Even More Keywording
      4. Saving Back to the Stack
  12. 5 HDR Generation from your Bracketed Photos
    1. Before We Start: A Visual Thumbnail Viewer Is a Good Thing!
    2. Patience Is a Virtue!
    3. A Little Bit of Goldilocks Syndrome Going On
    4. Converting RAWs to Minimally Processed TIFFs
    5. Merging of Images to HDR in Adobe Photoshop CS5, Photomatix Pro 3, FDRTools Advanced 2.3, Dynamic Photo HDR 4, and HDR PhotoStudio 2
      1. Merging to HDR in Adobe Photoshop CS5
      2. Merging to HDR in Photomatix Pro 3.2
      3. Merging to HDR in FDRTools Advanced 2.3
      4. Merging to HDR in Dynamic Photo HDR 4.6
      5. Merging to HDR in HDR PhotoStudio 2
  13. 6 Advanced HDR Merging Techniques & Tricks
    1. Photomatix Pro 3.2 Deghosting and Other Tricks
      1. Photomatix Pro’s Batch Processor
      2. The Single File Conversion Automator
    2. FDRTools Advanced 2.3 — Advanced Tricks and Deghosting
      1. FDRTools’s Creative HDR Merge Function
      2. FDRTools xDOF Merge Function
      3. Batch Importing of Source Images with FDRTools
    3. Dynamic Photo HDR 4 — Deghosting and Advanced Merge Techniques
      1. Smoother, Sharper, or Custom Curves
    4. Batch Merging with HDR PhotoStudio 2
    5. Deghosting with Adobe Photoshop CS5
    6. Adobe Photoshop CS5 Extended – Deghosting with Smart Object Stacks at Each Exposure Value Level before HDR Merging
  14. 7 Working on Your HDRs in 32-Bit Space
    1. Photoshop’s 32-bit Toolkit
      1. Making Selections with the Lassos, Wands, and Pen Tools
      2. The Lasso Tools
      3. The Quick Selection Tool
      4. Complex Masks Using Color Range and Bit-depth Drop-down
      5. Making Selections from Paths
      6. Image Editing Tips in Adobe Photoshop in 32-bit Space
      7. Image > Adjust > Exposure
      8. Saturation Effects via Levels > Midtones Adjustments
      9. Built-in Photo Filters and Customizable Photo Filters
      10. Adjusting White Balance with Levels
      11. Light-Painting Brushes
      12. Dodging/Adding Light
      13. The Rubber Stamp for Spotting and Cleanup
    2. Tuning and Toning HDRs in HDR PhotoStudio
      1. Getting a Feel for the HDR PhotoStudio Work Paths
      2. Working with Recipes
      3. Rotating, Cropping, Resizing, and Whatnot
      4. Toning and Tuning your Image with the HDR PhotoStudio Toolkit
      5. Display Brightness Up/Down
      6. Veiling Glare Tool
      7. Define a Black Point with the Veiling Glare Eyedropper
      8. The Brightness/Contrast Tool
      9. The Shadow/Highlight Command
      10. The Sharpness Tool
      11. The White Balance and Color Tuner Tools
      12. The Saturation Tool
      13. The Tint Tool
      14. The Noise Elimination Tool
      15. Saving Your HDR Image in HDR PhotoStudio
  15. 8 Tone Mapping High Dynamic Range Images
    1. Thinking of Your 32-Bit HDR Image as a RAW File
    2. Two Flavors of Tone Mappers: Think Globally or Act Locally
    3. Faking It
    4. Halos, Inversions, Hypersaturation, and Other Weirdness with Tone Mapping
    5. Goodbye High Dynamic Range Image—Hello Tone-Mapped Image!
    6. Tone Mapping High Dynamic Range Images with Adobe Photoshop CS5
      1. Build Yourself Some Keyboard Shortcuts
      2. Photoshop’s “Boring” Global Operators
      3. Exposure and Gamma
      4. Highlight Compression
      5. Equalize Histogram
      6. Local Adaptation: Photoshop’s Local Operator with a Cornered Curve Control and Lots of Sliders
    7. Tone Mapping with FDRTools Advanced 2.3
      1. Tone Mapping with Simplex
      2. Tone Mapping with Receptor in FDRTools Advanced
      3. Tone Mapping with Compressor in FDRTools Advanced
      4. The FDRTools Advanced Photoshop Plug-In
    8. Tone Mapping with Photomatix Pro
      1. Tone Compressor: Photomatix Pro’s Global Operator
      2. Tone Mapping with Details Enhancer in Photomatix Pro
      3. Exposure Fusion in Photomatix Pro
    9. Bit-Dropping and Tone Mapping with HDR PhotoStudio 2
    10. Dynamic Photo HDR: Tons of Tone Mappers and More!
      1. The Tone Mappers
      2. A Host of Features, Buttons, Orbs, Presets, and Whatnots
      3. Little Planet via Process and Edit
  16. 9 Post Tone Mapping Image Optimization
    1. Post-Tone Map Tutorials that Make No Sense to Us
    2. Three Big Issues with Tone-Mapped Images
      1. Color Profiles
      2. Histogram Spread
      3. Ultrasaturation, Hypervividity, and Gamut Warnings
    3. Rekindling the Wet Darkroom Days: Digital Test Strips
    4. Making Adobe Camera Raw 6 Your First-line Image Editor for Tone-Mapped Images
    5. Working Up Your Tone-Mapped File in Adobe Camera Raw
      1. ACR’s Tools
      2. Three Cool New Tools Added to ACR Since the First Edition
      3. Tone Curve and Basic Exposure Adjustment Settings in ACR
      4. Noise and Sharpening
      5. The Hue, Saturation, and Luminance Sliders
      6. Saving and Loading Presets
    6. Some Final Tweaks with Photoshop
      1. Dealing with Those Pesky HDRtifacts When Something Moves
      2. Healing and Cloning in Photoshop Instead of ACR
      3. The Ultra-Subtle Sweetening Layer in Photoshop CS3
  17. Epilogue
    1. Where Do We Go from Here?
  18. Index
  19. Footnotes
    1. Preface
    2. Chapter 9