When a mail system does not have adequate connectivity or all of the information it needs to relay messages, it can forward them to another system that is in a better position for relaying. Consider the network in Figure 9-2 again. If the internal mail systems don't have direct access to the Internet, they can't deliver messages sent by the users in their subnets. They can, however, pass along all messages to the gateway mail system, which can make the deliveries for them. The following procedure demonstrates setting up Postfix on mail1.example.com to relay all messages it receives to gw.example.com, which can then make the outbound deliveries.
Before configuring the internal mail systems, make sure that the
mail gateway is set up to permit relaying from the internal mail
mynetworks parameter (see Chapter
4) should encompass the IP addresses of the internal mail
systems, and if you use SMTP UBE restrictions (see Chapter 11), be sure to include
permit_mynetworks among the rules to allow
mynetworks_style) parameter to
make sure it includes the client systems.
Have the users in the workgroup configure their various mail clients to use mail1.example.com as their SMTP server.
In main.cf, set the
relayhost to point to the gateway system:
relayhost = [gw.example.com]
Reload Postfix so that it recognizes the changes in its configuration file:
Now all messages delivered to mail1.example.com are relayed ...