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Power System Design and Applications for Alternative Energy Sources by Khalil Denno - Distinguished Professor of Electrical Engineering New Jersey Institute of Technology

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1 Fuel Cells and Storage Batteries

1.1 The Conventional Fuel Cell

1.1.1 Introduction

The principle of operation of the conventional fuel cell, which is basically the hydrogen-oxygen cell, is centered on the electrochemical conversion of oxidized fuel into electricity. Its delivered DC power output is characterized by high efficiency, effective reliability, and minimum level of emitted pollution. The fuel-cell power plant consists of three main components: the reformer, the fuel-cell stacks, and the power inverter as shown in Fig. 1.1.

Figure 1.1 Fuel-cell unit block diagram. (Reprinted with permission of New Jersey Institute of Technology.)

The reformer is a fuel-processing component that involves the reaction of steam and mixed hydrocarbon ...

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