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Polymer Science and Technology, Third Edition

Book Description

The Definitive Guide to Polymer Principles, Properties, Synthesis, Applications, and Simulations

Now fully revised, Polymer Science and Technology, Third Edition, systematically reviews the field’s current state and emerging advances. Leading polymer specialist Joel R. Fried offers modern coverage of both processing principles and applications in multiple industries, including medicine, biotechnology, chemicals, and electronics.

This edition’s new and expanded coverage ranges from advanced synthesis to the latest drug delivery applications. New topics include controlled radical polymerization, click chemistry, green chemistry, block copolymers, nanofillers, electrospinning, and more.

A brand-new chapter offers extensive guidance for predicting polymer properties, including additional coverage of group correlations, and new discussions of the use of topological indices and neural networks. This is also the first introductory polymer text to fully explain computational polymer science, including molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo methods. Simulation concepts are supported with many application examples, ranging from prediction of PVT values to permeability and free volume.

Fried thoroughly covers synthetic polymer chemistry; polymer properties in solution and in melt, rubber, and solid states; and all important categories of plastics. This revised edition also adds many new calculations, end-of-chapter problems, and references.

In-depth coverage includes

  • Polymer synthesis: step- and chain-growth; bulk, solution, suspension, emulsion, solid-state, and plasma; ionic liquids, and macromers; and genetic engineering

  • Amorphous and crystalline states, transitions, mechanical properties, and solid-state characterization

  • Polymers and the environment: degradation, stability, and more

  • Additives, blends, block copolymers, and composites–including interpenetrating networks, nanocomposites, buckyballs, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and POSS

  • Biopolymers, natural polymers, fibers, thermoplastics, elastomers, and thermosets

  • Engineering and specialty polymers, from polycarbonates to ionic polymers and high-performance fibers

  • Polymer rheology, processing, and modeling

  • Correlations and simulations: group contribution, topological indices, artificial neural networks, molecular dynamics, and Monte Carlo simulations

  • Table of Contents

    1. Contents
    2. Preface
    3. Preface to the First Edition
    4. Preface to the Second Edition
    5. Acknowledgments [This content is currently in development.]
    6. Chapter 1. Introduction to Polymer Science
      1. 1.1. Classification of Polymers
      2. 1.2. Polymer Structure
      3. 1.3. Molecular Weight
      4. 1.4. Chemical Structure and Thermal Transitions
      5. Suggested Reading
      6. Problems
      7. References
    7. Chapter 2. Polymer Synthesis
      1. 2.1. Step-Growth Polymerization
      2. 2.2. Chain-Growth Polymerization
      3. 2.3. Polymerization Techniques
      4. 2.4. Reactions of Synthetic Polymers
      5. 2.5. Special Topics in Polymer Synthesis
      6. 2.6. Chemical Structure Determination
      7. Suggested Reading
      8. Problems
      9. References
    8. Chapter 3. Conformation, Solutions, and Molecular Weight
      1. 3.1. Polymer Conformation and Chain Dimensions
      2. 3.2. Thermodynamics of Polymer Solutions
      3. 3.3. Measurement of Molecular Weight
      4. Suggested Reading
      5. Problems
      6. References
    9. Chapter 4. Solid-State Properties
      1. 4.1. The Amorphous State
      2. 4.2. The Crystalline State
      3. 4.3. Thermal Transitions and Properties
      4. 4.4. Mechanical Properties
      5. 4.5. Solid-State Characterization Methods
      6. Suggested Reading
      7. Problems
      8. References
    10. Chapter 5. Viscoelasticity and Rubber Elasticity
      1. 5.1. Introduction to Viscoelasticity
      2. 5.2. Introduction to Rubber Elasticity
      3. Suggested Reading
      4. Problems
      5. References
    11. Chapter 6. Polymer Degradation and the Environment
      1. 6.1. Polymer Degradation and Stability
      2. 6.2. Management of Plastics in the Environment
      3. Suggested Reading
      4. References
    12. Chapter 7. Additives, Blends, Block Copolymers, and Composites
      1. 7.1. Additives
      2. 7.2. Polymer Blends & Interpenetrating Networks
      3. 7.3. Block Copolymers
      4. 7.4. Composites
      5. 7.5. Nanocomposites
      6. Suggested Reading
      7. Problems
      8. References
    13. Chapter 8. Biopolymers, Natural Polymers, and Fibers
      1. 8.1. Biopolymers and Other Naturally-Occurring Polymers
      2. 8.2. Fibers
      3. Suggested Reading
      4. Questions
      5. References
    14. Chapter 9. Thermoplastics, Elastomers, & Thermosets
      1. 9.1. Commodity Thermoplastics
      2. 9.2. Elastomers
      3. 9.3. Thermosets
      4. Suggested Reading
      5. Questions
      6. References
    15. Chapter 10. Engineering and Specialty Polymers
      1. 10.1. Engineering Plastics
      2. 10.2. Specialty Polymers
      3. Suggested Reading
      4. Questions
      5. References
    16. Chapter 11. Polymer Processing and Rheology
      1. 11.1. Basic Processing Operations
      2. 11.2. Introduction to Polymer Rheology
      3. 11.3. Analysis of Simple Flows
      4. 11.4. Rheometry
      5. 11.5. Modeling of Polymer Processing Operations
      6. Appendices
      7. Suggested Reading
      8. Problems
      9. References
    17. Chapter 12. Polymers for Advanced Technologies
      1. 12.1. Membrane Science and Technology
      2. 12.2. Biomedical Engineering and Drug Delivery
      3. 12.3. Applications in Electronics and Energy
      4. 12.4. Photonic Polymers
      5. 12.5. Sensor Applications
      6. Suggested Reading
      7. Questions
      8. References
    18. Chapter 13. Correlations & Simulation Methods in Polymer Science
      1. 13.1. Group-Contribution Methods
      2. 13.2. Topological Indices and Bicerano’s Method
      3. 13.3. Artificial Neural Network
      4. 13.4. Molecular Simulations
      5. 13.5. Applications of Molecular Simulations
      6. Suggested Reading
      7. Problems
      8. References
    19. Appendices
      1. Appendix A. Polymer Abbreviations
      2. Appendix B. Representative Properties of Some Important Commercial Polymers
      3. Appendix C. ASTM Standards for Plastics and Rubber
      4. Appendix D. SI Units and Physical Constants
      5. Appendix E. Mathematical Relationships
        1. Trigonometric Functions
        2. Euler’s Identities
        3. Quadratic Equation (ax2 + bx + c = 0)
        4. Derivatives
        5. Indefinite Integrals
        6. Definite Integrals
        7. Geometric Series
        8. Taylor Series
        9. The Gamma Function
        10. Laplace Transforms
        11. Fourier Sine Transforms
        12. Fourier Cosine Transforms
      6. Appendix F. The Major Elements