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Polymeric Sensors and Actuators

Book Description

This book covers in-depth the various polymers that are used for sensors and actuators from the vantage point of organic chemistry. Since many chemists may not be familiar with the physics and operational specifics of sensors, the book has a general chapter dealing with the overall physics and basic principles of sensors. Also included are methods of fabrication, as well as information on smart textiles, actuators, and the processing of data. The range of sensors covered include humidity, temperature, chemical, mechanical, optical, electrode, electronic nose, switchable devices, biosensors, and others.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Half Title page
  3. Title page
  4. Copyright page
  5. Preface
  6. Acknowledgements
  7. Part I: Basics of Sensors
    1. Chapter 1: Sensor Types and Polymers
      1. 1.1 Sensor Types
      2. 1.2 Basic Polymer Types
      3. References
    2. Chapter 2: Methods of Fabrication
      1. 2.1 Patterning Techniques
      2. 2.2 Coating Techniques
      3. 2.3 Electrospinning
      4. 2.4 Molecular Imprinted Polymers
      5. 2.5 Sensor Arrays
      6. 2.6 Ink Jet Fabrication
      7. References
    3. Chapter 3: Processing of Data
      1. 3.1 Evaluation of Multivariate Data
      2. 3.2 Response of a Sensor Array
      3. 3.3 Least Square Method
      4. 3.4 Linear Solvation Energy Relationships
      5. 3.5 Euclidian Fuzzy Similarity
      6. 3.6 Adaptive Resonance Theory
      7. 3.7 Modelling of Sensors
      8. 3.8 Bioinspired Models for Pattern Recognition
      9. References
  8. Part II: Sensors by Type
    1. Chapter 4: Humidity Sensors
      1. 4.1 Calibration
      2. 4.2 Capacitive Humidity Sensors
      3. 4.3 Resistance Type Humidity Sensors
      4. 4.4 Bragg Grating Sensor
      5. 4.5 Fiber Optic Sensor
      6. 4.6 Surface Acoustic Wave-based Sensors
      7. 4.7 Microwave Oven Humidity Sensors
      8. References
    2. Chapter 5: Biosensors
      1. 5.1 Waveguide Sensors
      2. 5.2 Active Elements
      3. 5.3 Special Examples
      4. References
    3. Chapter 6: Mechanical Sensors
      1. 6.1 Basic Principles
      2. 6.2 Polymers for Mechanical Sensors
      3. 6.3 Cardiac Infarction Monitoring
      4. References
    4. Chapter 7: Optical Sensors
      1. 7.1 Conjugated Polymers
      2. 7.2 Amplified Fluorescent Polymers
      3. 7.3 Nanostructured Materials
      4. 7.4 Micelle-Induced Fluorescent Sensors
      5. 7.5 Fiber Sensors
      6. 7.6 Waveguides
      7. 7.7 Chiral Sensors
      8. 7.8 Molecularly Imprinted Polymers
      9. 7.9 Glucose Sensors
      10. 7.10 Hydrophilic Polymer Matrices
      11. 7.11 Special Analytes
      12. 7.12 pH Sensors
      13. References
    5. Chapter 8: Surface Plasmon Resonance
      1. 8.1 Application as Sensors
      2. 8.2 Basic Principle
      3. 8.3 Theory
      4. 8.4 Waveguide Surface Plasmon Resonance
      5. 8.5 Nanoparticles
      6. 8.6 Surface Plasmon Resonance with Fibers
      7. 8.7 Combinations with other Principles
      8. 8.8 Examples for Use
      9. References
    6. Chapter 9: Test Strips
      1. 9.1 Cations
      2. 9.2 Anions
      3. 9.3 Organic Analytes
      4. 9.4 Immunochromatographic Tests
      5. 9.5 Bacteria
      6. References
    7. Chapter 10: Electrochemical Sensors
      1. 10.1 Basic Principles
      2. 10.2 Carbon Nanotube Field-effect Transistors
      3. 10.3 Chemical Resistors
      4. 10.4 Temperature Sensors
      5. 10.5 Smart Textiles
      6. 10.6 Molecularly Imprinted Polymers
      7. 10.7 Other Analytes
      8. References
    8. Chapter 11: Piezoelectric Sensors
      1. 11.1 Theoretical Aspects
      2. 11.2 Automotive Applications
      3. 11.3 Paint Sensors
      4. 11.4 Molecular Imprinted Polymers
      5. 11.5 Food Safety Applications
      6. 11.6 Gases
      7. 11.7 Tactile Sensors
      8. References
    9. Chapter 12: Acoustic Wave Sensors
      1. 12.1 Analytes
      2. References
    10. Chapter 13: Electronic Nose
      1. 13.1 Methods for Validation
      2. 13.2 Medical Applications
      3. 13.3 Fire Detectors
      4. 13.4 Pipeline Inspection
      5. 13.5 Sensing Arrays with Colloidal Particles
      6. 13.6 Nanodisk Sensor Arrays
      7. 13.7 Food Testing
      8. 13.8 Soil Volatile Fingerprints
      9. References
    11. Chapter 14: Switchable Polymers
      1. 14.1 Shape-memory Polymers
      2. 14.2 Chemical Switches
      3. 14.3 pH Sensitive Switches
      4. 14.4 Photo-responsive Switches
      5. 14.5 Molecular Gates
      6. 14.6 Thermosensitive Switches
      7. 14.7 Electric and Magnetic Switches
      8. 14.8 Switchable Wettability
      9. 14.9 Multiple Responsive Switches
      10. 14.10 Environmental Uses
      11. References
  9. Part III: Actuators
    1. Chapter 15: Actuators
      1. 15.1 Mathematical Model
      2. 15.2 Fields of Application and Special Designs
      3. 15.3 Materials
      4. 15.4 Carbon-based Conductive Materials
      5. 15.5 Medical Applications
      6. 15.6 Optical Applications
      7. 15.7 Pumping Applications
      8. References
    2. Chapter 16: Liquid Crystal Displays
      1. 16.1 Basic Design
      2. 16.2 Polymers
      3. 16.3 Special Display Types
      4. 16.4 Viewing Helps
      5. References
  10. Index
    1. Acronyms
    2. Chemicals
    3. Analytes
    4. General Index