You are previewing Power Electronics for Renewable Energy Systems, Transportation and Industrial Applications.
O'Reilly logo
Power Electronics for Renewable Energy Systems, Transportation and Industrial Applications

Book Description

Compiles current research into the analysis and design of power electronic converters for industrial applications and renewable energy systems, presenting modern and future applications of power electronics systems in the field of electrical vehicles

With emphasis on the importance and long-term viability of Power Electronics for Renewable Energy this book brings together the state of the art knowledge and cutting-edge techniques in various stages of research. The topics included are not currently available for practicing professionals and aim to enable the reader to directly apply the knowledge gained to their designs. The book addresses the practical issues of current and future electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and focuses primarily on power electronics and motor drives based solutions for electric vehicle (EV) technologies. Propulsion system requirements and motor sizing for EVs is discussed, along with practical system sizing examples. Key EV battery technologies are explained as well as corresponding battery management issues. PHEV power system architectures and advanced power electronics intensive charging infrastructures for EVs and PHEVs are detailed. EV/PHEV interface with renewable energy is described, with practical examples. This book explores new topics for further research needed world-wide, and defines existing challenges, concerns, and selected problems that comply with international trends, standards, and programs for electric power conversion, distribution, and sustainable energy development. It will lead to the advancement of the current state-of-the art applications of power electronics for renewable energy, transportation, and industrial applications and will help add experience in the various industries and academia about the energy conversion technology and distributed energy sources.

  • Combines state of the art global expertise to present the latest research on power electronics and its application in transportation, renewable energy and different industrial applications

  • Offers an overview of existing technology and future trends, with discussion and analysis of different types of converters and control techniques (power converters, high performance power devices, power system, high performance control system and novel applications)

  • Systematic explanation to provide researchers with enough background and understanding to go deeper in the topics covered in the book

  • Table of Contents

    1. Cover
    2. Title Page
    3. Copyright
    4. Dedication
    5. Foreword
    6. Preface
    7. Acknowledgments
    8. List of Contributors
    9. Chapter 1: Energy, Global Warming and Impact of Power Electronics in the Present Century
      1. 1.1 Introduction
      2. 1.2 Energy
      3. 1.3 Environmental Pollution: Global Warming Problem
      4. 1.4 Impact of Power Electronics on Energy Systems
      5. 1.5 Smart Grid
      6. 1.6 Electric/Hybrid Electric Vehicles
      7. 1.7 Conclusion and Future Prognosis
      8. References
    10. Chapter 2: Challenges of the Current Energy Scenario: The Power Electronics Contribution
      1. 2.1 Introduction
      2. 2.2 Energy Transmission and Distribution Systems
      3. 2.3 Renewable Energy Systems
      4. 2.4 Transportation Systems
      5. 2.5 Energy Storage Systems
      6. 2.6 Conclusions
      7. References
    11. Chapter 3: An Overview on Distributed Generation and Smart Grid Concepts and Technologies
      1. 3.1 Introduction
      2. 3.2 Requirements of Distributed Generation Systems and Smart Grids
      3. 3.3 Photovoltaic Generators
      4. 3.4 Wind and Mini-hydro Generators
      5. 3.5 Energy Storage Systems
      6. 3.6 Electric Vehicles
      7. 3.7 Microgrids
      8. 3.8 Smart Grid Issues
      9. 3.9 Active Management of Distribution Networks
      10. 3.10 Communication Systems in Smart Grids
      11. 3.11 Advanced Metering Infrastructure and Real-Time Pricing
      12. 3.12 Standards for Smart Grids
      13. References
    12. Chapter 4: Recent Advances in Power Semiconductor Technology
      1. 4.1 Introduction
      2. 4.2 Silicon Power Transistors
      3. 4.3 Overview of SiC Transistor Designs
      4. 4.4 Gate and Base Drivers for SiC Devices
      5. 4.5 Parallel Connection of Transistors
      6. 4.6 Overview of Applications
      7. 4.7 Gallium Nitride Transistors
      8. 4.8 Summary
      9. References
    13. Chapter 5: AC-Link Universal Power Converters: A New Class of Power Converters for Renewable Energy and Transportation
      1. 5.1 Introduction
      2. 5.2 Hard Switching ac-Link Universal Power Converter
      3. 5.3 Soft Switching ac-Link Universal Power Converter
      4. 5.4 Principle of Operation of the Soft Switching ac-Link Universal Power Converter
      5. 5.5 Design Procedure
      6. 5.6 Analysis
      7. 5.7 Applications
      8. 5.8 Summary
      9. Acknowledgment
      10. References
    14. Chapter 6: High Power Electronics: Key Technology for Wind Turbines
      1. 6.1 Introduction
      2. 6.2 Development of Wind Power Generation
      3. 6.3 Wind Power Conversion
      4. 6.4 Power Converters for Wind Turbines
      5. 6.5 Power Semiconductors for Wind Power Converter
      6. 6.6 Controls and Grid Requirements for Modern Wind Turbines
      7. 6.7 Emerging Reliability Issues for Wind Power System
      8. 6.8 Conclusion
      9. References
    15. Chapter 7: Photovoltaic Energy Conversion Systems
      1. 7.1 Introduction
      2. 7.2 Power Curves and Maximum Power Point of PV Systems
      3. 7.3 Grid-Connected PV System Configurations
      4. 7.4 Control of Grid-Connected PV Systems
      5. 7.5 Recent Developments in Multilevel Inverter-Based PV Systems
      6. 7.6 Summary
      7. References
    16. Chapter 8: Controllability Analysis of Renewable Energy Systems
      1. 8.1 Introduction
      2. 8.2 Zero Dynamics of the Nonlinear System
      3. 8.3 Controllability of Wind Turbine Connected through L Filter to the Grid
      4. 8.4 Controllability of Wind Turbine Connected through LCL Filter to the Grid
      5. 8.5 Controllability and Stability Analysis of PV System Connected to Current Source Inverter
      6. 8.6 Conclusions
      7. References
    17. Chapter 9: Universal Operation of Small/Medium-Sized Renewable Energy Systems
      1. 9.1 Distributed Power Generation Systems
      2. 9.2 Control of Power Converters for Grid-Interactive Distributed Power Generation Systems
      3. 9.3 Ancillary Feature
      4. 9.4 Summary
      5. References
    18. Chapter 10: Properties and Control of a Doubly Fed Induction Machine
      1. 10.1 Introduction. Basic principles of DFIM
      2. 10.2 Vector Control of DFIM Using an AC/DC/AC Converter
      3. 10.3 DFIM-Based Wind Energy Conversion Systems
      4. References
    19. Chapter 11: AC–DC–AC Converters for Distributed Power Generation Systems
      1. 11.1 Introduction
      2. 11.2 Pulse-Width Modulation for AC–DC–AC Topologies
      3. 11.3 DC-Link Capacitors Voltage Balancing in Diode-Clamped Converter
      4. 11.4 Control Algorithms for AC–DC–AC Converters
      5. 11.5 AC–DC–AC Converter with Active Power FeedForward
      6. 11.6 Summary and Conclusions
      7. References
    20. Chapter 12: Power Electronics for More Electric Aircraft
      1. 12.1 Introduction
      2. 12.2 More Electric Aircraft
      3. 12.3 More Electric Engine (MEE)
      4. 12.4 Electric Power Generation Strategies
      5. 12.5 Power Electronics and Power Conversion
      6. 12.6 Power Distribution
      7. 12.7 Conclusions
      8. References
    21. Chapter 13: Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles
      1. 13.1 Introduction
      2. 13.2 Electric, Hybrid Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Topologies
      3. 13.3 EV and PHEV Charging Infrastructures
      4. 13.4 Power Electronics for EV and PHEV Charging Infrastructure
      5. 13.5 Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) and Vehicle-to-Home (V2H) Concepts
      6. 13.6 Power Electronics for PEV Charging
      7. References
    22. Chapter 14: Multilevel Converter/Inverter Topologies and Applications
      1. 14.1 Introduction
      2. 14.2 Fundamentals of Multilevel Converters/Inverters
      3. 14.3 Cascaded Multilevel Inverters and Their Applications
      4. 14.4 Emerging Applications and Discussions
      5. 14.5 Summary
      6. Acknowledgment
      7. References
    23. Chapter 15: Multiphase Matrix Converter Topologies and Control
      1. 15.1 Introduction
      2. 15.2 Three-Phase Input with Five-Phase Output Matrix Converter
      3. 15.3 Simulation and Experimental Results
      4. 15.4 Matrix Converter with Five-Phase Input and Three-Phase Output
      5. 15.5 Sample Results
      6. Acknowledgment
      7. References
    24. Chapter 16: Boost Preregulators for Power Factor Correction in Single-Phase Rectifiers
      1. 16.1 Introduction
      2. 16.2 Basic Boost PFC
      3. 16.3 Half-Bridge Asymmetric Boost PFC
      4. 16.4 Interleaved Dual-Boost PFC
      5. 16.5 Conclusion
      6. References
    25. Chapter 17: Active Power Filter
      1. 17.1 Introduction
      2. 17.2 Harmonics
      3. 17.3 Effects and Negative Consequences of Harmonics
      4. 17.4 International Standards for Harmonics
      5. 17.5 Types of Harmonics
      6. 17.6 Passive Filters
      7. 17.7 Power Definitions
      8. 17.8 Active Power Filters
      9. 17.9 APF Switching Frequency Choice Methodology
      10. 17.10 Harmonic Current Extraction Techniques (HCET)
      11. 17.11 Shunt Active Power Filter
      12. 17.12 Series Active Power Filter
      13. 17.13 Unified Power Quality Conditioner
      14. Acknowledgment
      15. References
    26. Chapter 18A: Hardware-in-the-Loop Systems with Power Electronics: A Powerful Simulation Tool
      1. 18A.1 Background
      2. 18A.2 Increasing the Performance of the Power Stage
      3. 18A.3 Machine Model of an Asynchronous Machine
      4. 18A.4 Results and Conclusions
      5. References
    27. Chapter 18B: Real-Time Simulation of Modular Multilevel Converters (MMCs)
      1. 18B.1 Introduction
      2. 18B.2 Choice of Modeling for MMC and Its Limitations
      3. 18B.3 Hardware Technology for Real-Time Simulation
      4. 18B.4 Implementation for Real-Time Simulator Using Different Approach
      5. 18B.5 Conclusion
      6. References
    28. Chapter 19: Model Predictive Speed Control of Electrical Machines
      1. 19.1 Introduction
      2. 19.2 Review of Classical Speed Control Schemes for Electrical Machines
      3. 19.3 Predictive Current Control
      4. 19.4 Predictive Torque Control
      5. 19.5 Predictive Torque Control Using a Direct Matrix Converter
      6. 19.6 Predictive Speed Control
      7. 19.7 Conclusions
      8. Acknowledgment
      9. References
    29. Chapter 20: The Electrical Drive Systems with the Current Source Converter
      1. 20.1 Introduction
      2. 20.2 The Drive System Structure
      3. 20.3 The PWM in CSCs
      4. 20.4 The Generalized Control of a CSR
      5. 20.5 The Mathematical Model of an Asynchronous and a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor
      6. 20.6 The Current and Voltage Control of an Induction Machine
      7. 20.7 The Current and Voltage Control of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor
      8. 20.8 The Control System of a Doubly Fed Motor Supplied by a CSC
      9. 20.9 Conclusion
      10. References
    30. Chapter 21: Common-Mode Voltage and Bearing Currents in PWM Inverters: Causes, Effects and Prevention
      1. 21.1 Introduction
      2. 21.2 Determination of the Induction Motor Common-Mode Parameters
      3. 21.3 Prevention of Common-Mode Current: Passive Methods
      4. 21.4 Active Systems for Reducing the CM Current
      5. 21.5 Common-Mode Current Reduction by PWM Algorithm Modifications
      6. 21.6 Summary
      7. References
    31. Chapter 22: High-Power Drive Systems for Industrial Applications: Practical Examples
      1. 22.1 Introduction
      2. 22.2 LNG Plants
      3. 22.3 Gas Turbines (GTs): the Conventional Compressor Drives
      4. 22.4 Technical and Economic Impact of VFDs
      5. 22.5 High-Power Electric Motors
      6. 22.6 High-Power Electric Drives
      7. 22.7 Switching Devices
      8. 22.8 High-Power Converter Topologies
      9. 22.9 Multilevel VSI Topologies
      10. 22.10 Control of High-Power Electric Drives
      11. 22.11 Conclusion
      12. Acknowledgment
      13. References
    32. Chapter 23: Modulation and Control of Single-Phase Grid-Side Converters
      1. 23.1 Introduction
      2. 23.2 Modulation Techniques in Single-Phase Voltage Source Converters
      3. 23.3 Control of AC–DC Single-Phase Voltage Source Converters
      4. 23.4 Summary
      5. References
    33. Chapter 24: Impedance Source Inverters
      1. 24.1 Multilevel Inverters
      2. 24.2 Quasi-Z-Source Inverter
      3. 24.3 qZSI-Based Cascade Multilevel PV System
      4. 24.4 Hardware Implementation
      5. Acknowledgments
      6. References
    34. Index
    35. End User License Agreement